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Questions tagged [obstetrics]

Questions related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the post-partum period.

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If pregnancy affects a woman's reproductive health, does this mean that all pregnant women are reproductively unhealthy?

For many years now, I have often heard those within the medical community discussing women's reproductive health and how this always needs to be taken into consideration by all women when deciding ...
user57467's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
143 views

Is the treatment of any type of ectopic pregnancy still called an embryectomy?

The generic term for the treatment of an ectopic pregnancy seems to be "embryectomy": ἐκ (ek, “out”) + τέμνω (témnō, “to cut”) Stedman, Practical Medical Dictionary (1916), p. 302 calls ...
Geremia's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
79 views

Why is the period of gestation defined to be measured from 2 weeks before conception?

So the normal gestational period is defined to be "from the first day of the woman's last menstrual cycle to the current date.". Why is that? Wouldn't the more natural definition be "...
robert bristow-johnson's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
88 views

Did 79% of pregnancies in an early COVID-19 vaccine study result in loss?

I just came across a paper published last year concerning the safety of covid 19 vaccines in pregnant women. I read the following sentence in the abstract: Among 3958 participants enrolled in the v-...
Bishop D's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
83 views

How do abortions affect fertility?

According to the Louisiana Department of Health: Complications associated with an abortion or having many abortions may make it difficult to have children. But it doesn't say exactly how risky it is....
Soft wind's user avatar
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0 answers
19 views

Figo staging of ovarian cancer

What stage would it be if the PELVIC lymph nodes are involved in case of ovarian cancer? Will it be stage 2 as it is pelvic organ or will it be stage 3 as it will be retroperitoneal?
user133880's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
89 views

How can men become pregnant? [closed]

Apparently men can get pregnant now? I'm a man; how can I have a baby? I don't have a uterus; doesn't that mean I can't be pregnant?
user25742's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
338 views

Maximum time after fertilization, after which pregnancy test no longer works

I am wondering if there is a maximum time after fertilization, after which a pregnancy test no longer works. On the internet, I can find lots of questions and answers around how early after ...
Pregnancy Test's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
60 views

Studies on long-term health impacts of IUDs on children conceived after IUD removal

Have any studies been done on the health outcomes of children conceived after removal of their mothers' IUDs vs. children whose mothers never had IUDs? This study is close to what I'm looking for: ...
Rasputin's user avatar
  • 141
2 votes
0 answers
30 views

What is the absolute risk of blood clots in pregant women? [closed]

What is the absolute risk of blood clots around pregnancy, and by what factor the base risk is increased by the main risk factors?
crobar's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
25 views

Does covid significantly increase the chances of losing a baby? [closed]

As two late 20s early 30s healthy adults, both vaccinated with two dosages of Moderna more than 6 months ago, we suspect a pregnancy (wanted!). We've heard that being ill with Covid-19 increases the ...
user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
81 views

What data supports the safety of COVID-19 mRNA vaccines for women of childbearing age?

I am looking for the actual data (ie, numbers) supporting the widespread consensus regarding the safety of the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines with regards to fertility, pregnancy, and childbirth, as stated ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
92 views

Is natural labor beneficial to a vaginal delivery?

Vaginal delivery of human babies includes two often harrowing stages: "Stage 1" consists of "labor" to dilate the cervix, while "Stage 2" encompasses "pushing" ...
Lysander's user avatar
  • 379
1 vote
0 answers
131 views

What happens when a Rh+ mother pregnant with Rh- baby?

I know that when a Rh- mother pregnant with Rh+ baby there might be a complication during the pregnancy, if the mother is sensitized to Rh+. However, I have not found out any resource that states what ...
Vylix's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
0 answers
16 views

Is the ultimate cause of failure to conceive generally early miscarriage?

Mechanical issues aside, the process of human reproduction involves a very large number of sperm meeting an egg. It would seem then that given conception can either fail before, during, or after the ...
TheEnvironmentalist's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
19 views

Effects of anti-Rh(D) antibodies on the fetus

Rh disease is caused by the irruption in the fetal circulation of anti-Rh(D) antibodies. This only happens when there has been a prior exposure of the mother to Rh+ RBC. To prevent Rh sensitization ...
user47679's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
40 views

How human placental lactogen (hPL) is associated with insulin resistance in pregnancy?

I am unable to understand the molecular mechanism of hPL induced insulin resistance. Sharing of relevant article/text would be of immense help.
ANA negative's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
55 views

Why do doctors recommend C-section for second birth to women who have 3rd or 4th degree tears in first birth?

From the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists’ The Management of Third- and Fourth-Degree Perineal Tears Green-top Guideline No. 29 June 2015 (updated link): The reported rate of OASIS (...
the_scheining's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
41 views

How to Determine the Top Medical Science Professors in Specific Fields? [closed]

If I want to determine the top medical science professors in a specific field and contact them, how would I go about doing so? I especially want to contact clinical professors. Currently, I am ...
QuietInMontana's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
167 views

Does using 2 vials of sperm per Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) attempt increase the chance of pregnancy?

I read on https://community.cryobank.com/discussion/3305/how-many-vials-per-iui that some reproductive endocrinologists (RE) recommend to use 2 vials of sperm per Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) ...
user19840's user avatar
  • 133
0 votes
1 answer
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Why anti-VEGF increase in preeclampsia?

Anti-VEGF(vascular endothelial growth factor) Now my question is about pathogenesis of preeclampsia, where in due to underdeveloped placental spiral arteries, they become high resistance, low ...
Physicsapproval's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

Research on reasons how vasectomy fails

Commonly referred number is that in 1:1000 cases of vasectomy pregnancy can still happen (with same partner). How many such cases have been really studied so far where a pregnancy took place after ...
J. Doe's user avatar
  • 241
1 vote
1 answer
39 views

Can Vitamin C and E supplements cure or manage Preeclampsia resulting from oxidative stress?

According to Judith E. Brown's fifth edition of the "Nutrition Through Life Cycle" textbook, "Oxidative stress and lack of anitoxidant defences appear to play key roles in the development of ...
Ogunlesi Taiwo's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
720 views

What is the probability of having a second pregnancy with IUGR?

The odds of a pregnancy with an Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) appear to be ~5% in the general population, but, after some searching through Pubmed, I have not been able to find if that number ...
InSpaceICanScreamAsLoudAsIWant's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
35 views

Is Gestational diebetes common to all pregnant women? Can the unborn develop complications from mother with Gestational Diabetes? [closed]

I work as an Industrial Training student in a government Hospital and every Tuesday, happens to be our Immunization clinic. Then a Health talk proceeds. During the Health talk which was conducted by ...
Ogunlesi Taiwo's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
36 views

Are there risks to long term use of IUSs?

The IUS is similar to the intrauterine device (IUD), but instead of releasing copper like the IUD, it releases the hormone progestogen into the womb (NHS 2018). It thickens the cervical mucus, which ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
  • 6,215
2 votes
1 answer
75 views

What effect would a sperm containing XX have on a ovum and fetus?

So this is just a random thought I had, while writing a story, but I assume this is likely impossible currently, and likely in the far future aswell, but let's assume a scenario where the body that ...
MartinArrJay's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
88 views

Are postpartum home (not chlorinated) baths more harmful or hurtful to vaginal childbirth recovery?

For this specific question, I am ONLY referring to baths taken either in a facility or home that are for hygiene purposes ONLY: For this question, please disregard information regarding chlorinated/...
Margaret Belt's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
65 views

Ethics and concerns about feeding human placenta to humans?

Background: Placenta is served out of a typical kitchen, i.e. it is chopped up and used in a variety of dishes. The kitchen after the event is never cleaned to any degree that say a surgical room ...
Brian Aker's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
93 views

What is the fetal viability of a full-term birth baby?

The Wikipedia article on fetal viability gives a table giving fetal viability at each week of gestation: So at 34 weeks the viability rate is >98%. But I'm wondering what is the viability of a full-...
Zebrafish's user avatar
  • 183
2 votes
1 answer
53 views

Risks for VBAC vs repeat Cesarean

When discussing a possible vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC), healthcare professionals often cite the risk of uterine rupture during VBAC as a motivation for repeat Cesarean. This is however only ...
User15107's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote
0 answers
93 views

Does the likelihood of spontaneous labour increase with every membrane sweep?

Two or three membrane sweeps are offered to overdue mothers in weeks 40 and 41 to start labour. Is it advisable to skip the first membrane sweep at week 40 and simply wait for a week, or does this ...
the_scheining's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
49 views

Postpartum haemorrhages due to partial placenta detachment or tear

If only part of the placenta is delivered after the baby is born and the rest is still attached to the womb, the mother can lose a large amount of blood via postpartum haemorrhage. There is no ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
  • 6,215
1 vote
0 answers
73 views

Is Pregnancy without Weight Gain or Distended Belly a Health Risk?

There's an old show called "I didn't know I was pregnant" where girls sometimes gain little to no weight and don't look pregnant, then suddenly give birth. Is this unhealthy or dangerous for them or ...
Elly's user avatar
  • 11
3 votes
1 answer
148 views

Is O positive male compatible (fertility wise) with AB positive female?

I'm a male with O positive blood type. My girlfriend has AB positive blood type. Are we medically compatible? Do we have good odds of having healthy offspring? Is there anything we should be aware ...
john's user avatar
  • 161
-1 votes
1 answer
129 views

Is there any truth to the claim that pregnancy is somehow a health risk to women?

I've heard people say that pregnancy is somehow dangerous for a woman. I know that you can get high blood pressure, and gestational diabetes but that's usually among obese women. The conditions are ...
user1261710's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
40 views

Menstruation and emergency contraceptives

I would like to know whether emergency contraceptive (such as postinor2) can make you skip a period completely in the menstural cycle it was taken in? Especially after a pregnancy test (taken 3 days ...
Pink_NinjaTurtle's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
29 views

Are there any herbal medicines that have been established to actually speed up or ease labor?

Now that I'm 37 weeks pregnant, I seem to have a large number of acquaintances suggesting herbal medicines to me the speed up labor or thin the cervix. The two most common have been raspberry leaf tea ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

In medieval times, how were twins detected?

I was wondering how women (in the old times) were able to find if they were expecting twins. Was it possible a woman give birth to twins without knowing it?
spohreis's user avatar
  • 143
11 votes
2 answers
549 views

In an emergency situation, how does the medical doctor determine that an unconscious patient is pregnant?

If I were to be in a car accident, or something similar, I know that certain tests would be performed either by the first responders or by the medical personnel in the emergency room. Like checking my ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
201 views

Liver for iron deficiency anemia

I need some help for one of my stories and I didn't think this would be suitable for Worldbuilding or Writing so I am asking it here. Lisa, one of my characters, is pregnant and she is in her second ...
Caters's user avatar
  • 301
3 votes
1 answer
59 views

What is the dispersion of woman's ovulation day around the mean value which is 14th day?

Everywhere there's information that ovulation happens at around 14th day of the cycle. But what is the mathematical meaning for the word around?
Dimitrius's user avatar
  • 165
1 vote
1 answer
66 views

About contraception pills efficacy

It is supposed to take "placebo pills" when a woman is on her menstruation and just only the first time she start taking contraception pills is mandatory to consume a pill on the first day of the ...
john's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
81 views

Laser treatment during pregnancy? [closed]

I desperately need advice! I'm so happy to say that I'm 5 weeks pregnant. I just confirmed it yesterday. I'm concerned only about one thing. I have undergone laser hair removal a few days back without ...
kathylake54's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
1k views

Is it normal to have high cholesterol after pregnancy?

Does breastfeeding moms tend to have higher cholesterol levels after pregnancy?
somename's user avatar
  • 173
-2 votes
1 answer
105 views

Maximum time for symptoms of pregnancy to show up? [duplicate]

Just wanted to know what is the maximum possible time for symptoms of pregnancy to show up after having unprotected sex(assume conception occurs)? What I mean is visible symptoms,not something like ...
InStReSs's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
3k views

What is the life expectancy of a sperm in dried semen?

How long can sperm survive when semen dries? Can dead sperm cause pregnancy? For example, if semen were left to dry on the toilet seat for 2 hours, and a woman were to use the toilet, is there ANY ...
InStReSs's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
664 views

Pregnancy and flying

I've heard that flying can harm a developing baby when the mother is pregnant. What happened to my partner is that she missed her period and took a flight after being one and a half months pregnant. ...
Jimmy Joslington's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
74 views

Is there a list of the most prominent textbooks in each field of medical expertise? [closed]

I am familiar with Harrison's principles of internal medicine and Nelson's textbook of pediatrics, which I've heard are regarded as the go-to books in their respective fields. I am looking for more ...
Don_S's user avatar
  • 1,618
3 votes
1 answer
99 views

Clonazepam and pregnancy

What are the risks of my wife taking clonazepam during pregnancy? To be specific, I am looking for recent studies on this, I have done a lot of research and am fairly confused by what I have read.
Patrick's user avatar
  • 131