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The best long-term perfect posture is subjective due to the variety of body types, incorrect posture differs from person to person and person's proper posture can be incorrect posture for someone else and vice versa. Usually the good sitting posture can be determined by the following methods: Support your back to avoid back pain. Adjust your chair. Rest ...


10

Note: The following is excerpted from an article written in 2005. For lay (Non trained) people, there are more updated recommendations. The following is an example of the process, not the current recommendations. To be effective, CPR must restore adequate coronary and cerebral blood flow. Interruptions in chest compressions lower coronary perfusion ...


8

Great question! There are actually a number of resources out there that answer this question. Here is a very dry (but unbiased) answer from the Canadian Paediatric Society written for paediatricians who are helping parents with this issue. Here are some quick question to ask yourself when appraising the website you're looking at: 1) Most importantly, ...


7

TeachMeAnatomy Containing over 700 vibrant, full-colour images, TeachMeAnatomy is a comprehensive anatomy encyclopedia presented in a visually-appealing, easy-to-read format. Created by a team of doctors and medical students, each topic combines anatomical knowledge with high-yield clinical pearls, seamlessly bridging the gap between scholarly ...


7

To build off of what JohnP said, scientific evidence has a hierarchy of reliability. Some types of papers, by their very nature, are more academically rigorous and likely to lead you to the truth. Randomized controlled double-blind trials and meta-analyses are at the top of the hierarchy. These studies often have thousands of participants and are set up to ...


6

Am I reading this right, that junk food and drinking soft drinks is correlated with higher intelligence quotient ? Does all that sugar beside its negative side effects (tooth decay, insulin highs) have this positive effect on intelligence ? No you are not reading it right, but your mistake is very a common misunderstanding of statistics. The key point ...


6

Side effects frequency narrative words are defined by the council of International Organizations of Medical Sciences. See slide 10 of this presentation on the subject. As shown, "Very common" means equal to or greater than 10% [of the patients tested for that drug]. "Common" or "frequent" means more than 1% but less than 10%. "Uncommon" or "infrequent" ...


6

This study published in 2014 provides an excellent review of the physiological mechanisms of cerebral blood flow regulation (open access): Willie CK et al. Integrative regulation of human brain blood flow. J Physiol. 2014 Mar 1;592(5):841-59. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2013.268953. Their list of references includes a very exhaustive list of studies conducted on ...


6

Short answer: there is no best long-term sitting posture. If there is any, take care of posture (I'd risk to say upright is best), and move every certain amount of time in the chair and/or around. I'm for positive responses so let me elaborate a bit more. All cautious considerations, as kenorb properly states, are ok. However, even if some of those ...


6

Green tea, or any real tea made from the Camellia sinensis plant, has many advantages as a go-to beverage. It itself does not contain significant amounts of sugar, it has an enamel preserving pH level (that is: it is non-acidic). Some compounds (like the poyphenols) have shown some activity against harmful bacteria causing gingivitis or caries. The most ...


5

In Europe we use 30/2 for adults and 15/2 for children. For children heart problems are rare, so the focus lies on breathing (we also start with 5 breaths). With adults the focus lies on chest compressions, hence the double amount. There is a lot of research going on and as a result of the research, the guidelines are changed, each 5 years. (Last time the ...


5

It very much depends on what you mean by evidence, but if you're talking about major studies that produced meaningful results that actually captured people's attention, it was a series of case-control studies in 1950's, followed by a fair amount of more intensive research in the late 1950's and early 1960's. It's a somewhat technical paper, but this paper ...


5

Commonly used diagnostic imaging methods are: Ultrasonography X-ray Computed tomography (CT) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Scintigraphy or radionuclide scan (injecting a radioactive tracer into a vein, waiting until it collects in a certain organ, for example, the thyroid gland, and taking a picture of the tracer distribution with a scanner) All the ...


5

This connection has been reported by several groups, in credible journals (I left a few references below). The study and news article you are referring to is confirming earlier findings, it is not the first to report this. In the examples I've seen, the studies rely on large datasets, for example, incidences in an entire country, in order to show a ...


5

An individual person does not have a mortality rate: it means the fraction of people out of a group who die over a specific time period. It may seem like your particular chance of dying is that same number, but it's not: the people who die with condition X may be sicker, have a worse case of it, have something else, be older, and so on. Although 80% of ...


5

"Studies of one" are also known as case studies, N-of-1 studies or case reports. I will refer to them below as case reports, for simplicity. They vary in quality just like any other type of studies. Case reports have a place in biomedical research and can often be very valuable, widely cited and/or otherwise influential. Double-blind randomized controlled ...


4

I am not sure if I am answering your question correctly but I wanted to point you towards the following tools that I have found very useful when conducting critical appraisal of literature: CASP Tools + Checklists From the above site: This set of eight critical appraisal tools are designed to be used when reading research, these include tools for ...


4

Gray's Anatomy - an old but complete online book with detailed text and pictures. Get Body Smart - by organic systems, at a glance Inner Body - on hover interactive images, with text KenHub - 50 videos AnatomyZone - ~200 videos, including basic terminology


4

Your interpretation is basically correct. The formal definition is: https://prsinfo.clinicaltrials.gov/definitions.html#IntPurpose Primary Purpose *§ Definition: The main objective of the intervention(s) being evaluated by the clinical trial. Select one. Treatment: One or more interventions are being evaluated for treating a disease, syndrome, ...


4

I would trust the professional organizations' websites and journals: American Academy of Dermatology http://www.AAD.org American Osteopathic College of Dermatology http://www.aocd.org/ American Journal of Clinical Dermatology https://link.springer.com/journal/40257 Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/...


4

Scopolamine products to prevent motion sickness are to be placed behind the ear to. One brand name for this product is Transderm-Scop. I will write below why it is placed behind the ear, but in terms of the Facebook post, it's probably not accurate. In fact, Snopes.com did a 'Fact-Check' article on a similar subject. Scopolamine is an antimuscarinic ...


4

The best method to verify the autenticity of a scientific news, is to search authorized papers about the subject. You can find all the published papers on this website: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ Here, and especially on "PubMed" and "PubMed Central (PMC)" (both within ncbi.gov) you can search for a topic and a lot of papers will be shown. Then look for ...


3

Title of this publication speaks it all: The answer is 17 years, what is the question: understanding time lags in translational research (2011). Some quotes: This process of conversion of basic science to patient benefit is often called ‘translation’ Using different endpoints, different domains and different approaches, Balas and Bohen and Grant et ...


3

This is a complicated question, as there are likely few people (I am not one of them) who are fully knowledgeable in the scope of both DVM and MD or DO (which is the other type of physician degree) in combination with PhD, and I do not know if someone with that knowledge will see this question. But your question is a very good question - I would recommend ...


3

Drug research and epidemiology are two areas that lend themselves to distributed computing, and there are several existing projects that you can look at. There are several BOINC projects for medical projects, for example: DENIS @ Home - electrophysiological modeling FiND @ Home - malaria research Malariacontrol - malaria epidemiology The World ...


3

You can search on the clinical trials website to find most of the trials conducted with probiotics. Eg. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?intr=%22Lactobacillus%22 gives currently 589 results, some of which are described as phase 3 studies. You can change the search term to acidophilus or whatever you're interested in.


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This appears to be from a very old study The rate of chronic bronchitis among relighters (39·7%) was higher than the rate (32·9%) among the remaining cigarette smokers. The difference was of high statistical significance (P<0·001), and the same pattern was maintained when age and consumption were standardized. After allowing for a trend towards lower ...


3

I don't know how readily available supercomputers are to researchers and universities but I would imagine that a big part of the answer to your question would be down to cost. Supercomputers vs Distributed Computing Projects Computer performance is measured in FLOPS (Floating Point Operations Per Second), and in June 2018, Summit, an IBM-built ...


3

The difference is that you are looking at a case study, versus a scientific research study. The basic difference is that a case study is an in depth look at a single instance of something which may not be repeatable by others, and a scientific study is a broader examination of a group with results and experiments that can be repeated by others. As an ...


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