Questions tagged [infection]

Questions regarding the ability of organisms to cause illness or disease in the body upon entering and multiplying in it should use this tag. It may be a virus, bacterium, parasite or other organism which uses the body as a host to the host's detriment. Some infections are subclinical or result in carrier states. Symbiosis is not considered an infection.

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Function of infection by time and distance [closed]

I'm looking for function f(d,t) that calculates the probability to be infected by the distance (d) between two persons and the duration (t). Where should I find a function like that?
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Presentation of LSS / MAMSAS or MMN (asymmetric CIPD variants) in patients with HIV?

I'm having trouble finding any information about occurrence of CIDP variants (specifically asymmetric presentations of CIPD e.g LSS / MAMSAS or MMN (multifocal motor neuropathy) in patients with HIV. ...
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Are there diseases for which infection does not grant lasting immunity but a vaccine does?

There has been a lot of discussion about whether people who have COVID-19 and recover will have long-lasting immunity. At the same time, work is underway to create a vaccine for this disease. But if ...
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Is it dangerous to share toothpaste? [closed]

Can a person get some dangerous disease (Hepatitis, HIV, etc) from another person by sharing a toothpaste with them?
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What is the definition of STI? (formely STD) [duplicate]

We know that for laymen, an STI (sexually transmitted infection) is something that can spread via sexual activities. However, there are some infections that can spread sexually but is not considered ...
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What are the genetic predispositions, if any, for covid-19?

What are the genetic predispositions, if any, for covid-19? For example, https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1258244/Coronavirus-symptoms-COVID19-susceptibility-genetic-transmission-latest-...
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Can you recover from COVID-19, and then be reinfected so as to be a danger to other people?

Assuming I've contracted COVID-19 this January and made a full recovery and the antibodies have already left my body again. Now, I come into contact with someone who is sick and I inhale some COVID-19 ...
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If a SARS-CoV-2 asymptomatic infected individual is exposed to a high viral load, could they develop COVID-19 disease?

I would add my own research if I could to respect site rules, but I can't. There are no studies on SARS-CoV-2, all I can find is for SARS-CoV-1 and some Chinese information based studies. My ...
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1answer
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Do gloves offer extra protection in general against a COVID-19 infection?

For people who neither are medical personnel, nor in any related field like geriatic care, what kind of protection would gloves provide? I mind people in their daily activities like shopping or using ...
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Voluntaries to get rid of Covid-19 [closed]

What are the requirements for anyone who wants to come to the USA as a volunteer to find a cure to Coronavirus ? Im not afraid if i get infected or die. I just want to do something that is worth ...
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Seboorrheic Dermatitis, Fungi, Environmental Factors

How can seborrheic dermatitis not be caused by poor hygiene as the assotiation for dermatology said? Wouldn't poor hygiene at least aggravate the condition? The treatment is mainly antifungal. And ...
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Would the human seasonal coronaviruses be just as deadly as COVID-19 in a population with no prior immunity?

Presuming that we were able to find a person who was never exposed to any of the human seasonal coronaviruses (part of the viruses that cause the common cold), would the virus be just as deadly for ...
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1answer
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A study about blood differences and the risk for COVID-19

On healthline it's mentioned a recent study that came out of Wuhan, China; it’s published on a website, but hasn’t yet been reviewed by peers. In the study, scientists looked at the blood types of ...
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Use of antibiotics with chest infections

I would like to have a confusing part of medicine cleared up. My experience of medical intervention is as follows. As pointed out in the answer to Does taking antibiotics make you immune to virus? ...
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1answer
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Does the virus causing COVID-19, the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 stop being infectious when it is dry? [closed]

There are studies on the persistence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus on surfaces. These studies aim to find out how long a surface remains infectious to humans. As far as I understand, it is not determined ...
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Is open air spraying of disinfectant irritating the respiratory system and therefore increasing risk of infection such as COVID-19?

Recent articles and news items showed groups of people (mainly in Asia) spraying whole cities with disinfectant (as shown on a photo below). Apart from questions about the used substances, dose, ...
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Is it possible that COVID-19 virus exist in a human body, but be absent from samples taken from nose and back of throat?

As specified in this link, COVID-19 tests start with taking samples from the nose or back or throat of people. Based on growth rate of this disease, I thought what if those samples are not positive (...
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What is the main way COVID-19 spreads?

Reading numerous news articles about COVID-19, I got confused as to what is its main transmission route. In particular, I am confused as to whether it is direct landing of respiratory droplets in ...
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Can this product kill coronavirus?

I'm really really confused what product to buy to clean my laptop body to disinfect it from coronavirus. Like most doctors say use 60-70% alcohol based sanitizers to clean your hands. So does it ...
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Study type/design used in an coronavirus article?

I came across an article given here While I was reading the article, I wasn't able to find the study type/ design? Can you please help me find out what is the study design/type here? Meaning we ...
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Is it possible that inhaling copper vapor, in some form, can help in treating a bacterial or viral infection of the lung? [closed]

There are many studies showing the antimicrobial properties of copper. Based on these properties, is it possible that inhaling copper vapor, in some form, can help in treating a bacterial or viral ...
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If I get COVID-19, can I get cured by myself?

Suppose I get infected by COVID-19. I am a healthy person but with weight issues, according to the standard weight tables. Can my immune system cure me by itself? That is, without the need of ...
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Why would someone, healthy and 10-39 years old, infected with covid-19 might die?

From https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus we can see that a person between 10 and 39 years old has a probability of 0.2% of dying, which is very low but meaningful. See also this table below for ...
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Is standing apart 2m an appropriate Social Distancing measure for choirs

In our choir, we are discussing measures to slow the spread of the novel Coronavirus in our community. However, I lack understanding about how the virus spreads in a closed room. The German Public ...
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Do pharmacies' terminals spread infections?

Everybody who's purchasing medicine in a pharmacy has to write a signature on a touchscreen payment terminal, either with his/her finger or by using the stylos attached to the terminal. This practice ...
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Do tooth infections pockets build pressure?

Here is a strange situation that happened these days. I had an infection in a tooth that had a root canal and a post with a crown. The infection was there for a while and these days, the whole thing (...
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Does drinking water constantly protect against coronavirus infection?

At least in Poland there is an SMS people send to each other that warns one should be constantly drinking water, at least a few gulps every 15 mins to protect oneself against viral infection. ...
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Does viral load of the initial infection affect its severity?

If someone gets infected by a droplet containing a high load of the virus would he be more likely to develop more severe symptoms compared to someone who gets infected by a droplet containing a very ...
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Will 70% isopropyl alcohol deactivate i.e. kill COVID-19?

Today the CDC released an official list of what kills the COVID-19 virus but the list does not mention 70% isopropyl alcohol. This is a fairly basic disinfectant and it seems it should have been on ...
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Are motorcycle helmets effective in preventing Corona?

Can a full-head helmet with the visor closed prevent getting infected by the Corona virus during a casual interaction with a carrier? For example, when buying something at a store or discussing ...
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1answer
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Side-effects or other medical conditions for diabetic patients

I have a database of diabetic patients and their medication/lab test data as well. 1) I am planning to run a simple analysis like finding out incidence rate example: amongst the T2DM patients that I ...
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T2DM medication treatment pathway

I am looking at the T2DM medications specified here and have a few questions about them. 1) Why don't I see drugs like Troglitazone, Tolazamide, Acarbose, Acetohexamide, Chlorpropramide, Miglitol? ...
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What is the danger of a persistent gestational sac and other post abortion remains?

If a woman has a failed pregnancy (failed after 6 weeks but discovered after 14 weeks, during the first ultrasound) and opts for a medical abortion, but after two rounds of misoprostol (one week apart,...
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T2DM diagnosis vs disorder due to T2DM diagnosis?

I have a database of diabetic patients. Mostly 80 % are T2DM patients. Now I would like to identify the T2DM patients based on their conditions reported. I mean when patients visit hospital (diabetic ...
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1answer
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How to interpret diabetic complications?

I have a database of diabetic patients. Mostly 80 % are T2DM patients. Now I would like to identify the T2DM patients based on their conditions reported. I mean when patients visit hospital (diabetic ...
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Are there probiotics for upper respiratory tract tissue?

If the lungs can be subject to bacterial infection, why do there not exist beneficial probiotics that live in lung tissue to combat "bad" bacteria proliferation?
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1answer
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What is daily sedation interruption for ventilated patients?

I was reading about ventilator bundle here and came across this term called Daily Sedation Interruption. Does this term mean break in giving the sedation drugs? How can this help in reducing the ...
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1answer
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T2DM Fasting glucose level - extreme cases

I am working on clinical data analysis and currently dealing with T2DM patients. When I look at their Fasting glucose level readings, I see that their values range from 0.9 mmol\L to 64 mmol\L The ...
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1answer
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Do patients with VAE stay in ICU for longer time?

I was reading online that people when put in ICU under mechanical ventilation, can develop Ventilated Associated Events. What I would like to know is: does the stay in ICU increase for people who ...
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1answer
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Fluid balance range for human

I am working on clinical data analysis with patients from icu who are mechanically ventilated and in ICU for 4 or more days. Currently I tried to calculate their fluid balance based on the input and ...
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Kettlebell juggling and transfer of deseases

Kettlebell jugglers all have friction-made blisters on their palms. Gloves are forbidden by the rules. Well one juggler takes the handle of the kettlebell and throws it to the other. This is how ...
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What's the primary body entrance + surface of infection for catching the flu?

I realize there are multiple ways, but if you tallied up all the people who caught the flu or a cold last year, what would be the majority... Entrance for infection: Mouth Nose Eyes Ears Skin Bio ...
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How useful are incubation periods when making a diagnosis of an infectious disease?

Incubation periods are one of the many facts that we are expected to learn in medical school. However, I wonder how often they are used in diagnosing an infection because I do not think patients have ...
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1answer
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Can a runny nose “Shoot Blanks”?

Every time i have a runny nose I'm comforting myself by thinking "It's ok, the body is getting rid of pathogens now" But is that really the case ? does every 'drop' of nasal mucus contain pathogens ?
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Should a person with warts avoid baths to avoid the spread of HPV to other body parts?

The cause of warts in general is the Human papillomavirus, or HPV for short. If I understand it correctly, HPV causes both genital warts and warts on toes. Does this mean that if a person with a wart ...
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High White blood cell count without fever

Is it possible / likely that a critically ill patient with a blood infection and high white blood cell count of 45,000 could be without fever? Thanks.
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Publication on the contamination of used needels by addicts

I am looking for scientific publications on the likelyhood to get infected with a specific disease by used needles which were thrown away by careless addicts. Which viruses can be found statistically ...
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Have replacement anatomical parts with silver electroplating hit the market and do they eliminate infection concerns?

According to this study from 2005 of the viability of silver plated replacement anatomical devices there appeared to be great promise. Has this promise come true? Are they available now and are they ...
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Would an operating theater ringed with green plants increase infection risk or reduce it?

I believe that the filtering and oxygen production of green plants is well established. Do those plants NASA approves for air filtration "emit" anything other than clean oxygen and perhaps benign ...
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1answer
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Varicella vaccine UK, benefits vs risk

first question on medicine stackexchange so apologies if formatting isn't right. My specific questions are If vaccinated <5 years old, is the vaccine still likely to be protective at childbearing ...