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9

To get even close to how much bacteria there are in vaginal discharge and penile discharge, we look at how are they diagnosed/detected laboratory wise. Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhea a gram-negative diplococcus that is found in the discharge with pus seen in microscopy after gram staining. There are other microorganisms that are gram-negative ...


9

The CDC lists two: complete abstinence, and being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. Sexual intercourse naturally introduces microtears (small tears in the the epithelial layer) through which diseases can transfer between partners. One might think that additional lubrication would help with this, but the jury is ...


8

It seems to me that you are looking for solid risk numbers, which I am afraid might not be available. This is just a summary of the basic facts that play into this likelihood. For example, what is the likelihood when the partner is asymptomatic vs symptomatic So-called "asymptomatic shedding", when the virus can be transmitted despite the carrier not ...


8

Short Answer HIV is a virus and when the HIV virus has invaded the body it becomes an infection (specifically an STI only if and when transmitted through sexual contact). Whilst the terms STI and STD are often used interchangeably, really and truthfully, they are different. A sexually transmitted virus is an STI when inside the body, and an STI is not ...


6

How are STIs different from other pathogens? STIs are infections of pathogens that either live in the genital area and/or exist in body fluids and also usually don't get transmitted in simpler ways such as airborne particles or contaminated surfaces. Sexual contact is simply one of the few ways that humans exchange those fluids or have skin contact ...


6

This is a very good and important question, not only for you but for other people as well. As people have said in the comments, YES it can be potentially dangerous to have unprotected sexual encounters with her without having tested for STDs first. Even if she's had unprotected sex with only ONE person, she would've been at risk for an STD. As long as she ...


6

What should I take care of while sleeping with another woman to protect her against AIDS? Get tested and go see you doctor. CDC.gov: No HIV test can detect HIV immediately after infection. If you think you’ve been exposed to HIV, talk to your health care provider as soon as possible. It takes 3-12 weeks after initial exposure for testing to be able ...


6

Assuming that we are talking about the risk of having intercourse one time under the conditions you described, and assuming you do not know if your male partner had an STD, and provided your partner used a latex or polyurethane condom labeled as protective against disease, the risk of contracting HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis quite low (it is ...


5

This answer covers herpes, with both HSV1 (usually appearing and transmitted orally) and HSV2 (usually called genital herpes). So-called "asymptomatic shedding", when the virus can be transmitted despite the carrier not showing any sores, is unfortunately very common in both herpes types. An in my opinion good article is Asymptomatic Shedding of Herpes ...


4

Yes, it is true that Zika can be transmitted sexually (from the CDC). However, Zika is generally classified as a mosquito-borne disease, not an STD, as mosquitoes are by far the most common vector of passage. I am not aware of transmission of "typical" STDs by mosquitoes, most likely because, as you say, the amounts of pathogenic material are extremely small,...


4

HSV1 and HSV2 are different strains of the Herpes simplex virus. They both can lead to oral or genital infection. The reason they are usually known as oral (HSV1) and genital (HSV2) herpes are that the majority of genital herpes cases used to be from HSV2. However, this has been changing and now HSV1 is the more dominant genital infection at least in some ...


4

STI = sexually transmitted infection STD = sexually transmitted disease Strictly speaking, not all STIs are STDs. Infection merely means the presence of the microbes in the body and if it does not cause any symptoms, it is called asymptomatic infection, not a disease. Only when a HIV infection causes damage to the body, which usually comes with symptoms, ...


4

You can get Genital Herpes from someone licking your scrotum and there is no protection from Genital Herpes with condoms anyway as they don't cover the scrotum. With oral sex, the risk is only there for you if the person giving oral sex has a cold sore and the risk is only there for your partner if you have Genital Herpes.


4

Question: If HIV is an STI, then why is HIV often listed separately, for example: HIV & Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact sheet STDs and HIV – CDC Fact Sheet What You Need To Know About the Links Between HIV and STDs Reason 1. The articles linked above have "HIV and STI" or "HIV or STDs" in the titles because they describe how a person with a ...


4

This is a good question, and although as you correctly state that HIV is an STI (see STI vs STD vs Sexually Transmitted Virus?) there is a difference with HIV which is one reason why it may be separated from others. It can be thought that HIV is separated from STIs in factsheet titles etc. because HIV is a virus when others are not, but there are other STI ...


3

I would encourage you to get seen by a healthcare professional for testing/advice. This could be from your family doctor or at a walk-in clinic. There might also be a sexual health center near you that can offer testing, advice, and counseling services. Everything would be confidential and should be judgement free (if you feel like you are being judged you ...


2

From a rigorous scientific viewpoint, it at first makes indeed not much sense to list STIs and HIV separately. HIV is a virus that once it is in your body and you have antibodies developed will have caused an STI, which once it progresses to the symptoms of AIDS, becomes an STD that nobody wants. So it is mainly a historically formed cultural response to ...


1

Type 1 and type 2 are different viruses and once you have a herpes infection, you will always have the infection as it is lifelong (WHO, 2020). Infection with herpes simplex virus, commonly known as herpes, can be due to either herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). HSV-1 is mainly transmitted by oral-to-oral contact to ...


1

Although Candida Albicans can be transmitted sexually, generally it is developed without sexual contact. WebMD gives the following details Normally, a type of bacteria called Lactobacillus keeps the amount of Candida in the genital area under control. However, when Lactobacillus levels are disrupted in some way, Candida can overgrow and cause an infection. ...


1

It is not possible to tell what actions led to the thigh infection, because there are multiple possible actions that could. Explanation: Close bodily contact of any kind can transmit herpes. That is, the virus jumps from an infected person to another person by close bodily contact (i.e. rubbing of some type). If someone was engaged in a sexual act with ...


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