Questions tagged [cancer]

The disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body or when describing a malignant growth or tumor resulting from the division of abnormal cells.

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16 views

Are there stem cell based treatment options for Hormone Receptor positive Breast cancer?

For ER-positive, PR-positive, HER2 neu-Negative metastatic breast cancer, the following protocol is followed it seems, but is there any Stem cell based treatment that should be undertaken before any ...
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Barrett's esophagus (BO) and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs)

I have come across an interview with a European gastroenterologist (apparently from 2006) where he argues that in cases where a reflux disease does not cause typical symptoms even the presence of a ...
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basil cancer on outer ear-tight glasses maybe the cause? [closed]

Can tight glasses cut the circulation to the outer ear? Thus making the outer ear fresh oxygen blood starved and it then be more susceptible to basil cancer? i have currently been diagnosed with basil ...
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Understanding cancer

I am a lay person who wants a broad technical understanding of cancer including a survey of types, their etiologies, epidemiology, treatment modalities, prognoses, and current state of the art ...
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Help me understand these descriptions of coal tar

I have read the Wikipedia article on coal tar. I started reading the article thinking that the principal use of it was in construction, such as in roofs and sealed roads. I found out that it was first ...
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How much hazardous is cell site to our health?

A telephone company is installing a cell tower (cellular base station-antenna) 40 meters from my house (right in front of my house). The first thing I am concerning about is its effect to our health. ...
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Can Telomers be tampered with using Nano technology? [closed]

Can Telomers be tampered with using Nano particles or nano robots that can be artificially used to CAUSE cancer? I happen to run into this website Talking about nano technology based cancer research. ...
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Is an annual stomach x-ray (barium meal) an acceptable radiation risk for a resident of Japan?

I live in Japan. Here, it is common for an annual health checkup to include a barium meal stomach x-ray, especially for people over 35, but sometimes younger. A gastroenterologist told me that this ...
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What is the difference of a physician specializing in cytology and a physician specializing in medical genetics?

Is cell biology much broader than just genetics or am I conjecturing nonsense? Who is the specialist in the molecular biology of cancer? I am a cancer patient since 16, a medical student aiming for ...
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Cancer Drugs that Interfere with Glucose Uptake

I have been reading about certain compounds that inhibit tumor development by means of interfering with GLUT1 transporters. (Eg: https://www.caymanchem.com/pdfs/19900.pdf) I was wondering if there ...
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Where might “Counter side Ax” be located? (Description of tumor location)

From a clinical trial article: The table describes the locations in which breast cancer tumors recurred in patients. I think that Ax means "axillary" or "axilla", but I don't understand the whole ...
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Meaning of “Chest wall, Sp, Ps” in a description of tumor recurrence locations

From a clinical trial report: I think that Ps stands for parasternal (nodes) but what could Sp mean? I haven't found a mention of "Sp" in the literature by googling for about 20 minutes. P.S. ...
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How is “histologically invasive diameter” assessed in live patients?

Quote: A total of 34 patients were registered between July 2009 and June 2012. The mean age was 53.5 years. The median follow-up time was 23.7 months (2-24 months). The age at the time of ...
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Meaning of “platinum sensitivity and primary PFI being repowered as prognostic factors”

Quote from a clinical trial report: Recurrence eventually affects 70–80% of patients with advanced epithelial ovar-ian cancer [2, 22], with platinum sensitivity and primary PFI being repowered as ...
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What is the purpose of the “observation cohort” in a clinical trial?

Quote from a clinical trial report (JGOG3022 trial): Patients who were scheduled to receive bevacizumab concomitantly with platinum-based combination chemotherapy after PDS or IDS were included in ...
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The Ethics of extra treatment

This is something that I have been considering for quite a while based on a fictional story I had read. An unconscious individual must undergo emergency surgery in order to stabilise them and prevent ...
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52 views

Isn't “epithelial carcinoma” a tautological term? Are there non-epithelial carcinomas?

From "Bevacizumab combined with platinum–taxane chemotherapy as first-line treatment for advanced ovarian cancer: a prospective observational study of safety and efficacy in Japanese patients (...
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What study materials can a layperson use to gain a deeper understanding of lung cancer?

I am an outsider to the medical sciences, yet now in desperate need of knowledge to help a family member with lung cancer navigate the difficult medical system in our country. I would like to develop ...
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Can tumor size (T) and presence of cancer in the lymph nodes (N) in patients with lung cancer be identified on the first visit?

I am a scientific researcher working on lung cancer. I am trying to develop a machine learning method able to process just few early detection features and then predict if a patient with lung cancer ...
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What is the mechanism behind the association between azathioprine use and a higher risk of developing lymphoma?

We know that use of azathioprine and other thiopurines is associated with a small but statistically significant increase in the risk of developing lymphoma, as shown in [1] and several other easily ...
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How is hereditary cancer risk estimated?

Consider the following example: Suppose X is a person whose mother Y died of cancer (breast) after undergoing treatment for 13 years. The doctors had said that Y could have lived 15 years but ...
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Cancer treatment's effect on societal life expectancy [closed]

How much has the development of cancer treatments contributed to improve improvements in societal life expectancy over the last several decades? Another way to ask my question: if all cancer ...
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226 views

Does Nicotine cause Cancer?

It is believed by many that Nicotine causes cancer, and passively vaping may also cause cancer due to the nicotine content. My research into the idea whilst looking at questions such as Does '...
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Do soft drinks cause cancer?

Is it true that by drinking soft drinks alone, you increase your chances of developing cancer because from what I know, many soft drinks boast 0 calorie drinks and do not contain any known carcinogens....
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Does a cancer survivor have a higher than average risk of future cancer?

With no recurrence five years after treatment, does a person have average risk of a future cancer ( considered in context of the persons demographics )? Would the risk be affected by the type of ...
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Possibilities after stage IV melanoma diagnosis [closed]

My aunt is 62 and was diagnosed last november with stage IV metastatic melanoma. She had an operation to get a tumor removed and is undergoing an immunotherapy treatment that I believe is ...
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Cancer Life Expectancy

I understand there is data for 5/10 year survival rates for different cancers. Is there any data on survival rates for survivors? IE what is the patient's 5 year survival rate, given no recurrence in ...
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How likely is it that when leukemia relapses it is resistant to treatment?

I know that resistant cancer subpopulations can survive cancer therapies and be responsible for a relapse, but I can't find hard numbers on how often this happens to patients. How likely is it for ...
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57 views

Is it possible to get cancer after taking iron supplement of 100mg for 4 days [closed]

I took iron supplements of 100mg ferrous ascorbate for 4 days but since day 3 I experienced black stools and strange pain during bowel movement plus got hemorrhoids so I stopped it immediately after ...
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Health risk associated with living close to a power line: Cancer risk & exposure to electromagnetic field

Is there reason to be concerned about living in a home/apartment that is directly facing a power line? A google search (general and google scholar) seems to suggest that there is minimal risk but I ...
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Is Cow Milk unhealthy?

My Vegan friend tells me that dairy products and cow milk are actually unhealthy. He says that drinking milk increases the risk of getting cancer and that it actually impedes the bone's intake of ...
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What is the current status of cancer-related research? [closed]

Cancer might be the most studied medical condition of all (I don't know if it's actually true, but it sure sounds like it), as it is such a complex and diverse disease. Scientists all over the world ...
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Can radiotherapy cause “chemo brain”?

As above, can radiotherapy cause "chemo brain"? For example, can radiation treatment for prostate cancer cause "chemo brain" years later?
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Imazalil on citrus fruits

Imazalil is a fungicide, dangerous for our health. Widely used in agriculture, e.g. you can find Imazalil on lemons. But it's no clear at all to me if risks are associated with eating, breathing, ...
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Immune system recovery from chemo

I'd like to know if your immune system will recover from chemo (e.g. after x years), or will your immune system forever be weakened/compromised from chemotherapy?
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256 views

My fruit punch Gatorade has a new warning label saying that it is genetically engineered

I drink fruit punch Gatorade pretty often - once to three times a week, I'd say. Tonight, my bottle has a new warning label on it, written in boldface: Partially produced with genetic ...
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As of Apr. 2018, is topical benzyl peroxide considered to be carcinogenic?

Please notify me of any more recent studies than this from 1995, whose abstract states: Topical benzoyl peroxide has been used in the treatment of acne for over 30 years, with no reports of adverse ...
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133 views

What ingredient or substance makes paan addictive?

Today in many Asian countries but especially in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh there is an excessive use of paan by men and women alike. Some people eat more then five paans a day. Despite the fact ...
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How does cancer radiotherapy target only cancer cells?

I read about cancer treatment where the patient would be given radiation to kill cancer cells. How do they make sure that it affects mostly the cancer cells? Moreover how do they manage it so that it ...
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Is the association between red meat and cancer caused by typically searing red meat?

A recently discussed trend in news and medicine is the association between eating greater levels of red meat and incidence of certain types of cancer. Seeing as meat is typically seared, and the ...
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966 views

Does relighting a cigarette have a harsher effect on your health?

From the Cancer Institute of New Jersey: According to Michael Steinberg, MD, MPH, FACP, a member of The Cancer Institute of New Jersey and director of the Tobacco Dependence Program, who is the ...
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Can chronic prostate be a risk factor of prostate cancer for patients?

I have learned from the internet that chronic prostatitis can last for a long time without cure, can this disease arise prostate cancer to patients?
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Does the Warburg effect have any relevance to the effective treatment of cancer with diet?

There's a book by Thomas Seyfried, a professor of biology, that claims cancer is a metabolic disease and that it can be treated with diet, specifically a ketogenic diet as aberrant mitchondria are ...
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Why can't Jane give blood?

I have a friend, lets call her Jane. Jane is not allowed to give blood, this is because she has a medical condition whereby she is prone to having polyps in her digestive system. As I understand this ...
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Is there evidence that humans should fast intermittently daily for 16 hours because it is healthy in general?

There is a big fasting boom on the internet, but it is hard to sift through the claims of fitness and health bloggers and the real evidence. I have spent hours reading studies on fasting - it is ...
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Is the kids moon disease a skin cancer?

Dry pigmented skin or kids moon Xeroderma pigmentosum is a genetic disease that was first discovered in 1870 by Dr. Moritz Kaposi, a product of the loss of oxygen-deficient ribosome DNA, in its ...
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87 views

Can ear cancer occur?

I often hear cancers of skin, glands, eye and other organs. Is there an ear cancer?
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Can Crizalk 250mg cause extreme forgetfulness?

For an ALK positive (anaplastic lymphoma kinase) lung cancer, is extreme forgetfulness or any other memory related issues a recognised adverse side effect of treatment with Crizotinib?
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What if you eat meat with cancer? [closed]

I saw a picture on Facebook about butcher's cutting out cancer when processing meat. If consumed, would it be dangerous to us? Can we get sick? I'm assuming the body's immune system would recognize ...
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Is it possible to deliberately get cancer?

Is it possible to deliberately get cancer? Maybe injecting a malignant tumor? I'm asking this just out of curiosity.