Questions tagged [infection]

Questions regarding the ability of organisms to cause illness or disease in the body upon entering and multiplying in it should use this tag. It may be a virus, bacterium, parasite or other organism which uses the body as a host to the host's detriment. Some infections are subclinical or result in carrier states. Symbiosis is not considered an infection.

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How to stop navel discharge? [closed]

It's almost more than 2 months I have been experiencing a discharge from navel which looks like a pus. I consulted with some doctors, but their medication has not given me any benefit. In my locality, ...
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Scoring systems and different mortality definitions for liver cirrhosis?

May I check with you on the below terms please? a) Operative mortality - Any death due to a surgery within 30 days after surgery. Let's say if 10 people have liver surgery and 5 peopld die within 30 ...
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Is it possible to increase viral load and COVID-19 disease severity through subsequent infectious doses? [closed]

There is potentially a causal chain leading from high initial infectious dose to high viral load to high disease severity for COVID-19. See, for example, evidence surveyed here. However, once someone ...
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What is the risk of meningitis after nasal hair plucking?

I heard board-certified dermatologist Dr. Sandra Lee (aka Dr. Pimple Popper) refer to a Nasolabial triangle as the "triangle of danger" on one of her tv show episodes. Re-reading the ...
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Are H. Pylori infections the most common cause of both gastric and duodenal ulcers? Is the urea breath test a useful diagnostic for both kinds?

H. pylori infections are a frequent cause of peptic ulcers, and a positive result from a urea breath test indicating the likely presence of H. pilori may be followed by treatment that includes one or ...
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107 views

Are there known outdoor super spreader events for COVID-19? Are there *any* known outdoor infections at all?

The title says it all: Are there known outdoor events or gatherings where the virus was spread to a large number of persons? We know of many indoor super spreader events (choirs, bars, private parties ...
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Do comorbidities that have an important negative impact for COVID-19 patients are generally affecting patients with viral infections?

I have often seen in media about the comorbidities that make things worse for a COVID-19 patient. The most often mentioned are hypertension and diabetes as also mentioned in this article: From what ...
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Which HPV types are detectable by the immune system to remove it from body?

Some resources (like WHO) says that HPV can be cleared by the immune system as the following. WHO There are many types of HPV, and many do not cause problems. HPV infections usually clear up without ...
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How soon after a small skin cut will the skin restore its bacteria/virus defense?

I am asking in the context of preventing STD transmission via small cuts in the hand as in the image : https://thumbs.dreamstime.com/b/cut-finger-wound-closeup-human-hand-hurt-bleeding-healthcare-...
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How long does it take for the COVID-19 antibody to disappear?

I saw a news article says; 90 days after the infection with ncov19, several patients had no detectable antibodies in their bloodstream. This seems to be one of their evidence that immunity against ...
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1answer
479 views

Is it possible to remove HPV from the body by strengthening the immune system?

I saw some content which says HPV can be removed from the body by strengthening the immune system: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/surv-manual/chpt05-hpv.html Most HPV infections are transient and ...
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Are cruise-ships and nursing-homes really hotspots for Covid-19 morbidity? [closed]

The press seems to suggest that cruise-ships and nursing-homes are hotspots for Covid-19 morbidity. Is that really so? And if so, are there common denominators between the two?
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Presentation of LSS / MAMSAS or MMN (asymmetric CIPD variants) in patients with HIV?

I'm having trouble finding any information about occurrence of CIDP variants (specifically asymmetric presentations of CIPD e.g LSS / MAMSAS or MMN (multifocal motor neuropathy) in patients with HIV. ...
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Are there diseases for which infection does not grant lasting immunity but a vaccine does?

There has been a lot of discussion about whether people who have COVID-19 and recover will have long-lasting immunity. At the same time, work is underway to create a vaccine for this disease. But if ...
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Is it dangerous to share toothpaste? [closed]

Can a person get some dangerous disease (Hepatitis, HIV, etc) from another person by sharing a toothpaste with them?
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What is the definition of STI? (formely STD) [duplicate]

We know that for laymen, an STI (sexually transmitted infection) is something that can spread via sexual activities. However, there are some infections that can spread sexually but is not considered ...
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1answer
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What are the genetic predispositions, if any, for covid-19?

What are the genetic predispositions, if any, for covid-19? For example, https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1258244/Coronavirus-symptoms-COVID19-susceptibility-genetic-transmission-latest-...
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Can you recover from COVID-19, and then be reinfected so as to be a danger to other people?

Assuming I've contracted COVID-19 this January and made a full recovery and the antibodies have already left my body again. Now, I come into contact with someone who is sick and I inhale some COVID-19 ...
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If a SARS-CoV-2 asymptomatic infected individual is exposed to a high viral load, could they develop COVID-19 disease?

I would add my own research if I could to respect site rules, but I can't. There are no studies on SARS-CoV-2, all I can find is for SARS-CoV-1 and some Chinese information based studies. My ...
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1answer
37 views

Do gloves offer extra protection in general against a COVID-19 infection?

For people who neither are medical personnel, nor in any related field like geriatic care, what kind of protection would gloves provide? I mind people in their daily activities like shopping or using ...
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Voluntaries to get rid of Covid-19 [closed]

What are the requirements for anyone who wants to come to the USA as a volunteer to find a cure to Coronavirus ? Im not afraid if i get infected or die. I just want to do something that is worth ...
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Seboorrheic Dermatitis, Fungi, Environmental Factors

How can seborrheic dermatitis not be caused by poor hygiene as the assotiation for dermatology said? Wouldn't poor hygiene at least aggravate the condition? The treatment is mainly antifungal. And ...
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Would the human seasonal coronaviruses be just as deadly as COVID-19 in a population with no prior immunity?

Presuming that we were able to find a person who was never exposed to any of the human seasonal coronaviruses (part of the viruses that cause the common cold), would the virus be just as deadly for ...
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1answer
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A study about blood differences and the risk for COVID-19

On healthline it's mentioned a recent study that came out of Wuhan, China; it’s published on a website, but hasn’t yet been reviewed by peers. In the study, scientists looked at the blood types of ...
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Use of antibiotics with chest infections

I would like to have a confusing part of medicine cleared up. My experience of medical intervention is as follows. As pointed out in the answer to Does taking antibiotics make you immune to virus? ...
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Does the virus causing COVID-19, the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 stop being infectious when it is dry? [closed]

There are studies on the persistence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus on surfaces. These studies aim to find out how long a surface remains infectious to humans. As far as I understand, it is not determined ...
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Is open air spraying of disinfectant irritating the respiratory system and therefore increasing risk of infection such as COVID-19?

Recent articles and news items showed groups of people (mainly in Asia) spraying whole cities with disinfectant (as shown on a photo below). Apart from questions about the used substances, dose, ...
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Is it possible that COVID-19 virus exist in a human body, but be absent from samples taken from nose and back of throat?

As specified in this link, COVID-19 tests start with taking samples from the nose or back or throat of people. Based on growth rate of this disease, I thought what if those samples are not positive (...
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What is the main way COVID-19 spreads?

Reading numerous news articles about COVID-19, I got confused as to what is its main transmission route. In particular, I am confused as to whether it is direct landing of respiratory droplets in ...
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1answer
174 views

Can this product kill coronavirus?

I'm really really confused what product to buy to clean my laptop body to disinfect it from coronavirus. Like most doctors say use 60-70% alcohol based sanitizers to clean your hands. So does it ...
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Study type/design used in an coronavirus article?

I came across an article given here While I was reading the article, I wasn't able to find the study type/ design? Can you please help me find out what is the study design/type here? Meaning we ...
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Is it possible that inhaling copper vapor, in some form, can help in treating a bacterial or viral infection of the lung? [closed]

There are many studies showing the antimicrobial properties of copper. Based on these properties, is it possible that inhaling copper vapor, in some form, can help in treating a bacterial or viral ...
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1answer
131 views

If I get COVID-19, can I get cured by myself?

Suppose I get infected by COVID-19. I am a healthy person but with weight issues, according to the standard weight tables. Can my immune system cure me by itself? That is, without the need of ...
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Why would someone, healthy and 10-39 years old, infected with covid-19 might die?

From https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus we can see that a person between 10 and 39 years old has a probability of 0.2% of dying, which is very low but meaningful. See also this table below for ...
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Is standing apart 2m an appropriate Social Distancing measure for choirs

In our choir, we are discussing measures to slow the spread of the novel Coronavirus in our community. However, I lack understanding about how the virus spreads in a closed room. The German Public ...
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Do pharmacies' terminals spread infections?

Everybody who's purchasing medicine in a pharmacy has to write a signature on a touchscreen payment terminal, either with his/her finger or by using the stylos attached to the terminal. This practice ...
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Do tooth infections pockets build pressure?

Here is a strange situation that happened these days. I had an infection in a tooth that had a root canal and a post with a crown. The infection was there for a while and these days, the whole thing (...
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1answer
135 views

Does drinking water constantly protect against coronavirus infection?

At least in Poland there is an SMS people send to each other that warns one should be constantly drinking water, at least a few gulps every 15 mins to protect oneself against viral infection. ...
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1answer
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Does viral load of the initial COVID-19 infection affect its severity?

If someone gets infected by a droplet containing a high load of the SARS-CoV-2 virus would he be more likely to develop more severe symptoms compared to someone who gets infected by a droplet ...
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Will 70% isopropyl alcohol deactivate i.e. kill COVID-19?

Today the CDC released an official list of what kills the COVID-19 virus but the list does not mention 70% isopropyl alcohol. This is a fairly basic disinfectant and it seems it should have been on ...
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Are motorcycle helmets effective in preventing Corona?

Can a full-head helmet with the visor closed prevent getting infected by the Corona virus during a casual interaction with a carrier? For example, when buying something at a store or discussing ...
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1answer
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Side-effects or other medical conditions for diabetic patients

I have a database of diabetic patients and their medication/lab test data as well. 1) I am planning to run a simple analysis like finding out incidence rate example: amongst the T2DM patients that I ...
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T2DM medication treatment pathway

I am looking at the T2DM medications specified here and have a few questions about them. 1) Why don't I see drugs like Troglitazone, Tolazamide, Acarbose, Acetohexamide, Chlorpropramide, Miglitol? ...
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What is the danger of a persistent gestational sac and other post abortion remains?

If a woman has a failed pregnancy (failed after 6 weeks but discovered after 14 weeks, during the first ultrasound) and opts for a medical abortion, but after two rounds of misoprostol (one week apart,...
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T2DM diagnosis vs disorder due to T2DM diagnosis?

I have a database of diabetic patients. Mostly 80 % are T2DM patients. Now I would like to identify the T2DM patients based on their conditions reported. I mean when patients visit hospital (diabetic ...
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1answer
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How to interpret diabetic complications?

I have a database of diabetic patients. Mostly 80 % are T2DM patients. Now I would like to identify the T2DM patients based on their conditions reported. I mean when patients visit hospital (diabetic ...
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25 views

Are there probiotics for upper respiratory tract tissue?

If the lungs can be subject to bacterial infection, why do there not exist beneficial probiotics that live in lung tissue to combat "bad" bacteria proliferation?
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1answer
46 views

What is daily sedation interruption for ventilated patients?

I was reading about ventilator bundle here and came across this term called Daily Sedation Interruption. Does this term mean break in giving the sedation drugs? How can this help in reducing the ...
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1answer
60 views

T2DM Fasting glucose level - extreme cases

I am working on clinical data analysis and currently dealing with T2DM patients. When I look at their Fasting glucose level readings, I see that their values range from 0.9 mmol\L to 64 mmol\L The ...
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1answer
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Do patients with VAE stay in ICU for longer time?

I was reading online that people when put in ICU under mechanical ventilation, can develop Ventilated Associated Events. What I would like to know is: does the stay in ICU increase for people who ...