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To get even close to how much bacteria there are in vaginal discharge and penile discharge, we look at how are they diagnosed/detected laboratory wise. Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhea a gram-negative diplococcus that is found in the discharge with pus seen in microscopy after gram staining. There are other microorganisms that are gram-negative ...


8

Short Answer HIV is a virus and when the HIV virus has invaded the body it becomes an infection (specifically an STI only if and when transmitted through sexual contact). Whilst the terms STI and STD are often used interchangeably, really and truthfully, they are different. A sexually transmitted virus is an STI when inside the body, and an STI is not ...


4

STI = sexually transmitted infection STD = sexually transmitted disease Strictly speaking, not all STIs are STDs. Infection merely means the presence of the microbes in the body and if it does not cause any symptoms, it is called asymptomatic infection, not a disease. Only when a HIV infection causes damage to the body, which usually comes with symptoms, ...


1

Type 1 and type 2 are different viruses and once you have a herpes infection, you will always have the infection as it is lifelong (WHO, 2020). Infection with herpes simplex virus, commonly known as herpes, can be due to either herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). HSV-1 is mainly transmitted by oral-to-oral contact to ...


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