Questions tagged [surgery]

The treatment of injuries or disorders of the body by incision or manipulation, esp. with instruments.

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19 views

which treatment is recommended for metacarpal fractures (3+4)? operative or nonoperative?

which treatment is recommended for metacarpal fracture (3+4)? operative or nonoperative? What are pros and cons? The patient would like to avoid surgery and is 33 year old. ref https://www.ncbi....
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29 views

Is it ok to buy non-sterile scalpels for non-medical reasons during the COVID outbreak?

I'm working on a non-medical project. Its only relationship to COVID is that I'm at home now and have more time to devote to it. For this project, I need to use scalpels. Because I'm only cutting ...
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40 views

Medical instruments for pushing something out of the way

In the Russian classification of medical instruments, some instruments are grouped under the title "medical instruments for moving aside": The description says: "Instruments whose working ...
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23 views

Rationale for Pilocarpine instillation after retrobulbar haemorrhage

BACKGROUND: Retrobulbar haemorrhage may occur due to retrobulbar block. Immediate pressure bandage after instilling one drop of 2% pilocarpine and postpone of operation for a week is advised. What is ...
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i have appointment for “Elektiv-Ambulanz” (Germany) [closed]

I have an appointment for "Elektiv-Ambulanz", what does it mean I want to do my surgery as an outpatient instead of inpatient.
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52 views

What are the most significant breast tissues in Gynecomastia?

From prior research I understand that only these types of tissues can cause gynecomastia: Adipose tissue ("watery") Mammary Gland Tissue ("viscous") Excessive skin tissue ("saggy") Connective Tissue ...
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Is TAVR/TAVI possible for patients with minimal aortic valve calcification?

I am a medical student currently learning about cardiac diseases and treatment options. Just a while back, I heard about transcatheter aortic valve replacement surgery and how it may serve as an ...
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Are transorbital lobotomies still considered ethical these days?

Psychosurgery has a controversial history and despite modifications still raises serious questions about benefit, risks, and the adequacy with which consent is obtained. Its continued use is defended ...
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What happens in an operating theatre when a fire alarm goes off?

What happens in an operating theatre, during complex surgery that cannot be safely interrupted, when a fire alarm goes off and is not a test? I assume that there is some sort of protocol in place?
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What are the names of surgical instruments?

My questions Please tell me the names of scissors (1) and (2) of the following figure. Please also refer to the differences in characteristics of (1) and (2) for the case when we use ...
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Videos of surgery

Where can I find a website which contains videos of open trauma (HD if possible)? I want to accustom to these views (because I am a medical student).
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What would a nearly-universal list of medical specialties look like

I need to create easy to read universal list of medical specialties. This goal seems impossible if taking into account subspecialties - in most countries they are pretty different. Since there are no ...
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What is the likelihood of effective repair of septal perforations greater than 2 cm?

With septal perforations >2 cm that have clear borders what is the likelihood of establishing blood supply over the inserted cartilage after septal repair? How much of the existing mucosa can be ...
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35 views

Application of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) and other external materials in transgender female's vaginoplasty

I am a transgender female who is looking for SRS options. I would like to know if there is any method of operation that allows the doctor to perform vaginoplasty with ADM material or other external ...
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59 views

How does sleep affect anesthesia? [closed]

Before surgery that requires anesthesia the patient is told stuff like don't eat. Some people cannot sleep well prior to surgery. Can having a full night or regular good sleep fair better for ...
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15 views

Will cryolipolysis reduce fat cell's total number in human?

As we known, fat cell's number will not decrease for adults. Without other surgery, new fat cell will replace the dead fat cell and keep the total number constant. A and B are two people with same ...
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Does corrective eye surgery for affect the ability to focus similar to corrective lenses?

If corrective lenses adjust the point at which the eyes focus and, for a strong correction, inhibit the ability to focus at the opposing distance, will corrective eye surgery affect vision in the same ...
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55 views

Surgery of the hemorrhoid or other veins

I got curious what really happens to the cut blood vessels after they were operated on at an arbitrary point... and how the blood circulation remains consistent(, especially if the blood vessel is a ...
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1answer
47 views

Is there a common standard to assess the safety of medical procedures?

Many medical procedures (which are less or more necessary) like LASIK, joint replacement, tonsillectomy or gallbladder removal are described for patients as very safe (usually with a high number of ...
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67 views

How is “histologically invasive diameter” assessed in live patients?

Quote: A total of 34 patients were registered between July 2009 and June 2012. The mean age was 53.5 years. The median follow-up time was 23.7 months (2-24 months). The age at the time of ...
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108 views

How are surgical patients kept still while awake?

Certain surgeries require the patient to be awake and lucid to be performed safely. If the patient has clonus, epileptic seizures, tremors, or any of a number of other symptoms, staying still during ...
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593 views

The Ethics of extra treatment

This is something that I have been considering for quite a while based on a fictional story I had read. An unconscious individual must undergo emergency surgery in order to stabilise them and prevent ...
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52 views

Hernia repair with a mesh

I'm wondering if hernia repair with a mesh prevents the hernia from growing. I'm imagining a sort of plaster being placed over the hernia but the hole still being there and growing. Or is the mesh ...
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If a patient arrives at the ER unconscious and needs immediate surgery, will they be put under general anesthesia?

I can't seem to find an answer to this question anywhere, but I'm sure that there's some kind of procedure for this situation. Assuming attempts at resuscitation fail, what is the next step for a ...
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Is it technically possible to replace aging body part and live forever? [closed]

I heard that iPS cells can be used to make some human organs (Takebe, et al. 2013). If we make young organs using regenerative medical techniques and replace aging organs with them, can we live ...
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68 views

Medical procedure to sever the brain's ability to communicate with the heart?

So, I think I read some-where that there is a surgical procedure to server the heart's ability to communicate with the brain, for reasons. A negative consequence of this was not being able to, for ...
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67 views

Thumb RCL reconstruction - Abductor Pollicis Brevis vs Palmaris Longus

Tearing the Radial Collateral Ligament in the thumb seems to be way less common than tearing the Ulnar Collateral Ligament in the thumb and so I'm having trouble finding relevant information on Google....
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82 views

How do doctors deal with fear of blood?

For me personally it is very hard to watch scenes from movies/documentaries where the surgeon cuts patient's skin. I don't get any discomfort from seeing blood or wounds but it's almost unbearable to ...
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103 views

Why do surgeons wear blue aprons during surgeries?

In most cases, the surgeon wears a white apron, but during a surgery he is wearing a blue apron, why blue?
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68 views

adequate exposure of the surgical field

What is meant by "adequate exposure of the surgical field" is this sentence: During cardiac surgery, it is necessary to aspirate blood from the cardiac chambers to provide adequate exposure of the ...
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52 views

How common is Anaesthesia Awareness?

Anaesthesia awareness or intraoperative awareness is a situation in which the patient is partially awake during a surgery. How common are such incidences and what are potential problems associated?
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409 views

Can any wound be sutured?

Basically, it is the broader question for this problem. Stitching is, simply put, just joining body tissues together after an injury or surgery. As any wound has wound margin, isn't it possible to ...
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708 views

Allergy to Vicryl Sutures

strong text Can a person be allergic to Vicryl sutures used internally as part of surgery? I had carpal tunnel surgery and the surgeon used Vicryl sutures inside my hand. After the surgeon removed ...
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Are any 3D printed materials biocompatible (safe for implantation in the human body)?

Are any typical 3D printed (extrusion based 3D printer) materials, such as ABS or PLA (or slightly more exotic ones, such as kevlar, fibreglass, or carbon fiber), safe for implantation in the human ...
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Why not use epinephrine?

In a situation where a patient's heart isn't strong enough for surgery, why isn't it common for a doctor to give the patient epinephrine before the surgery? Do the effects of epinephrine not last long ...
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120 views

Why is the cost estimate for the first head transplant 100 million USD? [closed]

I read on https://web.archive.org/web/20171118202503/https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2017/11/17/italian-doctor-says-worlds-first-human-head-transplant-imminent/847288001/: An Italian ...
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51 views

How many times in a lifetime a man can do laser vision/eyesight correction/surgery?

Is it true that laser vision/eyesight correction/surgery is strictly recommended to do only once in a lifetime and if after first laser correction someone's eyesight returned to bad condition the only ...
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1answer
559 views

How bone of broken toe can be straightened without surgery?

I am reading this article about broken toe: If your toe is crooked after the injury, the bone may be out of place and need to be straightened in order to heal properly. This may be done either ...
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1answer
33 views

Are there any side effects of general anesthesia over local anesthesia? [closed]

I finally decided to have a surgery for my ACL since I tore it completely, and after taking so much time to think about it and gather opinions from doctors, friends, etc. I think is the best move I ...
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What's The Minimum Staffing/Logistics For Running A Hospital?

Specifically, a hospital serving a local population of 200-400 people, and assuming departments include ER, ICU, dentistry, maternity, outpatient, pharmaceutical, radiology, and general surgery. What ...
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Name of septoplasty technique without nose tubes?

I have a small blog and want to motivate its readers to go and see a doctor if they have constant trouble in the nose. In April 2017 i had a septoplasty and am very happy with the results :D I have ...
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CRPS without constant pain

Hy everyone! My mom broke her right arm almost 2 months ago (I believe this is called distal radius fracture), and she had to undergo a surgery. 3 weeks after the surgery she started with ...
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1answer
41 views

why is it not allowed to take aspirin based medicines before a day and after a week of cataract surgery?

my mom had a cataract surgery she used to take daily dosage of UNISTAR 75 which contains aspirin in it but doctor said not to take it for a week. what is the reason behind it ?
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What is the difference between a percutaneous endoscopic procedure and a laparoscopic procedure?

Laparoscopic procedures and percutaneous endoscopic procedures both seem very similar, but are somehow distinct. I can find plenty of studies comparing the outcomes of the different methods (e.g. ...
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Why are healthcare costs so inflated in the USA?

I have seen much more inexpensive non-socialized medicine in places such as Puerto Rico, with equal or greater standards of care and outcomes. I would like to understand why the USA is not like that.
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228 views

How does gallbladder removal affects fat digestion?

If I understand correctly, the sole purpose of the gallbladder is to store extra bile that is opportunely released in order to properly digest fat. When the gallbladder is removed, what happens when ...
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1answer
25 views

Brain shunt draining

A shunt inserted into the brain to relieve the pressure from Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus drains into the peritoneal cavity. Why could it not simple drain into an external container?
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What is the least a human needs to survive and remain concious?

This question is rather morbid, but I have been asking it myself for quite some time. My thought process was this: If someone removed my limbs, I'd still be able to survive. Other non-vital organs, ...
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Average Number of Sutures per E.R. visit

I'm trying to gather data for a bioengineering project, but I'm finding difficulty locating the statistic of the average number of sutures per visit, for E.R.'s. Does anyone know how to find this data?...
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Where are good places to find reference?

I'm a special effects makeup artist (these are the guys who do the wounds or injuries for the movies). I need good reference (images or video) of how all kinds of Injuries look like, to make the stuff ...