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Questions tagged [epidemiology]

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Intra-atrial thrombosis epidemiology

I have searched without much luck about this question: What are the epidemiological data about intra-atrial thrombosis? All I’ve found are epidemiological data about benign and malign tumors, but I ...
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Enquiry on literature on level of alcohol consumption associated with onset of Alcohol Use Disorder

The literature on the relative risks of mortality (all cause and cardiovascular) of different levels (volumes) of alcohol use or consumption (operationalised here in terms of Quantity-Frequency ...
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During the GMEP of 1955-1968: “malaria had been eliminated in 35 countries” versus “15 countries and one territory eliminated malaria”

In one source, it is claimed that, during the Global Malaria Eradication Program (GMEP) of 1955-1968 "malaria had been eliminated in 35 countries". In another source, it is claimed that, during this ...
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Why is HIV singled out from other STIs?

If HIV is an STI, then why is HIV often listed separately? Examples: HIV & Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact sheet STDs and HIV – CDC Fact Sheet What You Need To Know About the Links Between ...
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Quantify third-hand smoke exposure risk

Are there any reliable reviews which quantify the risk associated with third hand smoke exposure? (For example in terms of second hand smoke exposure risk) The scientific literature I've read so far ...
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What is the relationship between susceptibility to subclinical secondary immune response and susceptibility to colonization?

Damien, Scheider, and Muller 1998 looks at susceptibility to secondary immune response in vaccinated and unvaccinated people. Is it reasonable to infer, from susceptibility to subclinical secondary ...
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Vaccines and autoimmunity concerns

Medical papers/books exist linking vaccines to autoimmunity yet I am not able to decide whether they should be considered sound and peer reviewed scientific studies or not. Some examples are: "rare ...
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Incidence of anisakidosis in Japan

In Japan where raw fish are frequently eaten with no anti-parasite processing the infection of the nematode Anisakiasis became a required reportable diagnosis in 2012. Nevertheless, only 89 cases were ...
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Calculate U.S. life expectancy for 2025?

This is the hard data on incidence of specific diseases for the year 1995 and (projected) 2025. I have omitted chronic diseases as a group, although they are projected to increase from 90 million (...
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Was “patient zero” a concept used in epidemiology before 1980s HIV investigation?

This question may possibly be a fit for English Language or History stackexchange. Recently it was widely reported in the media about the results of new genetic testing of early HIV samples. The ...
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Washing hands after going to the washroom to prevent epidemy

There is widespread agreement that one should wash its hands after going to the washroom. However, a large fraction of the population does not wash their hands. These types of signs became fairly ...
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Epidemic and outbreak of Disease

What are the differences between an epidemic and an outbreak? Both words mean unexpected or unusual occurrence of the disease. Can someone explain the difference between them?