Questions tagged [diabetes]

Questions pertaining a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood.

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11 views

Calculating insulin dose [closed]

Is there a way to calculate how much insulin is needed for a specific meal? For example how much insulin should i take for 5 grams of carbohydrates so blood glucose level stays optimum and avoiding ...
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Ketosis vs ketoacidosis in the complete absence of insulin

As I understand it, the distinction between ketosis and ketoacidosis is a matter of having too many ketones. Low insulin levels signal the liver to produce ketones. So it seems a complete absense of ...
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Could someone survive being in a diabetic coma for several hours?

I’m writing a modern-day thriller, probably set in Colorado or another heavily forested portion of America. A surveyor from Japan has brought his two children on a working holiday, and they’re at a ...
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USA: What is the correct way to code and bill for diabetic foot exams in claims data?

I'm working with some USA medical claims data and was asked for a gaps in care report for members of the population with diabetes. The total population is around a million people, with tens of ...
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Amino acid data - 101 for beginners

I am a data analyst who received amino acid data from lab to transform them into a form suitable for analysis. What I would like to check with you is check whether the below terms mean the same? For ...
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Should Metformin be taken before, with, or after a meal?

Most places I have looked e.g NHS and Mayo Clinic state that, It's best to take metformin with a meal to reduce the side effects. The most common side effects are feeling and being sick, diarrhoea, ...
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1answer
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Monotherapy of multiple drugs or combination therapy - Beginner 101

Let's say that patient A is taking drugs like as shown below |---atenolol-----esmolol----nebivolol---------------------| |---s------e-----s-----e----s-------e---------------------| here s and e ...
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81 views

What is the rationale of using Metformin in Pre-Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes?

Mechanism of action of Metformin is Ultimately, it decreases gluconeogenesis (glucose production) in the liver Gluconeogenesis results from breaking up of fat. Metformin also inhibits cellular ...
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Sweeteners and Diabetes Risk

With Diet soft drinks and Diabetes I have heard that aspartame is one of those risks, which has led to bans in some countries, and calls for it to be banned here in the UK, so is there a risk with ...
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Diet soft drinks and Diabetes

I have heard many times, for example in HealthLine and in Patient Info that diet soft drinks can be just as bad as sugary soft drinks when it comes to risk of diabetes. I am also reading what seems to ...
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Change in skin temperature due hypoglycemia (cold sweat)

Commercial cold sweat alarms monitor the skin temperatures and relative humidity of diabetics, normally using a device strapped to the wrist. Usually worn at night, the devices give an alert of a ...
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1answer
17 views

Different names for eGFR measurement

I had a look at our hospital database and found out that we have the below measurements Estimated Glomerular Filtration ml/min Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate ml/min Estimated ...
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1answer
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Different names for HbA1c

Am a data analyst working on healthcare data analysis. I came across the below terms in my source data from the hospital system. I did a google search and found that they all are the same Glycated HB ...
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Covid-19 mortality rates lower among some diabetes patients

It has been found that hospitalized COVID-19 patients have a greater risk of dying if they are men or are obese or have complications from diabetes or hypertension (University of Maryland School of ...
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Length of stay vs Acute length of stay in a hospital

I came across a term called Acute length of stay recently from a medical dataset hosted in Kaggle [here] 1 While I understand that the usual length of stay is given by the formula date of discharge - ...
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1answer
45 views

How to differentiate between Type 2 and Type 1 Diabetes

I have a database of Diabetes patients with labs, drugs, diagnosis information. However, the database doesn't have explicit labels/information on who is suffering from Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes For ...
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111 views

What does primary, secondary and safety outcome of a drug study mean?

I was reading a research article and came across this: We studied 55 outcomes of interest, including both effectiveness and safety endpoints. We divided effectiveness outcomes into three primary ...
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1answer
48 views

How osmotic diuresis leads to loss of sodium, chloride, potassium?

I was reading about diabetic ketoacidosis(DKA), where it was mentioned about osmotic diuresis caused by glucose within the renal tubules. Okay, I understand about the fluid loss due to osmotic ...
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49 views

Is it possible to measure glucose levels only by the eye?

I was surfing the web to find a good project to make, using Deep Learning applied to the Medical Sciences and I saw a freshman that built an app that can reads the glucose levels only with a picture ...
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Is stem cells treatment an effective cure for nerve damage from peripheral neuropathy in DM?

Is stem cells treatment an effective cure for nerve damage from peripheral neuropathy in DM? Googling returns plenty of hits. Top results are businesses offering stem cells treatment for almost any ...
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715 views

Reason for different blood glucose values in left and right hand

Almost everytime I measure the blood glucose levels in both right and left hands there's always a difference of 10-20mg/dL. When I first noticed this, I tried using on different individuals, but for ...
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34 views

Is it possible that there are some people who cannot get Type 2 diabetes?

I have read this answer to a different question which discusses a theory of the cause of type 2 Diabetes. It describes insulin resistance leading to a runaway positive feedback loop. The answer also ...
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1answer
27 views

Why do insulin pumps have a single sensor?

Sometimes a sensor can malfunction, or the area surrounding it can be infected, leading to wrong glucose measurements. Even just the fact to rely on a single sensor seems to psychologically limit the ...
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69 views

Why is there no ketoacidosis in Type 2 diabetes mellitus?

Since Insulin is unable to act on cells due to insulin resistance, then shouldn't ketoacidosis also occur in Type 2 ?
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Side-effects or other medical conditions for diabetic patients

I have a database of diabetic patients and their medication/lab test data as well. 1) I am planning to run a simple analysis like finding out incidence rate example: amongst the T2DM patients that I ...
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T2DM medication treatment pathway

I am looking at the T2DM medications specified here and have a few questions about them. 1) Why don't I see drugs like Troglitazone, Tolazamide, Acarbose, Acetohexamide, Chlorpropramide, Miglitol? ...
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T2DM diagnosis vs disorder due to T2DM diagnosis?

I have a database of diabetic patients. Mostly 80 % are T2DM patients. Now I would like to identify the T2DM patients based on their conditions reported. I mean when patients visit hospital (diabetic ...
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40 views

How to interpret diabetic complications?

I have a database of diabetic patients. Mostly 80 % are T2DM patients. Now I would like to identify the T2DM patients based on their conditions reported. I mean when patients visit hospital (diabetic ...
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1answer
38 views

How does Diabetic specialist clinic work?

I am from IT domain and would like to seek some help on certain medicine related questions I would like to know how does Diabetic specialist hospital/clinic work for Diabetic patients when compared ...
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1answer
60 views

Urine glucose testing for diabetes control

A publication in the NCBI bookshelf called Type 2 diabetes: Measuring sugar levels in blood and urine yourself (IQWiG, 2010) it states that Having sugar in your urine is usually a sign of very high ...
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1answer
149 views

What is the specific mechanism for ketoacidosis in Diabetes Mellitus?

What is the specific mechanism for ketoacidosis in Diabetes Mellitus? As far as I have understood it goes something like this:: Diabetes Mellitus --> Decreased glucose uptake by cells of the ...
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Lack of clarity about terms for average glucose in diabetes research literature (MBG, MPG, and AG)

The meaning of “mean plasma glucose (MPG)” is unambiguous, but I’m having an incredibly difficult time making sense of the way the term “mean blood glucose (MBG)” is used in medical research ...
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1answer
77 views

Glucagen-like Peptide 1 (GLP-1): Is there food containing it or increases it's production?

Insulin therapy affects the GLP-1 level of patients. Is there some "natural" appearance of GLP-1 in food, or food which stimulates GLP-1 production? (Background: In Diabetes Typ 2 medication with ...
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1answer
70 views

Should I drink coconut water daily? Many sites praise the health effect

Example article found with DDG: 8 Science-Based Health Benefits of Coconut Water The Bottom Line Coconut water is a delicious, nutritious and natural beverage that’s extremely good for you. ...
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74 views

How does fluid temp impact glucose uptake in hypoglycemia?

I recently asked How to mark beverage cans in a cooler for a blind person? on a sister site. One of the answers made this unreferenced claim. The last thing you want to do close to ...
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Is Gestational diebetes common to all pregnant women? Can the unborn develop complications from mother with Gestational Diabetes? [closed]

I work as an Industrial Training student in a government Hospital and every Tuesday, happens to be our Immunization clinic. Then a Health talk proceeds. During the Health talk which was conducted by ...
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77 views

What is the medical consensus regarding the effect sugar consumption has on health?

"Sugar" here means commonly consumed sugars: glucose, fructose, sucrose and HFCS. Is eating sugar always bad? Can it be eaten in moderation and present no risk to diabetes and other issues? Or should ...
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Assessing protein bars with artificial sweeteners for diabetics type 2

In case of diabetes type 2, I have learned that it is recommended to find a low carb diet, possibly even low fat (to ease loss of weight) and to compensate instead with whole grain food, high amounts ...
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114 views

Is brown sugar better than white for diabetes?

As we know that diabetic patient does not eat sugar(white sugar) because the blood sugar level is not controlled.So,can a diabetic patient use brown sugar in replacement of white sugar? can brown ...
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2answers
115 views

how do diabetics keep their kidney healthy?

I understand diabetes can cause kidney problems. Are there any treatments or other preventative measures that can reduce or prevent kidney problems?
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61 views

What flour is best for diabetic person?

What type of flour is most effective at controlling blood sugar levels in diabetics?
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What diet can be appropriate for a person with obesity, diabetes, hypertension and chronic kidney disease? [closed]

At my place of work as a student trainee, my attention was called to a patient who has suffered badly from secondary diseases. He has a Body Mass Index of 42, obese. He also suffers from Type 1 ...
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Could genetically modified viruses cure genetic diseases?

Is it possible to create a genetically modified virus to carry a custom genetic payload, that could express protiens that the host is unable to make themselves? For example, could a virus be created ...
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Therapeutic dose as safe antioxidant, melatonin and diabetes

This question is not about sleep, but really about the antioxidant benefits of melatonin down to the mitochondrial level. e.g. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijad/2011/326320/ , http://www.mdpi.com/...
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Should I take plenty carbs? [closed]

To gain weight, I have to take lots of carbs which I'm currently doing. My mum says eating too much carbs could cause diabetes. While her mum was diagnosed with diabetes, she said the doctor told her ...
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pancreas lifetime and diabetes

Reading an old HE topic about diabetes, I point out the words "pancreatic exhaustion". Does it mean the organ pancreas has a lifetime? In other words, pancreas is able to produce insulin just for a ...
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333 views

Drinking fruit juice by blender is a risk for diabetes?

I eat fruit juice blended by blender every night. I use a blender to blend Watermelon, Lychee, Melon etc. Is the sugar from the fruit a risk for diabetes?
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Soda / Pop alternatives to appease desire for super sugary drinks [closed]

I'm a 29 year old pop lover... I have 3-4 cans (12 fl oz) per day of Mtn Dew or Pepsi. I know I need to cut back on all the sugar. What types of drinks can serve as a tasty replacement that can ...
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Is it possible to have diabetes for about 9 months without knowing it?

Is it possible to have diabetes (type 1 or 2) for about 9 months without knowing it ?
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Can diabetes relieve symptoms of hemophilia?

This question can be seen silly, but I wondered about this question for several years. I learned that diabetes make our blood so sticky that it can block blood flows of capillary vessels. Then, what ...