8 votes
Accepted

Normal for menstruation blood to be brown/black at the start?

Menstrual blood is composed of a mixture of blood (blood cells), vaginal secretions, endometrial cells and inflammatory cells. I have found no study investigating the change in colour of mentruation ...
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8 votes

Is there anything anyone can do to decrease the symptoms of dysmenorrhea?

Dysmenorrhea (pain with menstruation) can be primary or secondary. The first thing a woman should do is see a physician to determine which kind of dysmenorrhea she has. Primary dysmenorrhea is ...
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8 votes
Accepted

What is the test for endometriosis?

The most common ways to diagnose endometriosis are as follows: Palpation/physical exam Imaging test (MRI, Ultrasound) Laparoscopy* Laparoscopy, where the doctor makes a small incision to insert a ...
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  • 6,540
7 votes
Accepted

Can oral contraceptives prevent ovarian cysts from forming?

[I]s it logical/healthy to take in oral contraceptives on a regular basis even if one is not engaged in intercourse? There are several reasons to take oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) that have ...
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6 votes
Accepted

What does metformin do to treat polycystic ovarian syndrome?

PCOS can make your body resistant to insulin. When your body's cells become too resistant to insulin, that's called type 2 diabetes. Metformin makes your body more sensitive to insulin, so it can help ...
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  • 701
5 votes
Accepted

Do tampons cause menstrual pain?

I'll assume by "stomach", you mean abdominal pain, probably lower abdominal pain. And yes, tampons can cause lower abdominal pain in the presence of endometriosis (ectopic endometrial tissue). The ...
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4 votes

OBGYN wants to insert IUD (Mirena) to treat my painful periods, but should I be worried by all the recent lawsuits?

Laparoscopic coagulation of endometrial spots itself is one of the clinically approved treatment for endometriosis. Though by evidence-based medicine the evidence for laparoscopic treatment can vary ...
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  • 323
3 votes

Is a vaginal birth still medically preferable over a c-section?

If we are assuming that there is no valid reason1 for a c-section, a c-section is obsolete per definition. Any operation has risks and strains the body: The anesthesia, the cutting of the body to name ...
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  • 6,574
1 vote

Does using 2 vials of sperm per Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) attempt increase the chance of pregnancy?

No, according to https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4149942/ "Single and double donor sperm intrauterine insemination cycles: Does double IUI increase clinical pregnancy rates?": ...
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  • 133
1 vote

Are products of conception routinely re-assembled after a medical abortion?

I can't answer the question specific to abortions, as I do not perform abortions (for this reason). But certainly in vaginal deliveries and C sections, the placenta is always checked carefully by ...
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  • 5,694
1 vote
Accepted

OBGYN wants to insert IUD (Mirena) to treat my painful periods, but should I be worried by all the recent lawsuits?

Making an assumption of a diagnosis of a such serious condition as endometriosis and starting with treatment that can have potential severe side effects without making the actual diagnosis is not ...
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  • 15.6k
1 vote

How long does it take for the vagina to return to the way it was after giving birth?

During birth, the pelvic floor is stretched significantly, and the stretch is probable to never get back to the way it was exactly before. The NHS states it takes a few days for the swelling and ...
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  • 6,574

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