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Questions tagged [surgery]

The treatment of injuries or disorders of the body by incision or manipulation, esp. with instruments.

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13 votes
2 answers
5k views

Is it possible to survive your appendix bursting without surgical intervention?

I am listening to Rick Rubin's The Creative Act: A Way of Being on Audible, and in his chapter "look for Clues" at 2 minutes and 45 seconds, he makes a peculiar claim. He claims that his ...
Curious Layman's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
63 views

Mechanism of hunger in Roux-en-Y surgery

From my understanding, Roux-en-Y surgery involves the removal of the majority of the stomach, with only a roughly egg-sized pouch left. The purpose is to not only restrict the amount of food the new &...
Axis Omega's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
116 views

How surgeries are performed on military and hospital ships?

I am intersted in papers or reports on how the operations are conducted in the presence of permanent pitching. Is it even possible to perform, for example, heart transplant in such conditions? What ...
FrogOfJuly's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
110 views

At which layer in the human anatomy is the mesh placed during Laparoscopic TEP inguinal hernia repair?

I am told that one of the benefits of TEP hernia repair is that it avoids penetrating the abdominal cavity. This implies that the surgeon does not cut into the Transversales Facia or the Peritoneum ...
Cool Pontiac's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
143 views

Is the treatment of any type of ectopic pregnancy still called an embryectomy?

The generic term for the treatment of an ectopic pregnancy seems to be "embryectomy": ἐκ (ek, “out”) + τέμνω (témnō, “to cut”) Stedman, Practical Medical Dictionary (1916), p. 302 calls ...
Geremia's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
49 views

Are there any recent studies of the incidence of atrioesophageal fistula as a complication of cryoballon ablation for afib?

I have found some reports online after searching and although the paper is 2018 the studies referenced may actually be considerably older and the technique may have been improved since then. Surely I ...
Sedumjoy's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
97 views

Doesn't Intraventricular Catheter placement damage the brain parenchyma? Is this damage significant? How is it avoided/minimised?

On certain occasions, Intracranial Pressure (ICP) must be monitored and, according to the Principles of Neurological Surgery, one of the ways this is done is by placing an Intraventricular Catheter in ...
ForeverNoob's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
80 views

Why do cosmetic surgeons recommend eating pineapple?

(I am not asking for advice on actually eating pineapple in this question. I am curious how this meme or trope has arisen.) I have had a number of surgeries in my time (I'm at the "use other side ...
Kate Gregory's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
143 views

If hernias can’t heal on their own, why do mesh patches dissolve?

A hernia is a soft bulge that can be apparent on physical exam, caused by an organ having found its way to somewhere it shouldn’t be, usually through damage to a muscle lining that holds the organ in ...
nick carraway's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
91 views

Does mixing ghee and honey cause clostridium to grow?

It's said that mixing honey and ghee together can cause Clostridium botulinum infection. How is this possible? Also a study claims that mixing ghee and honey is useful for open wounds https://www.ncbi....
Manav Dhakaan's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
37 views

Is general anesthesia an independent risk factor for perioperative ischemia?

An study mentions that anesthesia with surgery increases the risk of a ischemic injury 30 days after a procedure. It is unclear to me however whether general anesthesia itself increases the risk of ...
agiro's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
77 views

What surgery characteristics make fentanyl a suitable painkiller for certain surgeries?

I read on https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/dea-fentanyl-opioid-crisis-suicide-b2236501.html (emphasis is mine): [Fentanyl] is better known for its potent illegal street form, which ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
174 views

How is blood pressure monitored during surgery?

Yesterday I had a minor procedure involving anesthetic and being "on the table". As the blood pressure cuff inflated, it occurred to me that on medical TV shows, where they are doing far ...
Kate Gregory's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
72 views

Can anyone help me find this case of a boy who died from an OR mistake during tonsillectomy?

I realize that this is obscure. In the 1990s, I remember reading an article in either Time or Newsweek about how a hospital that screwed up a tonsillectomy, resulting in the death of their young ...
robert bristow-johnson's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
56 views

Is it true that surgery for cancer can cause the cancer to spread? [closed]

This cancer.org article says: You may have heard that surgery for cancer can cause the cancer to spread. It's very rare for surgery to cause cancer to spread. Advances in equipment used during ...
Matthew Christopher Bartsh's user avatar
23 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why aren't leg amputations done at the knee joint?

I've noticed that leg amputations aren't usually done right at the knee joint. Instead, the amputation is done further up the leg -- up on the thigh bone. Why cut midway up a good bone like the thigh ...
User1974's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
46 views

Are the surgical site infections "in the brain" caused by same bacteria found in "other parts of the body"?

Are the surgical site infections "in the brain" caused by same bacteria found in "other parts of the body"? There's a blood-brain barrier so, most of the bacteria that infect ...
Pretty_Girl's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Ice cream after surgery (Forrest Gump)

Forrest Gump: The only good thing about being wounded in the buttocks is the ice cream. They gave me all the ice cream I could eat. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1sY7umyLACw (from 00:30) Is there a ...
Philipp's user avatar
  • 175
3 votes
1 answer
109 views

How does a cardiopulmonary bypass machine continue circulation without cutting off circulation to the pulmonary veins and artery?

So, my first stop in trying to answer this question was on Johns Hopkins website, but they are way too vague about the procedure, especially the use of a cardiopulmonary bypass machine. The only ...
Curious Layman's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
278 views

How do neurosurgeons drill into skull without damaging the brain?

I stumbled upon some videos showing real brain surgeries and noticed how the surgeon often uses a hand-held drill to create a hole in the skull (for accessing the brain). This made me wonder: How does ...
F16Falcon's user avatar
  • 143
0 votes
1 answer
103 views

What is meant by surgical stabilization?

This idiom pops up in many articles, yet I have yet to find a definition of it, because it's always used in a specific context (e.g. surgical stabilization of the spine)... I know that the meaning of ...
David Cian's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
67 views

How is a ruptured blood vessel repaired? (Drew Bledsoe)

A famous near-fatal injury is the ruptured blood vessel suffered by Drew Bledsoe in a football game in 2001. He was hit in the chest by the tackler's shoulder and this sheared a blood vessel in his ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

Does alternating silicone sheets with silicone gel yield a better scar reduction than using silicone sheets or silicone gel alone?

ScarAway's packaging mentions (ScarAway is one of the main brands for silicone gels and silicone sheets in the United States): For best results: Use as part of a complete scar treatment regimen, ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

Why are the surgical margins for invasive ductal carcinoma less than the margins required for invasive ductal carcinoma in situ?

Per the NCCN guidelines version 4.2020 (which is unfortunately pay-walled), for invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), the recommended margins are no tumor on ink, while isolated ductal carcinoma in situ (...
Dylan Russell's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
79 views

Fat cut out and repositioned in facial surgery - how does it survive and reattach?

I watched a surgery on youtube here. It's a lower blepharoplasty - a cosmetic surgery to remove "eye bags". The surgeon in that video cuts out small chunks of fat from pockets around the eye....
Rob N's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
42 views

How would someone with medical experience treat a closed fracture of the tibia without proper equipment?

Let's assume a few people were stranded in the wilderness and didn't have access to proper medical equipment. One suffers a simple, closed fracture of the tibia right between knee and foot joint due ...
DLCom's user avatar
  • 109
-1 votes
1 answer
498 views

When performing a vasectomy with cautery combined with fascial interposition, is it preferable to use dissolving sutures or a clip?

According to https://vasectomie.net/Vasectomy_AUA_guideline.pdf: The panel does not advocate the omission of FI (fascial interposition) in performing open ended vasectomy with MC (mucosal cautery). ...
user19840's user avatar
  • 133
0 votes
1 answer
141 views

Is an open-ended vasectomy easier to reverse than a closed vasectomy?

Is an open-ended vasectomy easier to reverse than a closed vasectomy? https://www.vasectomy.com/question/is-open-testicular-end-vasectomy-better-11304 says: So the proponents of [open-ended ...
user19840's user avatar
  • 133
-1 votes
1 answer
61 views

Are open-ended vasectomies less likely to cause post-vasectomy pain than closed vasectomies?

Are open-ended vasectomies less likely to cause post-vasectomy pain than closed vasectomies? I have found https://www.vasectomy.com/question/is-open-testicular-end-vasectomy-better-11304: This is ...
user19840's user avatar
  • 133
-1 votes
1 answer
49 views

Does fascial interposition significantly improve vasectomy success when mucosal cautery is the method of vas occlusion?

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC406425: Fascial interposition significantly improves vasectomy success when ligation and excision is the method of vas occlusion. A limitation of this ...
user19840's user avatar
  • 133
0 votes
0 answers
61 views

Is there any long-term upside in having an open-ended vasectomy instead of a closed vasectomy, given that all open vasectomies will eventually close?

https://www.theturekclinic.com/blog/choosing-an-open-or-closed-vasectomy-in-beverly-hills/: First off, all open vasectomies will eventually close. It’s what the body does with leaks. It just takes ...
user19840's user avatar
  • 133
3 votes
0 answers
59 views

Why is the Virchow node involved in Gastric Adeonocarcinoma?

The lymph node drainage of the stomach is via the pyloric and related lymph nodes. Either way, the supraclavicular node (Virchow's node) is not the first lymph node that drains the Stomach. According ...
abacus143's user avatar
  • 453
3 votes
1 answer
837 views

Why don't dentists use stitches after doing a tooth extraction?

I had tooth extraction in 2007. Dentist didn't use stitches just gave me a cotton told me to hold onto it with teeth. Bleeding last for 3-4 hours. Usually, however, bleeding will almost completely ...
Tim Jack's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
55 views

How do hospitals decide whether to reopen elective surgeries during this COVID-19 pandemic?

Many hospitals have cancelled or postponed elective procedures due to the current COVID-19 pandemic. What kinds of considerations are ethics committees making when deciding to reopen elective ...
D.Tan's user avatar
  • 1,094
9 votes
1 answer
241 views

Why is it necessary to fast before a procedure involving anesthesia?

Before dental or surgical procedures involving anesthesia, there is a common instruction for patients to avoid eating or drinking for some time before their scheduled procedure. Is this because the ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
56 views

Is it ok to buy non-sterile scalpels for non-medical reasons during the COVID outbreak?

I'm working on a non-medical project. Its only relationship to COVID is that I'm at home now and have more time to devote to it. For this project, I need to use scalpels. Because I'm only cutting ...
user19069's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
50 views

Medical instruments for pushing something out of the way

In the Russian classification of medical instruments, some instruments are grouped under the title "medical instruments for moving aside": The description says: "Instruments whose working ...
CowperKettle's user avatar
  • 1,630
1 vote
1 answer
249 views

Rationale for Pilocarpine instillation after retrobulbar haemorrhage

BACKGROUND: Retrobulbar haemorrhage may occur due to retrobulbar block. Immediate pressure bandage after instilling one drop of 2% pilocarpine and postpone of operation for a week is advised. What is ...
JM97's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
0 answers
25 views

i have appointment for "Elektiv-Ambulanz" (Germany) [closed]

I have an appointment for "Elektiv-Ambulanz", what does it mean I want to do my surgery as an outpatient instead of inpatient.
Need Help's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
62 views

What are the most significant breast tissues in Gynecomastia?

From prior research I understand that only these types of tissues can cause gynecomastia: Adipose tissue ("watery") Mammary Gland Tissue ("viscous") Excessive skin tissue ("saggy") Connective Tissue ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
104 views

Are transorbital lobotomies still considered ethical these days?

Psychosurgery has a controversial history and despite modifications still raises serious questions about benefit, risks, and the adequacy with which consent is obtained. Its continued use is defended ...
Bob Ortiz's user avatar
  • 1,029
3 votes
0 answers
154 views

What happens in an operating theatre when a fire alarm goes off?

What happens in an operating theatre, during complex surgery that cannot be safely interrupted, when a fire alarm goes off and is not a test? I assume that there is some sort of protocol in place?
AGB's user avatar
  • 153
1 vote
0 answers
86 views

What are the names of surgical instruments?

My questions Please tell me the names of scissors (1) and (2) of the following figure. Please also refer to the differences in characteristics of (1) and (2) for the case when we use ...
Blue Various's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
1k views

Videos of surgery

Where can I find a website which contains videos of open trauma (HD if possible)? I want to accustom to these views (because I am a medical student).
user16752's user avatar
  • 145
2 votes
2 answers
162 views

What would a nearly-universal list of medical specialties look like

I need to create easy to read universal list of medical specialties. This goal seems impossible if taking into account subspecialties - in most countries they are pretty different. Since there are no ...
ZuzEL's user avatar
  • 73
2 votes
0 answers
21 views

What is the likelihood of effective repair of septal perforations greater than 2 cm?

With septal perforations >2 cm that have clear borders what is the likelihood of establishing blood supply over the inserted cartilage after septal repair? How much of the existing mucosa can be ...
Anouk's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
68 views

Application of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) and other external materials in transgender female's vaginoplasty

I am a transgender female who is looking for SRS options. I would like to know if there is any method of operation that allows the doctor to perform vaginoplasty with ADM material or other external ...
Hypatia du Bois-Marie's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
72 views

How does sleep affect anesthesia? [closed]

Before surgery that requires anesthesia the patient is told stuff like don't eat. Some people cannot sleep well prior to surgery. Can having a full night or regular good sleep fair better for ...
Muze's user avatar
  • 1
2 votes
0 answers
48 views

Will cryolipolysis reduce fat cell's total number in human?

As we known, fat cell's number will not decrease for adults. Without other surgery, new fat cell will replace the dead fat cell and keep the total number constant. A and B are two people with same ...
maplemaple's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
50 views

Does corrective eye surgery for affect the ability to focus similar to corrective lenses?

If corrective lenses adjust the point at which the eyes focus and, for a strong correction, inhibit the ability to focus at the opposing distance, will corrective eye surgery affect vision in the same ...
Zhro's user avatar
  • 141