12 votes
Accepted

What is the word for the dead skin on the upper layer of a healed wound?

Frankly, medical terminology isn't necessary and might even lead to increased confusion, especially after being translated. All medical terminology is not universal. Just state your complaint in ...
user avatar
  • 9,345
10 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between cal and Kcal?

Answer: 1 Kilocalorie equals 1 Calorie. Note the capital "C". 1 kilocalorie equals 1000 calories. Note the lowercase "c". So Calories and kilocalories are pretty much the same thing. Kilocalories ...
user avatar
  • 2,952
10 votes
Accepted

Is lipaemia the same as hyperlipidemia?

These are not really synonymous. Despite some sites claiming them to be. Compare the usage on this site. Lipaemia is describing lab artifacts, that is roughly too much fat in the blood sample that ...
user avatar
  • 6,747
9 votes

Is lipaemia the same as hyperlipidemia?

Because the context refers to a serum sample, and it sounds like a low quality one, you should use lipemia (or, the british variant lipaemia), not hyperlipidemia. See here for an example of the ...
user avatar
  • 3,153
9 votes

Is adrenaline a coctail of hormones, rather than one hormone?

Adrenaline = epinephrine. Different name, same chemical. "Adrenergic receptors" is perhaps where things get more confusing. That is a family of hormone receptors (α1 α2 β1 β2...) that respond to ...
user avatar
  • 5,694
8 votes

What does "oppose" mean in this context: opposition of the wound edges?

From the context it seems the answer is the edges lined up opposite and against each other, as the transitive verb form of the word opposite a la the second definition here: Oppose transitive verb ...
user avatar
  • 2,116
7 votes
Accepted

Why do I feel small stings all over my body in stress?

Paresthesia Anxiety Symptoms -- seems like the term/condition you are looking for (though I am not a doctor and am not diagnosing you as such -- I'm just trying to inform you of the term you might be ...
user avatar
7 votes

What is the difference between cal and Kcal?

Generally speaking, 1 kilocalorie = 1000 calories (definition here). But the confusing part is explained here: The energy used in physical activity and the energy stored in foods is actually given ...
user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

What does "2/2" mean in a patient note?

Right Diagnoses. Com It means secondary to. From your question: Patient has respiratory weakness secondary to multiple sclerosis If you are looking for a more credible source, this site ...
user avatar
  • 2,952
7 votes

Epidemic and outbreak of Disease

As a practicing epidemiologist, I'm actually a little puzzled as to the down-votes for this. The difference between an outbreak and an epidemic is pretty subtle, and neither is all that terribly well ...
user avatar
  • 2,423
7 votes
Accepted

What does "prognostic significance" mean exactly?

Although it would be helpful if we knew what sort of pathology report this was, I surmise that it is likely describing analysis of a biopsy or surgically removed tissue specimen from a breast cancer. ...
user avatar
  • 4,355
7 votes
Accepted

What's the difference between etiology, pathogenesis, pathology, pathophysiology and epidemiology?

To get an understanding of the difference, look at a disease that has been in the news recently, Legionnaire's Disease. Legionella pneumophilia is a bacteria that is responsible for most cases. It ...
user avatar
  • 6,540
7 votes
Accepted

Meaning of "Chest wall, Sp, Ps" in a description of tumor recurrence locations

Mr. Hiroyasu Yamashiro wrote an anwer: Thank you for your question about the paper. The meaning of the abbreviations you ask is as follows. Thank you. Sp - Supraclavicular lymph nodes ...
user avatar
  • 1,566
7 votes

What is the name for the symptom of mishearing words?

Receptive aphasia is a type of aphasia in which patients have difficulty understanding ("receiving") words as opposed to difficulty speaking them. There are more than one possible etiology and it is ...
user avatar
  • 5,694
7 votes
Accepted

Is the abbreviation"r/o" on a test report used in the declarative or imperative sense?

A full radiology report typically contains several sections, similar to a progress note. The "HISTORY" section discusses the medical history and possibly indications for the imaging. Here, r/o means ...
user avatar
  • 3,153
7 votes

What is the difference between vasoconstriction and contractility?

Although the term "contractility" can refer to contraction of any muscle, including skeletal muscle (e.g. biceps) and smooth muscle (e.g. muscles in arterial walls), in medicine contractility usually ...
user avatar
  • 5,694
7 votes
Accepted

Meaning of "terminal" in "terminal necropsy"

I think it would depend on the particular context, but at least in Hubert et al 2000 the meaning is fairly clear: This was a 2-year study, with 14-, 29-, and 53-week interim necropsies and a 106-...
user avatar
  • 12k
6 votes
Accepted

Can someone explain these cancer names?

The causal sequence indicated here doesn’t make a lot of sense to me. Having signed many death certificates, I can sympathize with the doctor who signed off on it. Generally, these have to be typed up ...
user avatar
  • 4,355
6 votes
Accepted

Difference between acute disease and chronic disease

More or less: Yes. Acute and chronic are ways to classify diseases according to duration. Acute*: Acute Illness (1) Any illness that develops quickly, is intense or severe and lasts a relatively ...
user avatar
  • 2,823
6 votes

What's the difference between etiology, pathogenesis, pathology, pathophysiology and epidemiology?

Since the OP is asking for definitions, maybe it is OK to be nitpicky. Pathogenesis is the process by which harm has occurred. Pathology is the study of harm, including the study of pathogenesis. ...
user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

What does "Townsend quintile" mean?

The "Townsend deprivation score" measures socio-economic status, and has five categories, hence you are being asked for your quintile. The scale is 1-5, and it incorporates the variables car ...
user avatar
  • 6,998
6 votes
Accepted

Isn't "epithelial carcinoma" a tautological term? Are there non-epithelial carcinomas?

You are correct that carcinoma refers to types of cancer arising from epithelial tissue. Definition of carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. ...
user avatar
  • 2,331
5 votes

Musculoskeletal vs. muscular disorders

I only partly agree with previous answer and would like to contrast some of the points suggesting that "muskuloskeletal disorders is a term used in occupational medicine". According to the ...
user avatar
  • 905
5 votes
Accepted

Diagnosing by ruling things out

Diagnosis of exclusion A diagnosis of exclusion (per exclusionem) is a diagnosis of a medical condition reached by a process of elimination, which may be necessary if presence cannot be established ...
user avatar
  • 13.2k
5 votes
Accepted

What is the name of term for series of studies for the same patient?

According to Collins Dictionary: Workup is a complete medical study of a patient, including a thorough examination, laboratory tests, a survey of the patient's case history, etc. On eMedicine ...
user avatar
  • 15.6k
5 votes
Accepted

Does "400 mg orally twice daily" mean "800 mg of drug per day"?

Yes, and that the recommended interval for dosage is twice daily. The convention for BID (twice daily) dosing is to write "400 mg twice daily" to indicate the dosage at each administration. ...
user avatar
  • 5,694
5 votes

How do I specify a particular side of a finger?

One may use anatomical terminology as in if the injury is on that side of a digit which is near to the midline then one may say that the medial side of fourth finger was injured. The other side which ...
user avatar
  • 1,020
5 votes
Accepted

How do I specify a particular side of a finger?

In general in these situations the medial/lateral terminology is used, however in case of hands/feet due to the ability to pronate and supinate this might lead to confusion, therefore specific terms &...
user avatar
  • 709
5 votes
Accepted

What is "recognized clinically"? Is there any special meaning in the word "clinically" here?

"Clinically" in this context means "by doctors in the clinic" in their normal practice. It excludes research contexts, and implies "real-world" circumstances. There is no ...
user avatar
  • 12k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible