Questions tagged [infection]

Questions regarding the ability of organisms to cause illness or disease in the body upon entering and multiplying in it should use this tag. It may be a virus, bacterium, parasite or other organism which uses the body as a host to the host's detriment. Some infections are subclinical or result in carrier states. Symbiosis is not considered an infection.

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18 views

Is there a simple way to quantify viral content beeing exhaled by a person potentially independent of the specific virus type?

As far as I have understood it, persons who have contacted virusses (that are to a substantial part transmitted through the air, such as covid-19) tend to be only or most strong infectuous during a ...
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1answer
115 views

Does viral load of the initial COVID-19 infection affect its severity?

If someone gets infected by a droplet containing a high load of the SARS-CoV-2 virus would he be more likely to develop more severe symptoms compared to someone who gets infected by a droplet ...
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What causes the long tiredness caused by the infectious mononucleosis disease (by the Epstein-Barr virus)?

Of course to cure from a fever in general takes already time to recover from, but in the kissing disease it takes often much longer (sometimes even years) and the tiredness is much more a symptom of ...
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21 views

Length of stay vs Acute length of stay in a hospital

I came across a term called Acute length of stay recently from a medical dataset hosted in Kaggle [here] 1 While I understand that the usual length of stay is given by the formula date of discharge - ...
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1answer
75 views

Is open air spraying of disinfectant irritating the respiratory system and therefore increasing risk of infection such as COVID-19?

Recent articles and news items showed groups of people (mainly in Asia) spraying whole cities with disinfectant (as shown on a photo below). Apart from questions about the used substances, dose, ...
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Are ear infections more likely when visiting high altitudes?

We recently took our toddler to the Alps, and I was surprised when multiple people asked me if I was worried about her getting an ear infection due to the high altitude (the highest point was 2770 m). ...
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Solve SIR in continuous or discrete form, which one is more accurate in epidemiology sense

Oftentimes, SIR model is used in epidemiology to model infection. Based on the model form, the original SIR model is continuous, and strictly should be solved with continous ode solver. However, it ...
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Is it possible to increase viral load and COVID-19 disease severity through subsequent infectious doses? [closed]

There is potentially a causal chain leading from high initial infectious dose to high viral load to high disease severity for COVID-19. See, for example, evidence surveyed here. However, once someone ...
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1answer
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Are H. Pylori infections the most common cause of both gastric and duodenal ulcers? Is the urea breath test a useful diagnostic for both kinds?

H. pylori infections are a frequent cause of peptic ulcers, and a positive result from a urea breath test indicating the likely presence of H. pilori may be followed by treatment that includes one or ...
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What is the risk of meningitis after nasal hair plucking?

I heard board-certified dermatologist Dr. Sandra Lee (aka Dr. Pimple Popper) refer to a Nasolabial triangle as the "triangle of danger" on one of her tv show episodes. Re-reading the ...
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1answer
127 views

Are there known outdoor super spreader events for COVID-19? Are there *any* known outdoor infections at all?

The title says it all: Are there known outdoor events or gatherings where the virus was spread to a large number of persons? We know of many indoor super spreader events (choirs, bars, private parties ...
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Do comorbidities that have an important negative impact for COVID-19 patients are generally affecting patients with viral infections?

I have often seen in media about the comorbidities that make things worse for a COVID-19 patient. The most often mentioned are hypertension and diabetes as also mentioned in this article: From what ...
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Which HPV types are detectable by the immune system to remove it from body?

Some resources (like WHO) says that HPV can be cleared by the immune system as the following. WHO There are many types of HPV, and many do not cause problems. HPV infections usually clear up without ...
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1answer
487 views

Is it possible to remove HPV from the body by strengthening the immune system?

I saw some content which says HPV can be removed from the body by strengthening the immune system: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/surv-manual/chpt05-hpv.html Most HPV infections are transient and ...
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How soon after a small skin cut will the skin restore its bacteria/virus defense?

I am asking in the context of preventing STD transmission via small cuts in the hand as in the image : https://thumbs.dreamstime.com/b/cut-finger-wound-closeup-human-hand-hurt-bleeding-healthcare-...
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How long does it take for the COVID-19 antibody to disappear?

I saw a news article says; 90 days after the infection with ncov19, several patients had no detectable antibodies in their bloodstream. This seems to be one of their evidence that immunity against ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the main way COVID-19 spreads?

Reading numerous news articles about COVID-19, I got confused as to what is its main transmission route. In particular, I am confused as to whether it is direct landing of respiratory droplets in ...
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Are cruise-ships and nursing-homes really hotspots for Covid-19 morbidity? [closed]

The press seems to suggest that cruise-ships and nursing-homes are hotspots for Covid-19 morbidity. Is that really so? And if so, are there common denominators between the two?
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Does getting the cold constantly build defense? [closed]

Since it's molecule format changes every year or so, does it even matter (in terms of resistance) that you had it last year?
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Is the common cold deadly to a suppressed immune system?

If you were taking an immune system suppressant such as Prograf (Tacrolimus) for a long period of time would a virus like the common cold linger in the body and cause infection over time and possibly ...
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1answer
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Does a fungal infection transmit in swimming pools?

I've contracted a fungal infection on my nails. My doctor told me not to swim in swimming pools but in the ocean/lake, because swimming pools would make the infection worse and it could transmit to ...
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Presentation of LSS / MAMSAS or MMN (asymmetric CIPD variants) in patients with HIV?

I'm having trouble finding any information about occurrence of CIDP variants (specifically asymmetric presentations of CIPD e.g LSS / MAMSAS or MMN (multifocal motor neuropathy) in patients with HIV. ...
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Are there diseases for which infection does not grant lasting immunity but a vaccine does?

There has been a lot of discussion about whether people who have COVID-19 and recover will have long-lasting immunity. At the same time, work is underway to create a vaccine for this disease. But if ...
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Seboorrheic Dermatitis, Fungi, Environmental Factors

How can seborrheic dermatitis not be caused by poor hygiene as the assotiation for dermatology said? Wouldn't poor hygiene at least aggravate the condition? The treatment is mainly antifungal. And ...
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Is it dangerous to share toothpaste? [closed]

Can a person get some dangerous disease (Hepatitis, HIV, etc) from another person by sharing a toothpaste with them?
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What is the definition of STI? (formely STD) [duplicate]

We know that for laymen, an STI (sexually transmitted infection) is something that can spread via sexual activities. However, there are some infections that can spread sexually but is not considered ...
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1answer
134 views

If I get COVID-19, can I get cured by myself?

Suppose I get infected by COVID-19. I am a healthy person but with weight issues, according to the standard weight tables. Can my immune system cure me by itself? That is, without the need of ...
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2answers
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Would the human seasonal coronaviruses be just as deadly as COVID-19 in a population with no prior immunity?

Presuming that we were able to find a person who was never exposed to any of the human seasonal coronaviruses (part of the viruses that cause the common cold), would the virus be just as deadly for ...
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Voluntaries to get rid of Covid-19 [closed]

What are the requirements for anyone who wants to come to the USA as a volunteer to find a cure to Coronavirus ? Im not afraid if i get infected or die. I just want to do something that is worth ...
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1answer
70 views

Does the virus causing COVID-19, the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 stop being infectious when it is dry? [closed]

There are studies on the persistence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus on surfaces. These studies aim to find out how long a surface remains infectious to humans. As far as I understand, it is not determined ...
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1answer
125 views

What are the genetic predispositions, if any, for covid-19?

What are the genetic predispositions, if any, for covid-19? For example, https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1258244/Coronavirus-symptoms-COVID19-susceptibility-genetic-transmission-latest-...
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3answers
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Are motorcycle helmets effective in preventing Corona?

Can a full-head helmet with the visor closed prevent getting infected by the Corona virus during a casual interaction with a carrier? For example, when buying something at a store or discussing ...
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2answers
110 views

Can you recover from COVID-19, and then be reinfected so as to be a danger to other people?

Assuming I've contracted COVID-19 this January and made a full recovery and the antibodies have already left my body again. Now, I come into contact with someone who is sick and I inhale some COVID-19 ...
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3answers
5k views

If a SARS-CoV-2 asymptomatic infected individual is exposed to a high viral load, could they develop COVID-19 disease?

I would add my own research if I could to respect site rules, but I can't. There are no studies on SARS-CoV-2, all I can find is for SARS-CoV-1 and some Chinese information based studies. My ...
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1answer
37 views

Do gloves offer extra protection in general against a COVID-19 infection?

For people who neither are medical personnel, nor in any related field like geriatic care, what kind of protection would gloves provide? I mind people in their daily activities like shopping or using ...
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1answer
51 views

A study about blood differences and the risk for COVID-19

On healthline it's mentioned a recent study that came out of Wuhan, China; it’s published on a website, but hasn’t yet been reviewed by peers. In the study, scientists looked at the blood types of ...
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1answer
36 views

Use of antibiotics with chest infections

I would like to have a confusing part of medicine cleared up. My experience of medical intervention is as follows. As pointed out in the answer to Does taking antibiotics make you immune to virus? ...
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24 views

Is it possible that inhaling copper vapor, in some form, can help in treating a bacterial or viral infection of the lung? [closed]

There are many studies showing the antimicrobial properties of copper. Based on these properties, is it possible that inhaling copper vapor, in some form, can help in treating a bacterial or viral ...
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2answers
888 views

Is it possible that COVID-19 virus exist in a human body, but be absent from samples taken from nose and back of throat?

As specified in this link, COVID-19 tests start with taking samples from the nose or back or throat of people. Based on growth rate of this disease, I thought what if those samples are not positive (...
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1answer
73 views

How can there be a level of HIV viral load that will make infecting others impossible?

I just read about a court case where someone was acquitted for "being dangerous to the surrounding" by having unprotected sex when diagnosed with HIV. The reasoning was that since this person was ...
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2answers
17k views

Will 70% isopropyl alcohol deactivate i.e. kill COVID-19?

Today the CDC released an official list of what kills the COVID-19 virus but the list does not mention 70% isopropyl alcohol. This is a fairly basic disinfectant and it seems it should have been on ...
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1answer
181 views

Can this product kill coronavirus?

I'm really really confused what product to buy to clean my laptop body to disinfect it from coronavirus. Like most doctors say use 60-70% alcohol based sanitizers to clean your hands. So does it ...
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19 views

Study type/design used in an coronavirus article?

I came across an article given here While I was reading the article, I wasn't able to find the study type/ design? Can you please help me find out what is the study design/type here? Meaning we ...
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Why would someone, healthy and 10-39 years old, infected with covid-19 might die?

From https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus we can see that a person between 10 and 39 years old has a probability of 0.2% of dying, which is very low but meaningful. See also this table below for ...
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1answer
102 views

Is standing apart 2m an appropriate Social Distancing measure for choirs

In our choir, we are discussing measures to slow the spread of the novel Coronavirus in our community. However, I lack understanding about how the virus spreads in a closed room. The German Public ...
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26 views

Do pharmacies' terminals spread infections?

Everybody who's purchasing medicine in a pharmacy has to write a signature on a touchscreen payment terminal, either with his/her finger or by using the stylos attached to the terminal. This practice ...
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1answer
136 views

Does drinking water constantly protect against coronavirus infection?

At least in Poland there is an SMS people send to each other that warns one should be constantly drinking water, at least a few gulps every 15 mins to protect oneself against viral infection. ...
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Do tooth infections pockets build pressure?

Here is a strange situation that happened these days. I had an infection in a tooth that had a root canal and a post with a crown. The infection was there for a while and these days, the whole thing (...
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1answer
44 views

Do patients with VAE stay in ICU for longer time?

I was reading online that people when put in ICU under mechanical ventilation, can develop Ventilated Associated Events. What I would like to know is: does the stay in ICU increase for people who ...
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1answer
96 views

Why stomach ulcer need more than one antibiotic at the same time?

Almost all treatment recommendation for gastritis, duodenitis or peptic ulcer that has Helicobacter pylori, calls for 2 or 3 antibiotic at the same time, why is that ? Why not use a single effective ...