5

Yes. There are a number of diseases that can be transmitted by rodents, and several of them can be quite serious. This is the list of diseases that can be directly transmitted by rodents according to the CDC: Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome Lassa Fever Leptospirosis Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCM) Omsk ...


5

Dettol upon contact with H2O turns milky like white. When H2O is added to the dettol liquid its oil droplets become suspended in the water droplets, creating something called an Emulsion. It is that state of emulsion that causes the colour to change with its response to light.


4

Health insurances and hospitals (for the coding of the diseases) often use the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) from the World Health Organisation to standardise the naming of the diseases and assigns them a code. There is an online available version (ICD-10) here: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2016/en For the ...


4

Drug research and epidemiology are two areas that lend themselves to distributed computing, and there are several existing projects that you can look at. There are several BOINC projects for medical projects, for example: DENIS @ Home - electrophysiological modeling FiND @ Home - malaria research Malariacontrol - malaria epidemiology The World ...


4

The site you found that on is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It's generally considered an authoritative source. The site states the following: There are high rates of Hepatitis C in people born during 1945-1965. People born during 1945 through 1965 are 5 times more likely than other adults to be infected. In fact, 75% of adults with ...


4

Twix is part of an otherwise healthy diet. According to the American Heart Association the limit is 36 grams of sugar. That is 2/3 of the recommended maximum in one little bar. That one little bar is 35% of the recommended saturated fat for the day. You would need an otherwise perfect diet to balance out. People with an otherwise perfect diet just don'...


4

ICD-10 is a classification system which can be used to record certain disease states of a patient, e.g. I50 meaning "Heart failure" or I50.1 meaning "Left ventricular failure". SNOMED CT provides multiple advantages: SNOMED CT covers all clinical terms, not just disease states. For example we can say 85232009 meaning "left heart failure" but we could also ...


3

In many cases they do reflect the actual diagnosis. It depends on the disease in question. eMerge network work on validation is for example here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3715338. In that study, they used ICD-based definitions but also other available data. Similar work in diabetes mellitus diagnosis is also published (https://www.ncbi....


3

What is Clinical Decision Support? This ends up getting a little bogged down in compliance mumbo jumbo, but Clinical Decision Support is defined by the US centers for medicare and medicaid services as: Health information technology functionality that builds upon the foundation of an electronic health record to provide persons involved in care processes with ...


3

Side effects of iron supplements can include: Black stools Constipation Abdominal pain So, these are common side effects that have nothing to do with cancer. In the study described in Medical News Today, they did not confirmed the cause-effect relationship between iron supplements and cancer, because they only found a substance (a marker) that could be ...


3

This is excerpt of mesothelioma staging from the info booklet of American Cancer Society: http://m.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003119-pdf.pdf "Mesothelioma is in the pleura lining the chest wall on one side of the chest. It may or may not also affect the pleura lining the diaphragm (the thin breathing muscle below the lungs) or the ...


2

In a typical ambulance operating at the paramedic level in the US, the following vital signs might be recorded: Heart rate Respiratory rate BP SpO2 GCS EtCO2 Pupil size The last two would be uncommon and only found with certain patients. It's likely there would be more than one set of vitals if the transport time is longer than a few minutes. As for size, ...


2

As far as I know, there is a hierarchy, but it is based on the original sources (ie not created by UMLS). For example, SNOMED concepts belong to a hierarchy. UMLS records this hierarchy in the mrhier table. It is probably best to consider the hierarchy based on the source's code, and not on the UMLS concept ID, as the mapping between UMLS CUIs and codes ...


2

If you are exercising outside make sure to bring a flash light and other saftey precautions. From what I have read there are many benefits to exercing at night. Here is an article from the Washington Post. And then here is another one which talks about research on this very subject (Chtourou & Souissi, 2012). Other research in the article includes ...


2

There are many systems for classifying diseases and medical terminology. Some are international, while many countries have their own systems. The purpose of medical classification systems is to ensure that the accurate encoding of digital medical records so that terminology has the correct meaning across different regions and languages and for the gathering ...


2

It's common for people to use mean and standard deviation in situations where it doesn't make a lot of sense. Sometimes it's okay, but yes it can lead to weird behavior like you've described. You should not interpret "+/-" here to mean that the values range from 0.47-0.64 to 0.47+0.64, just that the standard deviation is 0.64. Whether it makes ...


1

As indicated in the first answer, the first figure is for a clinical trial. This kind of figure is often called a "Clinical Trial Design Schematic" or simply a "Schematic for a Clinical Trial." Here are some other examples of trials that present such figures and label them as “clinical trial design schematic” or “schematic.” https://www....


1

The first one is a Treatment Schedule from the Acute Myeloid Leukemia - Berlin–Frankfurt–Munster Study of 2004. The image can be found on page 39 of the article found here: Randomized trial comparing liposomal daunorubicin with idarubicin as induction for pediatric acute myeloid leukemia: results from Study AML-BFM 2004 Ursula Creutzig, Martin Zimmermann, ...


1

[I am answering this by copying Graham Chiu's words verbatim from his original, unedited question.] https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/call-action-tech-community-new-machine-readable-covid-19-dataset/ Today, researchers and leaders from the Allen Institute for AI, Chan Zuckerberg Initiative (CZI), Georgetown University’s Center for Security and ...


1

I agree with the other answer and wanted to add a few things. At most larger healthcare systems in the USA, EHRs are used. Paper is still sometimes used in smaller practices, but rarely. In the USA physician documentation is called notes, not letters. Letters generally are directed to a particular individual, for example to a specialist or work note, etc. ...


1

It does not have to exhausted. The best way would be to point to coder's guideline. Instead, I will use a data method to prove it. To prove it via data, you can analyze data from Columbia Open Health Data (from Columbia U in NYC) and look for broad terms and you would see that they have counts that are greater than sum of the most granular terms. COHD ...


1

I tried a Tempur mattress for a couple of years. I have no back problems. I found it too hot and didn't like the feeling of sleeping in a depression. In future I will stick to a good quality mattress with a high spring-count.


1

It's harmful, because what passes for the rest of the so-called "well-balanced diet" isn't actually all that healthy either, it will also contain a fair amount of sugar, and saturated fats and also unsaturated fats which are healthier than saturated fats but not healthy in an absolute sense. So, what passes for a healthy, well-balanced diet is a diet that ...


1

The following are naming conventions that satisfy your question: SNOMED-CT Foundational Model of Anatomy ICD (current version 10, it has national modifications (such as USA's ICD-10CM)


1

Pros are better treatment (e.g., IL-5 inhibitor will not help if you do not have a subtype of asthma that is eosinofilic) (by knowing your type the therapy will be more targeted at your subtype of disease) Cons are more complex diagnostic workup to arrive at personalized care (e.g., must get sequencing results to recommend best action for Lynch syndrome)


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