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TLDR summary of what I found: diet-wise brassica vegetables, in particular broccoli seems to have this effect (but other vegetables that share P450 inhibitors in common with citrus fruits have the opposite effect) medication-wise, the OTC "heartburn" drug Omeprazole has been fairly consistently reported to have this effect (but many, many more ...


5

Basal metabolic rate is essentially energy expenditure at rest, whereas metabolism is a general term for net anabolism and catabolism - however, often metabolism is used to refer to basal metabolism + activity energy expenditure. There are lots of unsubstantiated product claims (i.e. scams) for weight loss. I have not found evidence for herbal teas raising ...


5

Quality of Evidence First off, I'd be careful with the sources you are citing-- one of them is an opinion letter in a journal, and two are studies in rats. When looking at studies, the best evidence is that with patient-centered outcomes (5). Increased dentate gyrus neurogenesis or HGH production are interesting results, but it's unclear that those ...


5

Despite being a long known spice and its known role in traditional medicine the modern evidence for health related benefits and detriments of cinnamon are sparse.The NCCIH sums it up with NCCIH Publication No.463: Cinnamon: Studies done in people don’t support using cinnamon for any health condition. Cinnamon is indeed used in the way the OP phrased ...


4

What are effects of microdosing alcohol on the liver's ability to metabolize toxins? There seems to be no effect. Alcohol can induce the enzyme system CYP2E1 in the liver, which can speed up the metabolism of toxins thus making some more and others less toxic. But according to niaaa.nih.gov: ...CYP2E1 only is active after a person has consumed large ...


4

To get the most of your vitamins/minerals is quite simple, really. There are two types of soluble vitamins/minerals: Water-soluble Fat-soluble Absorption of water-soluble vitamins is quite easy, considering almost everything you eat/drink contains water. However, if you want maximum absorption rate for fat-soluble vitamins/minerals, you'll want to have ...


3

According to WebMD (evidence from Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database), there seems to be lack of convincing evidence to claim that chlorophyll supplements help to treat pain, cancer, infections or other health conditions. Linus Pauling Institute provides few details about chlorophyll metabolism. They mention some old studies, according to which ...


3

When you classify diseases by causes, you put a disease in a certain group according to what happens first in that disease. For example, pheochromocytoma, a tumor of the adrenal medulla, releases excessive amounts of the hormone adrenaline, which can result in hyperglycemia. So, is pheochromocytoma a malignant, endocrine or metabolic disease? It's a ...


3

Desloratadin is slightly soluble in water and very soluble in ethanol. While that would often indicate an at least slightly better if time-delayed absorption with food, this is apparently not the case: Following oral administration of desloratadine 5 mg once daily for 10 days to normal healthy volunteers, the mean time to maximum plasma concentrations (Tmax)...


3

"Rachi-" is a prefix associated with the spine, as in Rachischisis. "Amino" is a bit more familiar: it refers to the amino chemical group, or in biomedicine, amino acids. "Aminorachia" seems to be a rarely used term, I see only 3 hits in Google Scholar. One of the sources using the term provides some better context: Selective aminorachia with normal ...


3

The pathogenesis of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) Below is a summary of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) from this source: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute, major, life-threatening complication of diabetes characterised by hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis, and ketonuria. It occurs when absolute or relative insulin deficiency inhibits the ability ...


3

The majority of people who are overweight have difficulty losing weight. If they didn't there wouldn't be an obesity crisis in the western world. OBESITY CRISIS: TWO BILLION PEOPLE NOW OVERWEIGHT AND U.S. IS ONE OF THE FATTEST NATIONS ON EARTH source Doing blood tests on 2 billion people who can't lose weight is almost a complete waste of money and ...


3

They appear to. In Caloric consumption and activity levels after weight recovery in anorexia nervosa: a prolonged delay in normalization, researchers looked at anorexia patients 2 to 6 weeks after what is called "refeeding", and patients 6 months after. Patients with anorexia nervosa, in the weeks after achieving target weight and terminating ...


3

If a person's body is in a low-metabolism state induced by starvation or restricted calorie intake, then an increase in the calorie intake will allow a raised metabolism. The natural lower limit to metabolism is death: if a person restricts calories too much, their metabolism drops lower and lower, until they develop various complications and then die. The ...


3

Persons who do regular physical exercise have a lower heart rate while they are resting (or not exercising): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22081187 Hence, their hearts will be beating same number of beats over a longer period of time. In addition, a number of trials have shown that regular physical exercise is associated with significant health ...


3

If we compare the average increase in all-cause mortality due to sitting (approximately 50% according to meta-study published on NHS) and the average all-cause mortality due to smoking (aproximately 300% increase according to CDC data), siting does not appear to be nearly as bad. Yet, because of how broadly you worded the question it is possible that ...


2

Those test results indicate a positive result for traces of Helicobacter pylori in the sample given. No-one on here will give you any more medical advice. Go see your doctor with those results.


2

There is peer-reviewed scientific research article "Sex hormones, appetite and eating behaviour in women" by Angelica Lindén Hirschberg from Karolinska Institutet, which states already in abstract Sex hormones play essential roles in the regulation of appetite, eating behaviour and energy metabolism and have been implicated in several major clinical ...


2

Answer: No Summary Metabolic effects of caffeine may vary depending on whether one is 'naive' to caffeine (infrequent user) or 'accustomed' to caffeine (daily user). Metabolic effects may also vary due to genetics, specifically a polymorphism on the CYP1A1/2 enzyme (1) One review notes that, after looking at the differences in metabolism between humans ...


2

The list of tests in the link you posted is pretty complete. It is indeed a complete set of tests for that occasion. Here is a bit more credible source though. Keep in mind though, only a doctor can always recommend the appropriate tests if needed, not the internet.


2

To add additional information to the other answer, adenosine (as a drug) does not require anything for metabolism other than enzymes typically present in blood. There are some genetic factors that interfere with this metabolism, and from personal practice it makes for a rather uncomfortable moment. Also, adenosine is not a neurotransmitter (directly ...


2

ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is used by the cells as a source of energy. When you are awake, the brain cells use a lot of energy, and ATP is quickly consumed, and it becomes AMP (adenosine monophosphate). One decay product of AMP is adenosine. So, the more your "fuel" is running out, the more adenosine has accumulated. So high adenosine is a signal for the ...


2

Why do we need ketone bodies? The main role of ketone bodies is to serve as a fuel (mainly for the brain) when there are not enough dietary carbohydrates available (during a low-carbohydrate diet or fasting) to produce glucose, which is otherwise the main fuel in the human body. Additionally, ketones can be used as a fuel in untreated diabetes mellitus type ...


1

By "natural protein intake" they are referring to normal dietary protein intake, in contrast to amino acid supplements given as protein substitutes for people with disorders related to protein/amino acid metabolism. See for example from Wikipedia: Supplementary "protein substitute" formulas are typically prescribed for people PKU (...


1

For a constant basal metabolic rate, then those with relatively smaller body surface areas will feel warmer than those with high body surface area. This is because with a higher BSA the body has to shut down more of the surface blood flow to conserve heat and thereby ensure a constant core body temperature. In addition, larger animals usually have a ...


1

Well metabolic rate is determined by many factors. Hormones: BMR is regulated by the thyroid glands. The T3 and T4 hormone levels increase or decrease the BMR. Body Mass: BMR is directly proportional to the total body mass. Muscle Mass BMR is also directly proportional to the percentage of muscle mass of your body. Age: BMR is inversely proportional to age. ...


1

What you mean by "big people"? Obese? Very tall but not obese (BMI in proper range)? My answer for obese: probably they do age faster, but this is not so easy to prove as we lack measurement tools to measure aging intself. Quote from Obesity accelerates epigenetic aging of human liver (2014): Because obese people are at an increased risk of many age-...


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Quote from When to eat and how often? (2005) in American Journal for Clinical Nutrition: The effect of the timing of food intake on metabolism has been the subject of active investigation for >40 y. Indeed, whether it is “better” to eat many small meals a day is one of the questions most frequently posed by the lay public. Comparing the potential ...


1

Diabetics when calculating insulin doses for a meal look at the carbohydrate content for the whole meal. It's not important if the sugars are taken in one mouthful, or dissolved and taken over the whole meal. So, to answer your question, the approach taken is that functionally it makes no difference.


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There's no established lower or upper intake level, but there's data showing that the average human body contains around 3ppb of gold, mostly in the form of nanoparticles. Here's a long review of the academic literature on medical uses of gold nanoparticles: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3347577/ In particular, it has a lot of effects on ...


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