12 votes
Accepted

Is water an essential ingredient of alcohol based hand sanitizers?

Higher concentrations of alcohol are actually less effective (that Q&A is specific for isopropyl, but the same is true for ethanol, their mechanism of sterilization is the same), see also here. ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 14.1k
10 votes
Accepted

Is there an established recommended maximum intake of cigarettes?

Yes It’s zero. See: Doll, R., & Hill, A. B. (1950). Smoking and carcinoma of the lung; preliminary report. British medical journal, 2(4682), 739–748. doi: 10.1136/bmj.2.4682.739 pubmed central: ...
rhialto's user avatar
  • 316
9 votes

Has the (in)famous J-shaped curve with regard to alcohol consumption and life expectancy been finally disproven?

To date, there has been no randomized clinical trial of low‐volume alcohol consumption that has assessed any mortality outcome. Therefore, the literature about the mortality effects of alcohol ...
Narusan's user avatar
  • 6,911
5 votes

Why is some alcohol consumption healthier than no alcohol consumption?

While there is some evidence for what we call a J-shaped curve in the relationship between alcohol consumption and certain health outcomes, at best this evidence only suggests people who already drink ...
De Novo's user avatar
  • 3,178
5 votes

Food, recovered alcoholic and fallout

I am unaware of any medical study that indicates a drop of alcohol is sufficient to trigger a relapse on its own. Relapse is a complex phenomenon. The quote you provide sounds like it comes from a "...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 14.1k
5 votes

How does alcoholism technically (chemically) kill you?

On the chemical level, the toxicity of ethanol is mainly mediated by its breakdown product acetaldehyde. Alcohol is metabolized like this: ethanol → acetaldehyde → acetate &...
Jan's user avatar
  • 15.9k
5 votes
Accepted

How to explain the theory of the influence of purine and alcohol on the incidence of risk for gout in light of contradictory evidence?

How does one explain 'avoid purines in food' if purine-rich plant food isn't counting? Sustained increase in blood uric acid levels (hyperuricemia) is a risk factor for acute gouty arthritis (Current ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 15.9k
5 votes

Has the (in)famous J-shaped curve with regard to alcohol consumption and life expectancy been finally disproven?

No. "The J-curve" was not recently disproven, but the evidence for it slightly modified. The correlational observation is still that no and low amounts of drinking do not have seriously negative ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 6,907
5 votes
Accepted

Possible blood test after smoking weed

There are a variety of blood tests a medical provider could use. Your medical provider isn't going to do every blood test in existence on your blood, so if your only concern is about THC detection, ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 14.1k
5 votes
Accepted

Drinking alcohol after tick-borne encephalitis vaccine

No, you can't get encephalitis from the vaccine. According to a company that provides one brand of the vaccine: https://centrumcestovnimediciny.cz/en/prices-of-vaccines/encepur-for-adults/ On the ...
Carey Gregory's user avatar
  • 9,882
4 votes

Effects of microdosing alcohol on liver performance and the ability to metabolize toxins

What are effects of microdosing alcohol on the liver's ability to metabolize toxins? There seems to be no effect. Alcohol can induce the enzyme system CYP2E1 in the liver, which can speed up the ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 15.9k
4 votes
Accepted

I'm 21. Is having a beer 3-4 times a week detrimental to my long-term health?

1) Is my brain still in 'development'? It is. Your brain constantly grows until you are 25. According to recent findings, the human brain does not reach full maturity until at least the mid-20s. (...
Zerotime's user avatar
  • 211
4 votes
Accepted

What are the indications for ethanol?

Fomepizole is indeed the preferred treatment for methanol and ethylene glycol poisoning, but ethanol can be used if fomepizole is not available. Some doctors/ hospitals will treat alcohol withdrawal ...
Nate's user avatar
  • 1,271
4 votes
Accepted

Is drinking alcohol a form of energy intake?

There is some agreement that the calories and other nutrition data, except the percent of alcohol, do not need to be shown on the labels of alcoholic beverages. But these nutrition facts are listed ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 15.9k
4 votes
Accepted

Being drunk, how does vomiting help become responsive?

Vomiting does not restore alertness. It might rouse them from their stupor because of the physical activity it involves, but it does nothing specific to increase their level of consciousness. If ...
Carey Gregory's user avatar
  • 9,882
3 votes

Should one avoid consuming durians when drinking alcohol?

The answer is very probably yes, these findings were confirmed and one should avoid consuming durian fruit and alcohol. But interestingly, anyone tempted to try probably will avoid it anyway. The ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 6,907
3 votes

Law and Ethics - Refusing to treat intoxicated patients

If there's a field of medicine that deals with this issue more than any other, it's emergency medical services. Drunks are a daily staple for them, even in "nice" communities. So the following is ...
Carey Gregory's user avatar
  • 9,882
3 votes

Is the interaction between alcohol and benzodiazepines additive or multiplicative?

The common saying that alcohol (ethyl alcohol in alcoholic beverages) and benzodiazepines shouldn't be consumed together is well-recommended considering that both compounds fall under the Central ...
Testerx's user avatar
  • 411
3 votes

Can drinking alcohol release stored caffeine?

Caffeine is not stored in the body. For a normal person, peak concentration of caffeine in the bloodstream is reached between 30 minutes and 2 hours after consuming it. It's then metabolized with a ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 2,056
3 votes

how does alcohol damage the brain?

When drinking alcohol, the small water-soluble ethanol enters the bloodstream and moves around till it reaches the brain. Since it is a small molecule, it enters the blood-brain barrier and passes ...
Lamia Kouba's user avatar
3 votes

Is ethanol toxic to liver, in the absence of ethanol metabolites resulting from inhibiting alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH) enzyme?

Seems like you answered your own question. Lowering the threshold for intoxication lowers the threshold for toxicity. The likelihood of acute ethanol poisoning is increased by coadministering these ...
Brian Ó Maoláin's user avatar
3 votes

How soon can alcohol withdrawal symptoms (delirium tremens) start after cessation of alcohol intake?

It turns out that I just needed to dig in deeper. Per https://escholarship.org/uc/item/08b9z9th, "Because of the short action of ethanol (beverage alcohol), withdrawal symptoms usually begin ...
ZeusLives's user avatar
  • 171
2 votes

Pancreatitis and consumption of alcohol

In general, if the episode of acute pancreatitis was not due to alcohol consumption and has completely resolved, it would be relatively safe for an individual to resume limited alcohol consumption. ...
user2398029's user avatar
2 votes

How harmful is it to drink a mix of beverages?

The cumulative dose of ethanol is the actual issue, from the medical standpoint. However, if you start with beer or mixed drinks by the time they take effect someone has suggested drinking straight ...
RudyB's user avatar
  • 335
2 votes
Accepted

Use of alcohol for keeping body warm

In summary, alcohol can make you feel warmer because it increases the blood flow in the skin, but it does not likely increase your body temperature; it can even decrease it. 1) A 1994 review article ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 15.9k
2 votes

Why is some alcohol consumption healthier than no alcohol consumption?

The reason you may want to be a moderate drinker is they're found to have lesser rates of death from heart disease and diabetes, which are dominant causes of death in a developed society. This is one ...
b-reddy's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes

Looking for an alternative for aloe vera oil for hand disinfectant

The Aloe Vera is just to help moisturize the skin and is being used when glycerine can't be bought. Essential oils are a waste of time, and you need to add a water based substance to moisturize the ...
Graham Chiu's user avatar
  • 13.3k
2 votes

Adding an essential oil to WHO Handrub Formulation

The WHO formulae are tested formulations against micro-organisms. You don't mention whether you have hydrogen peroxide but that is added to kill microbial spores that have contaminated your anti-...
Graham Chiu's user avatar
  • 13.3k
2 votes
Accepted

Can I use a strong alcoholic drink (40 % of ethanol) to disinfect frequently touched surfaces against COVID-19?

40% alcohol is probably too dilute for disinfection. According to the CDC, minimum concentrations for sanitization with alcohol are 60% for ethanol or 70% for isopropanol (https://www.cdc.gov/...
DP2024's user avatar
  • 46
2 votes
Accepted

How long after drinking alcohol is it safe to eat durian again?

This inability to mix durian with alcohol has the status of a food myth. To quote the dietetic department at Changi Hospital Eating durian and drinking beer at the same time may kill you There is no ...
Graham Chiu's user avatar
  • 13.3k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible