Questions tagged [sars-cov-2]

SARS-CoV-2 is the scientific name given by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses to the virus that causes the disease Covid-19 or coronavirus disease 2019.

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How effective are reused surgical masks?

Let's say I have used a surgical mask multiple times. And say I left it on a safe place, untouched, for three days which is the longest that viable SARS-CoV-2 has been found on different materials (...
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Is it true that half of the COVID-19 patients, even seemingly without symptoms, obtain serious heart damage?

In this video, complex systems expert and physicist-turned-epidemiologist Yaneer Bar-Yam claims that according to recent findings, about half of the people that have been infected with COVID-19 will ...
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Cross-replication association

In a genomic study of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2, scientifics detected cross-replicating associations with rs11385942 at locus 3p21.31 , the association signal spanned the genes SLC6A20, LZTFL1,...
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Why are government decisions being led by the number of COVID CASES (as opposed to actual deaths)? [closed]

Since the early days of COVID-19, when very little information was available regarding this new virus, we now have an abundance of data. Data such as: Cases recorded, per nation, per time period ...
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How does ELISA test for COVID antibodies detect antibodies specific to SARS-CoV-2?

I know how ELISA can be used to detect particular antigens by using antibodies specific to the antigen. How is it being used to detect SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies? I realise that one possible ...
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Why isn't COVID-19 just called SARS-2? Isn't it a second SARS? [duplicate]

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a disease caused by SARS-CoV—the "SARS CoronaVirus". We now have a second disease caused by a second coronavirus, which we call SARS-CoV-2. So why ...
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Is an “asymptomatic COVID-19 case” a misnomer?

I've seen references to asymptomatic COVID-19 cases, and am wondering if this is incorrect use of the term. If COVID-19 is the disease caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, then aren't truly ...
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What's the probability of catching COVID-19 more than once?

In this YouTube video Can you catch coronavirus more than once? l GMA Digital the doctor says that "we don't really know yet". Assuming that the answer could be yes, what's the probability ...
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Who's RNA does the rRT-PCR test for SARS-CoV-2 target?

The official guide for laboratory testing for coronavirus disease in suspected human cases by the WHO explains the procedure for testing a sample. On page two it states that the test is based on ...
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What is the principal goal in pooled COVID-19 testing?

Pooled testing for COVID-19 is being considered as a method to ramp up testing Stat News. Apparently this is being considered by the White House coronavirus team. It's not clear to me what the goal of ...
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What's the fastest COVID-19 test available?

This video 1 minute COVID-19 test talks about a 1 minute COVID-19 testing which isn't available to the public yet. In the market and online, you can find fast COVID-19 tests which deliver the result ...
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What is the long-term COVID-19 outlook?

Finding a cure for the common cold has long been an unattainable holy grail of medicine. The common cold is caused by over 200 different strains of viruses (Common cold - Wikipedia). The viruses ...
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False Positive PCR - COVID-19 and possible reinfection when antibodies value is +7.0

A friend of mine was detected COVID-19 positive through PCR one month back. He was asymptotic as per doctors and had no symptoms. He quarantined himself and increased his intake of water. After 1 ...
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Is the SARS-CoV-2 that causes COVID-19 the only known virus that enters the cells via the ACE2 receptors?

I am just curious if the virus is unique in the sense that it enters the ACE2 receptors in the human body and kills the cell. This receptor is located over the entire body. Is this the only virus ...
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Is there any information on the lifespan of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies?

Like all cells, antibodies die off after a period of time. A human body may (or not) be able to efficiently replace or replicate these antibodies. Whether the original antibodies were generated ...
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Is it helpful for the average citizen (non medical professionals) to wear gloves and disinfect them instead of disinfecting the bare hands?

In the last months I have seen lots of articles about wearing masks and gloves to prevent the infecting yourself or others. In the case of the masks this is quite clear that we should wear them, but ...
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Why does CDC's RT-PCR protocol for Covid-19 use the N gene, but the Charite one the E gene and RdRp?

The Charite protocol mentioned among other things that Of note, the N gene assay also performed well but was not subjected to intensive further validation because it was slightly less sensitive. ...
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What does it mean to say a population has “low levels of general immunity”?

The UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Yemen, Lisa Grande, is quoted in several places (e.g. this CBS news article as saying (emphasis mine): [SARS-CoV-2] is now in Yemen and may quickly spread. […] ...
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What information we have about transmission of COVID-19 in detail?

A lot of information we have how the COVID-19 virus spreads in general. But what do we know about the detected and proven way of transmission: about which items (door handles, plates, salad bar, ...) ...
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What is the minimal infectious dose (MID) of SARS-CoV-2?

Assuming the immune system is healthy, How much SARS-CoV-2 virus (cause of COVID-19) is required to make a person sick? This might also depend on time, if it was a high infectious dose but just some ...
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COVID-19: Is it possible to use the specimen collected through swabs for multiple tests

I am an engineer and currently doing some modeling of COVID-19 testing from a math perspective. I was reading through COVID-19 articles related to testing and I had the following doubt: If a ...
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Approximately, how much of protection one gets by using a face-mask-shield and a surgical-mask?

We know that face-mask-shield don't protect against droplet nuclei which float in the air, so one could end up infected, with COVID-19, even when wearing them. However the face-mask-shield plus a ...
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Can having other coronaviruses like HCoV-OC43 give positive results when testing for SARS-CoV-2? [closed]

Is it possible that a person having coronaviruses other than SARS-CoV-2 test positive for SARS-CoV-2 in rapid (antibody testing kits) as well as RT PCR tests? Searching around the internet didn't ...
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Research paper published SARS-CoV-2 persistence and durability

I know that there have been other papers published, but I was specifically looking for the one referenced by Bill Bryan, an undersecretary at the Homeland Security Department, in the press briefing ...
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COVID-19 Contact tracing- Is there any clarity on the duration of “contact”

I was somewhat surprised to hear that contract tracers are instructed to disregard contacts between an known infected person (positive tested) person and their contacts if the duration of a contact is ...
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Clinical implications of observed faster mutation rate of SARS-CoV-2 in group quarantine?

This was posted as a rapid communication on WHO's bulletin: 28 specimens of COVID-19 patients from the cruise with a 3 week quarantine period were collected in USA and Japan from February 10 to ...
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Degree of correlation between viral load and symptom severity in Covid-19?

Someone asked here a general/related (qualitative) question Does viral load of the initial infection affect its severity? but I'm interstested a more focused question regarding Covid-19: How well ...
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Why are Novel Coronavirus anitbody tests disparaged?

The Novel Coronavirus antibody test has been around since February 2020 when it was invented at a Chinese University. It can measure both IgM to show infection in progress and IgG to indicate full ...
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Why is developing a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine expected to take longer than developing the 1957 flu vaccine?

Maurice Hillman developed a vaccine for the 1957 flu pandemic that was ready within five months (1). One commonly hears that it will take at least 12-18 months in total to deploy a vaccine against ...
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What are the genetic predispositions, if any, for covid-19?

What are the genetic predispositions, if any, for covid-19? For example, https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1258244/Coronavirus-symptoms-COVID19-susceptibility-genetic-transmission-latest-...
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If a SARS-CoV-2 asymptomatic infected individual is exposed to a high viral load, could they develop COVID-19 disease?

I would add my own research if I could to respect site rules, but I can't. There are no studies on SARS-CoV-2, all I can find is for SARS-CoV-1 and some Chinese information based studies. My ...
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What is the clinical significance of the ACE2 receptor tropism of SARS-COV-2?

I understand that ACE2 functions as a receptor for SARS-CoV-2, so there are theoretical concerns to the use of ACE inhibitors as they might upregulate this receptor. This NEJM study was helpful to ...
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Possibility of using the virus instead of the spike protein for covid-19 immunisation using MNA delivery

I've read the article: https://www.upmc.com/media/news/040220-falo-gambotto-sars-cov2-vaccine regarding a prospective method of immunization against sars-cov-2 using the spike protein of the virus ...
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Why did COVID-19 spread so much faster than H1N1/09 in China?

Despite China's success in controlling the COVID-19 outbreak insofar, a March 31 Science paper that analyzes the response has this intriguing (and alarming) observation The dispersal of COVID-19 ...
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Other than death, what are the potential long-term health impacts on individuals infected with COVID-19?

There is a lot of concern about deaths resulting from or exacerbated by SARS-CoV-2 infections, but I can find little about the potential long-term health impacts on those who 'recover' (understandably,...
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Could COVID-19 be less “dangerous” by the pass of the time?

Could COVID-19 be less "dangerous" by the pass of the time, say for instance, on August? By dangerous I mean, less aggressive in terms of the symptoms, mortality, less probability of caught the virus,...
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Allowing persons having sars-cov-2 antibodies to move freely

Would it make sense from the public safety point of view to allow the persons already having the antibodies to move more freely than the persons not having the antibodies? Or it is more of an ethical ...
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Is there a way of administering the SARS-COV-2 virus safely? (as in a poor man's vaccine)

Knowing that the normal entry points of the virus to the body are the nose, mouth and eye: https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/modes-of-transmission-of-virus-causing-covid-19-...
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Would the human seasonal coronaviruses be just as deadly as COVID-19 in a population with no prior immunity?

Presuming that we were able to find a person who was never exposed to any of the human seasonal coronaviruses (part of the viruses that cause the common cold), would the virus be just as deadly for ...
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Does the virus causing COVID-19, the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 stop being infectious when it is dry? [closed]

There are studies on the persistence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus on surfaces. These studies aim to find out how long a surface remains infectious to humans. As far as I understand, it is not determined ...
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How is Lopinavir + Ritonavir expected to stop COVID-19?

There are four drugs being tested for effectiveness against COVID-19 in the SOLIDARITY trial. Three of them have obvious potential mechanisms of action: Remdesivir is an RNA polymerase inhibitor. ...
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What is known about transmission of coronaviruses through food?

I've seen a lot data about COVID-19 virus (SARS-CoV-2) on dry surfaces. But what about wet mediums, in particular food? In the West, it's easy enough to disinfect supermarket packages (before opening ...
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Can SARS-CoV-2 be a potential cause for Guillain-Barré syndrome?

According to Wikipedia :- ...Although the cause is unknown, the underlying mechanism involves an autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the peripheral nerves and ...
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Did SARS-CoV-2 spread into Japan, USA, Taiwan, and other countries from single super spreaders?

What's the data to inform us how this infection spread so quickly? It seems that the virus first appeared in around November 2019 in China and an infected person visited the seafood market in Huanan, ...
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Is it possible to detect the virus that causes the disease covid-19 with a regular 2500x microscope? [closed]

What equipment would you need to do to detect SARS-CoV-2 in a sample.
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How resistant to moist heat is SARS-CoV-2

At one of FB groups I have found the following figure: As the efficiency of disinfection methods has been tested against E. coli, I wonder, how resistant SARS-CoV-2 is? Is it safe to reuse FFP2/3 (...
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How long can SARS-CoV-2 persist on surfaces?

We are seeing different values for how long this virus can persist on surfaces with the more recent data suggesting: copper 4 hours, plastic & stainless steel 3 days and, other studies stainless ...
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Is there any upside of using N95 masks instead of N99 or N100 to protect against COVID-19?

One of the most commonly used masks/recommended to protect against COVID-19 is N95. Is there any upside of using N95 masks instead of N99 or N100 to protect against COVID-19? N95 which filter 95% of ...
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Are there reliable studies on the viability of the SARS-CoV-2 virus with respect to temperature?

There have been "suggestions" (facebook, media etc) that the novel coronavirus is heat sensitive. Specifically that the virus is "killed" or impotent when subjected to temperature of 77F. Are there ...
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What data is there for physicians to advise patients taking Ace Inhibitors during the COVID-19 pandemic?

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a membrane-bound aminopeptidase that has a vital role in the cardiovascular and immune systems4. ACE2 is involved in heart function and the development of ...