Questions tagged [terminology]

This tag should be used for questions concerning meaning and usage of words as applied in medical science.

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125 views

Terminology for vaccinating with multiple vaccines?

If one were to be "fully vaccinated" with 2 doses of the Pfizer for COVID19 and then six months later vaccinate with the Moderna version: What is the word or phrase to indicate such a ...
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What would be the "medical" term for hitting your head against a brick wall? [migrated]

My Grandfather was a GP from Aberdeen and often took pleasure in explaining how he dealt with time-wasters. The individual would come into the surgery seeking a Doctors note excusing them from work on ...
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How is "absolute risk of death" from covid (or something else) usually defined for infectious diseases?

There's been some discussion on Twitter regarding whether a BBC article is misleading or not. The article says: Researchers estimate that 25 deaths in a population of some 12 million children in ...
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27 views

What's the term for fainting when you get a needle without apprehension?

So I will often faint when I get a needle, both for vaccinations and blood tests. This is not because I have any apprehension about the needle. If I lie down for the needle rather than sitting it has ...
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Why was the fact that the Fc-part of an antibody is crystallizable important enough that the part was named after it? (Fc ="Fragment crystallizable")

The typical Y-shape structure of an antibody is often further divided into three parts which correspond to the fragments one obtain when the antibody is digested by the protease papain. Those are: ...
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15 views

Relationship between Th1 and Th2 and their cross-regulation (+ understanding what cross-regulation means)

Apologies, biology is not my area of expertise but I do have an interest in it. I "know" that Th1 and Th2 cross-regulate but I'm not sure what that means... Could it mean that if one ...
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1answer
47 views

Why are Ground Glass Opacities termed "Ground Glass"?

What exactly is "ground glass", if this exists? How do GGOs relate to "ground glass"? Rather than "ground glass", why not call these light-coloured or gray or ...
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29 views

Erysipelas vs cellulitis vs paronychia

According to Wikipedia: "Erysipelas is a relatively common bacterial infection of the superficial layer of the skin."(1) "Cellulitis is a bacterial infection involving the inner layers ...
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Meaning of "early neurotoxicity" in description of methotrexate treatment effects - at an early age? or an early-stage neurotoxicity?

From a guideline: Due to the inhibitory effect of methotrexate on DHPR and the interaction with dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), this treatment may lead to HPA and early neurotoxicity, possibly ...
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1answer
139 views

Daily dose of recommended water

Here (https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/how-much-water-should-you-drink) it says to drink four-to-six cup of water. I find it weird that they don't mention how big the cup should be? How ...
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Meaning of "Routine" in "Routine imaging of the brain is not required to diagnose BH4Ds"

From Consensus guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiencies Recommendation #27 (conditional): Routine imaging of the brain is not required to diagnose BH4Ds. ...
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Is there any known terminology/coding system for the Hunt and Hess score?

I am trying to create a FHIR Observation from a given Hunt and Hess score (HHS) ranging from 1-5. FHIR resources are using terminologies like LOINC, ICD or SNOMED but i cannot find the HHS score in ...
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Meaning of "Evaluation for inpatient hospitalization, either by on-site psychiatric professional or through an emergency room"

From Table 5 in Psychiatric Emergencies: Assessing and Managing Suicidal Ideation Evaluation for inpatient hospitalization, either by on-site psychiatric professional or through an emergency room. ...
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1answer
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What are "baseline chronic risk factors" in a table describing levels of suicidality risk in a scientific paper?

From Table 5 in Psychiatric Emergencies: Assessing and Managing Suicidal Ideation Baseline chronic risk factors. Minimal mood symptoms. Maintained self-control. Rare acute risk factors. What are &...
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18 views

Meaning of "natural" in "high natural protein intake" in a consensus guideline on BH4 deficiencies

From the Consensus guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiencies: Apart from BH4Ds, the differential diagnosis of HPA includes phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) ...
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25 views

Is their terminology for varying bone fracture severity?

I have done research on the various different types of bone fractures however I am not able to find any resources discussing specifically the severity of fractures. For example I had assumed that the ...
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1answer
41 views

What does "favorable pharmacological profile" mean?

In the context of a new drug going through trials, what does "favorable pharmacological profile" mean? e.g. YTX-7739, a potential disease-modifying therapy for Parkinson’s disease, was safe,...
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What is the meaning of "subcortical retraction" in a description of MRI of a Kearns-Sayre syndrome patient?

I came across the term subcortical retraction and cannot understand its meaning. Does it mean "the withering of the subcortical areas" (shrinking of subcortical white matter)? From Follow-up ...
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15 views

What do we call a stomach ultrasound during which the patient is asked to drink liquid to assess GI functioning?

I came across the term "водно-сифонная проба" in a Russian case report in which a child undergoes medical investigation for his symptoms. Multitran says that it's "aqueous-siphon test&...
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1answer
89 views

Term for a person who sleeps as they need to, rather than with any regular pattern? [closed]

Is there a term for a condition or inclination of only sleeping on an as-needs basis? (analogous, perhaps, to hydration habits, where some people may have a regular pattern for when they drink water, ...
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Is there a term for a blood pressure level that is too high but which is typical for the patient and causes no symptoms?

In Russian, there is a semi-colloquial medical term "рабочее давление" (working pressure) - the blood pressure that is excessive, but is typical for this particular patient and causes no ...
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What is the name of the condition where you remember something while doing it together with others, but forget when you do it alone?

I want to know the name (if there is one) of the condition where you remember things while you do it on a repeated basis with a whole group of people, but forget when you are doing it alone, as if you ...
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2answers
51 views

Does "gram negative" generally indicate highly antibiotics resistant bacteria strains?

I must admit that I am an absolute medical layman, trying to keep myself informed at best though. Today I had a consultation at my dermatologist about a bad healing wound I have, to talk about the ...
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543 views

What is "recognized clinically"? Is there any special meaning in the word "clinically" here?

Quote: Many patients with alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) experience long delays between their first symptom and initial diagnosis of AATD and require many encounters with healthcare providers ...
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What determines "flexion" vs "extension" terminology? [closed]

Why is lifting your arm (or leg) in front of your body (like a Nazi salute, rather than swinging it behind your back like a martial arts shoulder pin) called flexion rather than extension? And why is ...
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36 views

Meaning of the word "term" in a psychiatry article (depression biomarkers)

From Prognosis and improved outcomes in major depression: a review I don't understand the meaning of term - does it have the "time meaning" (particular stage in the course of disease) or ...
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1answer
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Do "a joint sprain" and "a joint displacement" mean the same thing?

According to Cambridge Dictionary, "sprain" means an injury to a joint (= a place where two bones are connected) caused by a sudden movement Do "a joint sprain" and "a joint ...
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1answer
31 views

What's the proper terminology for the cumulative existence of a disease in a patient?

I'm looking for the medical term that refers to the cumulative time a patient has suffered from a particular disease. For instance, if Jane was diagnosed with diabetes when she was 42, and now she's ...
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2answers
110 views

How do I specify a particular side of a finger?

I'm trying to indicate which side of a finger an injury has occurred (e.g., a cut). Depending on orientation of the hand left/right / sinister/dexter seems ambiguous. I look at my palms it's one way, ...
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1answer
38 views

Meaning of "I" in a table in a study poster

From a poster to a study: I don't understand the meaning of "I" used in several fields of this table. What could it mean? I've read the abstract of the study but still cannot get it. The ...
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1answer
27 views

Meaning of "(ref)" in a table describing the characteristics of patients taking part in a cancer study

From a poster describing a study in cancer patients. This is from a table in the poster, which describes the characteristics of the patients (Age groups, Sex ect.) You can see what percentage of the ...
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1answer
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Meaning of "the benchmark for median survival"

From the Background section of a clinical trial poster: Good performance, unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients should receive standard-of-care treatment, i.e. Concurrent ...
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2answers
71 views

Meaning of "D1 q3w" in a poster to a clinical trial

From a poster to a clinical trial: I can understand that q3w means "once every 3 weeks", but what is the meaning of D1? I think the first DI must be a typo and it stands for D1 too.
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52 views

What is the meaning of "presence of a diagnosis"?

From a research paper Percentages and means for baseline characteristics and 2-year course indicators were provided across age groups. Additionally, these characteristics were associated with ...
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55 views

What is the medical meaning of "course"?

From the Cambridge Dictionary Meaning of course: the often gradual development of something, or the way something happens, or a way of doing something Did the scandal have any effect on the course of ...
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1answer
51 views

Suture types (layman question)

I hope it's okay to ask a layman question here. I am translating one of the episodes of Grey's Anatomy (S5E9) and came upon this dialogue: Dr. Bailey: OK, yeah, that's right. Grey, tie it off ...
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Confirmed, recovered, deaths, meaning

I am wondering about the exact definition of a few terms that are being used in connection with the COVID-19, specifically in data sets. I am interested in the data at github specifically in the time ...
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1answer
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Meaning of "correlates" in ".. clinical therapeutic studies of LAC in depression and TRD and its correlates .. "

From "Myriad of implications of acetyl-l-carnitine deficits in depression": Nasca et al. (1) were appropriately conservative in interpreting their findings and pointing out multiple directions for ...
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What is the definition of STI? (formely STD) [duplicate]

We know that for laymen, an STI (sexually transmitted infection) is something that can spread via sexual activities. However, there are some infections that can spread sexually but is not considered ...
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88 views

What is aminorachia?

From Folinic acid responsive seizures: a new syndrome? (1995): This infant girl seized within 6h of birth. Seizures were ameliorated with high-dose multiple anticonvulsant therapy. CT scan, urine ...
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92 views

What is the difference between a dry cough, wet cough, chesty cough and barking cough?

I am doing some research on cough sounds but my background is not health sector and I am facing issues to identify the correct type of cough. I have two doubts : Is a chesty cough the same as a wet ...
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What's the distinguishing attribute between sensitivity and specificity?

Sensitivity and specificity. These are the links I used to know about these two terms: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensitivity_and_specificity https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=FnJ3L-63Cf8 https://m....
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1answer
25 views

Is astigmatism a type of retinopathy?

Astigmatism is a common vision condition that causes blurred vision. It occurs when the cornea is irregularly shaped. Retinopathy is any damage to the retina of the eyes, which may cause vision ...
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Why does MERS include a geographical designator, even though it is a relatively recent term?

In a recent interview, the Chief Executive Director of the WHO Health Emergencies Programme--Dr. Michael Ryan--said that the pandemic of influenza in 2009 originated in North America and we didn'...
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medical meaning of "Meridian"

A video tutorial is using a spoon to explain how astigmatism occurs. the cornea ideally should be perfectly round like a ping-pong ball which is a perfect sphere and has the same curvature in ...
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Are individuals with controlled blood pressre still considered to have high blood pressure?

I was reading this article: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-18/99-of-those-who-died-from-virus-had-other-illness-italy-says the TL;DR is that 99% of the Covid-19 deaths in Italy had ...
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Is Coronavirus (Covid-19) considered a pandemic?

It is my understanding that "epidemic" is an abnormally high amount of cases than expected. "Pandemic" refers to a epidemic that crosses continents (Please correct my understanding if it is wrong). ...
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273 views

Who came up with the SARS-CoV-2 name?

I know that the WHO came up with the COVID-19 name, but I see big publisher (Springer) also using "SARS-CoV-2" seemingly to refer to the same thing. To be more technically correct, they say the ...
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43 views

Medical instruments for pushing something out of the way

In the Russian classification of medical instruments, some instruments are grouped under the title "medical instruments for moving aside": The description says: "Instruments whose working ...
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1answer
113 views

Meaning of "acquisition in a single volume" (CT scanning)

From a research paper: (Richards, et al. 2018). A number of integrated strategies were used to achieve this consistently low dose, including; prospective ECG-gated acquisition, lowest possible tube ...