Questions tagged [terminology]

This tag should be used for questions concerning meaning and usage of words as applied in medical science.

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97 views

How do I specify a particular side of a finger?

I'm trying to indicate which side of a finger an injury has occurred (e.g., a cut). Depending on orientation of the hand left/right / sinister/dexter seems ambiguous. I look at my palms it's one way, ...
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33 views

Meaning of “I” in a table in a study poster

From a poster to a study: I don't understand the meaning of "I" used in several fields of this table. What could it mean? I've read the abstract of the study but still cannot get it. The ...
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25 views

Meaning of “(ref)” in a table describing the characteristics of patients taking part in a cancer study

From a poster describing a study in cancer patients. This is from a table in the poster, which describes the characteristics of the patients (Age groups, Sex ect.) You can see what percentage of the ...
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16 views

Meaning of “the benchmark for median survival”

From the Background section of a clinical trial poster: Good performance, unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients should receive standard-of-care treatment, i.e. Concurrent ...
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Who are “good performance patients”?

I'm translating a study poster and came across the following excerpt: Good performance, unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients should receive standard-of-care treatment, i....
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Meaning of “D1 q3w” in a poster to a clinical trial

From a poster to a clinical trial: I can understand that q3w means "once every 3 weeks", but what is the meaning of D1? I think the first DI must be a typo and it stands for D1 too.
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meaning of “presence of a diagnosis”

From a research paper Percentages and means for baseline characteristics and 2-year course indicators were provided across age groups. Additionally, these characteristics were associated with ...
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48 views

What is the medical meaning of “course”?

From the Cambridge Dictionary Meaning of course: the often gradual development of something, or the way something happens, or a way of doing something Did the scandal have any effect on the course of ...
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48 views

Suture types (layman question)

I hope it's okay to ask a layman question here. I am translating one of the episodes of Grey's Anatomy (S5E9) and came upon this dialogue: Dr. Bailey: OK, yeah, that's right. Grey, tie it off ...
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31 views

Confirmed, recovered, deaths, meaning

I am wondering about the exact definition of a few terms that are being used in connection with the COVID-19, specifically in data sets. I am interested in the data at github specifically in the time ...
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14 views

Meaning of “correlates” in “.. clinical therapeutic studies of LAC in depression and TRD and its correlates .. ”

From "Myriad of implications of acetyl-l-carnitine deficits in depression": Nasca et al. (1) were appropriately conservative in interpreting their findings and pointing out multiple directions for ...
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What is the definition of STI? (formely STD) [duplicate]

We know that for laymen, an STI (sexually transmitted infection) is something that can spread via sexual activities. However, there are some infections that can spread sexually but is not considered ...
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What is aminorachia?

From Folinic acid responsive seizures: a new syndrome? (1995): This infant girl seized within 6h of birth. Seizures were ameliorated with high-dose multiple anticonvulsant therapy. CT scan, urine ...
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Is autosensitization dermatitis fully synonymous with id reaction, and if not, what's the difference?

Autosensitization dermatitis and id reaction have different Wikipedia pages, but I can't understand the difference between them. Is there any, or are they synonymous? When I asked on a translators' ...
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50 views

What is the difference between Dry cough, Wet cough, Chesty Cough, Barking cough?

I am doing some research on cough sounds but my background is not health sector and I am facing issues to identify the correct type of cough. I have two doubts : Is chesty cough Wet cough? Is ...
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What's the distinguishing attribute between sensitivity and specificity?

Sensitivity and specificity. These are the links I used to know about these two terms: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensitivity_and_specificity https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=FnJ3L-63Cf8 https://m....
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1answer
22 views

Is astigmatism a type of retinopathy?

Astigmatism is a common vision condition that causes blurred vision. It occurs when the cornea is irregularly shaped. Retinopathy is any damage to the retina of the eyes, which may cause vision ...
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19 views

Why does MERS include a geographical designator, even though it is a relatively recent term?

In a recent interview, the Chief Executive Director of the WHO Health Emergencies Programme--Dr. Michael Ryan--said that the pandemic of influenza in 2009 originated in North America and we didn'...
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Difference between blood serum and plasma

I'm not understanding some of the explanations I've seen on the internet: What is Serum? Put simply, serum is plasma minus the clotting factors and blood cells. Link But the plasma doesn't ...
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21 views

medical meaning of “Meridian”

A video tutorial is using a spoon to explain how astigmatism occurs. the cornea ideally should be perfectly round like a ping-pong ball which is a perfect sphere and has the same curvature in ...
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Are individuals with controlled blood pressre still considered to have high blood pressure?

I was reading this article: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-18/99-of-those-who-died-from-virus-had-other-illness-italy-says the TL;DR is that 99% of the Covid-19 deaths in Italy had ...
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175 views

Is Coronavirus (Covid-19) considered a pandemic?

It is my understanding that "epidemic" is an abnormally high amount of cases than expected. "Pandemic" refers to a epidemic that crosses continents (Please correct my understanding if it is wrong). ...
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236 views

Who came up with the SARS-CoV-2 name?

I know that the WHO came up with the COVID-19 name, but I see big publisher (Springer) also using "SARS-CoV-2" seemingly to refer to the same thing. To be more technically correct, they say the ...
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41 views

Medical instruments for pushing something out of the way

In the Russian classification of medical instruments, some instruments are grouped under the title "medical instruments for moving aside": The description says: "Instruments whose working ...
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1answer
50 views

Meaning of “acquisition in a single volume” (CT scanning)

From a research paper: (Richards, et al. 2018). A number of integrated strategies were used to achieve this consistently low dose, including; prospective ECG-gated acquisition, lowest possible tube ...
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69 views

What is the difference between Rhinitis, nasal congestion and runny nose?

Rhinitis, nasal congestion and runny nose → from prior reading on these terms I recognize somewhat inconsistency in regards to how people define them or use them in various articles. I personally ...
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35 views

Is a lab “test” the overall collection of things, or the individual things in the collection?

At some laboratories, such as image #1, there is one overall "test" which contain many "markers". At other laboratories, such as image #2, there is one overall "report" which contain many "tests". ...
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53 views

How do you distinguish between “cure” and “recovery” in terms of medical terminology?

​‎I hear a lot of people using the words "cure" and "recovery" interchangeably. Are these two words interchangable in epidemiology? What's the difference between these two in terms of medical ...
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44 views

Is there a “cancelling” drug interaction?

When I read on how drugs affect organisms I often come across the drug interaction term, most often how one drug might have a good or bad synergistic effect with other drugs: Mixing Paracetamol with ...
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1answer
61 views

Is a broader term than Neuro-Muscolo-Skeletal used in medical literature?

Many Mechanic conditions involving anatomic deformity or idiopathic chronic joint inflammation conditions are classified as Neuro-Muscolo-Skeletal (NMS). Is there another widely accepted broader term ...
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Lack of clarity about terms for average glucose in diabetes research literature (MBG, MPG, and AG)

The meaning of “mean plasma glucose (MPG)” is unambiguous, but I’m having an incredibly difficult time making sense of the way the term “mean blood glucose (MBG)” is used in medical research ...
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81 views

What is the umbrella term for examination/diagnostics using tools, equipment and instruments?

There's a Russian healthcare term инструментальная диагностика - instrumental diagnostics (I'm not sure whether the translation provided by Multitran is really commonly used in English). It covers ...
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61 views

Meaning of “terminal” in “terminal necropsy”

From a clinical study report: At scheduled terminal necropsy after 52 weeks of dosing there limited gross necropsy findings were noted. What is the meaning of "terminal" here? I need to translate ...
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38 views

What is the difference between vasoconstriction and contractility?

I was reading few articles that mention stress induced cortisol may contribute to vasoconstriction and contractility as if they are different. I did some searches on vasoconstriction and ...
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117 views

What are “powered” vs “unpowered” samples in medical studies?

I'm not a medical (/ medical research) professional, but I know my probability theory and a bit of statistics. When leafing through some meta-study texts (such as this one), I'm encountering use of ...
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122 views

Meaning of “sib of 20” in a by-patient case description table

A table from from Cerebral folate deficiency: Analytical tests and differential diagnosis: The first column contains patient numbers. I thought that sib of .. meant "sibship of .." - that is, "...
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21 views

Is there a classification code system for TB patients (registered for follow-up) in the West?

I came across the following sentence in a Russian text: Диссеминированный туберкулез легких в фазе инфильтрации, МБТ (-) IА I translated it as: Disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis at the ...
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171 views

Colorectal examinations

This question was sparked by this discussion about the sigmoid and rectum. When looking at the colorectal medical examination techniques, for want of a better term, there are the sopical examinations (...
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23 views

What is the difference between “mild degeneration of the muscular attachment of the gluteus medius” and “mild tendinosis of the left gluteus medius”?

I have read the following two terms: mild degeneration of the muscular attachment of the left gluteus medius mild tendinosis of the left gluteus medius Do these two terms refer to the same medical ...
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29 views

Term for manufactured drug

What is the English term for a manufactured pharmaceutical drug of a specific strength and dosage form, i.e. a pill, an ointment etcetera?
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174 views

Does “400 mg orally twice daily” mean “800 mg of drug per day”?

From a case report: In addition, the authors started 5-hydroxytryptophan titrated to 400 mg orally twice daily with concomittant carbidopa 37.5 mg orally four times a day, and he responded with ...
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Meaning of “potential pharmacogenetic characterisation might also be evaluated so that these syndromes are treated at an earlier age.”

This could be offtopic because this might be just a case of sloppy phrasing and a case of "asking to guess what the authors really meant". A quote from an abstract (GTP-cyclohydrolase deficiency ...
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Meaning of “at baseline” in “Detection of antibodies at baseline in schizophrenia or major depression”

From The basis for folinic acid treatment in neuro-psychiatric disorders by Ramaekers et al., 2016, at the very end of the article: Because the presence of FRα antibodies can show significant serum ...
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1answer
64 views

Is the abbreviation“r/o” on a test report used in the declarative or imperative sense?

I read something similar to this on the radiologist's report for a chest/abdominal CT scan with contrast, in a section headed "NARRATIVE" and a sub-section headed "HISTORY." This is the only content ...
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125 views

What is the name for the symptom of mishearing words?

There’s a really interesting symptom I remember hearing about, wherein the patient will fail to understand certain sounds correctly, in a repeatable fashion. For example, the patient could be ...
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1answer
222 views

Meaning of “Chest wall, Sp, Ps” in a description of tumor recurrence locations

From a clinical trial report: I think that Ps stands for parasternal (nodes) but what could Sp mean? I haven't found a mention of "Sp" in the literature by googling for about 20 minutes. P.S. ...
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1answer
67 views

How is “histologically invasive diameter” assessed in live patients?

Quote: A total of 34 patients were registered between July 2009 and June 2012. The mean age was 53.5 years. The median follow-up time was 23.7 months (2-24 months). The age at the time of ...
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34 views

Meaning of “central registration system” in Japanese clinical trials

Quote from a Japanese clinical trial report: METHOD: An observational study was conducted on patients who relapsed after primary systemic therapy with TZM using the central registration system. The ...
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Meaning of “platinum sensitivity and primary PFI being repowered as prognostic factors”

Quote from a clinical trial report: Recurrence eventually affects 70–80% of patients with advanced epithelial ovar-ian cancer [2, 22], with platinum sensitivity and primary PFI being repowered as ...
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981 views

Are “data cut off” and “data lock” the same thing in a clinical trial?

Quotes from a clinical trial report (JGOG3022 trial): Follow-up was terminated in February 2017 and data were locked in October 2017. Of the 346 patients enrolled, ineligible patients and patients ...