JMP
  • Member for 6 years, 10 months
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How does LASIK (laser eye surgery) work?
10 votes

LASIK is an acronym for Laser-Assisted in situ Keratomileusis, with Keratomileusis meaning surgical improvement of the cornea's refractive capabilities, i.e. usually to overcome the defects of myopia (...

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COVID-19 mutation nomenclature
9 votes

The full details are quite complicated, but this nomenclature defines SARS-CoV-2 variants by a lineage depending on which variant they are descended from. A dynamic nomenclature proposal for SARS-CoV-...

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Medical database with symptom frequencies
6 votes

Nature Communications have such a database. Human symptoms–disease network XueZhong Zhou, Jörg Menche, Albert-László Barabási & Amitabh Sharma Published: 26 June 2014 They count the number of ...

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How common is it for local anesthesia to have no effect?
6 votes

This depends on the type of anesthetic used, there are plenty: Types of anesthetic which include: Esters (Benzocaine, Cyclomethycaine, Propoxycaine) Amides (Bupivacaine, Mepivacaine, Trimecaine) ...

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What is the difference between the AAO and the ABO?
Accepted answer
5 votes

In the American system of Dentistry, there are three levels: Dentist Orthodontist Board Certified Orthodontist This is visually demonstrated by the ABO here. Dentists have passed ...

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Why does my antibiotic make my urine yellow?
5 votes

The anti-biotic could possibly be having an antidiuretic effect. This reduces the amount of water in urine, and so the natural yellow hue is intensified. There is a definition of an antidiuretic at ...

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When to stretch as a sportsman
5 votes

Although stretching is not the only answer, you should certainly do some pre-exercising. In a state of inaction, your muscles contract and tighten, and also lose heat. This makes them brittle and ...

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Why was orcein banned in Europe?
4 votes

Searching for Orcein on the EU website: https://op.europa.eu/en/ returns this publication, amongst others: REPORTS OF THE SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE FOR FOOD. First series. (European Commission). The ...

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What is 'Rising of the lights' as a death?
Accepted answer
4 votes

According to the Glossary of Old Medical Terms by Craig Thornber: Rising of the Lights: croup - any obstructive condition of the larynx or trachea (windpipe), characterised by a hoarse, barking ...

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What kind of cell kill probabilities per division you get with chemotherapy?
4 votes

The average human is rumoured to have around 30,000,000,000,000 cells in their body. Apoptosis kills around 60,000,000,000 cells a day. This is 0.002%, so I imagine a 5% kill rate would be at least ...

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Can antacids cause ear crystals (which can cause dizzines)?
4 votes

Octonium\Otoliths (also known as ear crystals\rocks) are a natural part of the vestibular system. BPPV is caused by these otoliths coming loose, and so isn't directly related to calcium carbonate ...

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What is the name of this medical practice?
4 votes

There is a site called Anatomy Stuff which specialize in providing replications of the human body. In particular, they have a section called Anatomy Models, which has a range of human-esque models, ...

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Information on the FLUENTAL ® moderator/ shifter. How and who made it?
4 votes

After looking (without result!) at loads of pages returned from a Bing search for BNCT, I hit upon searching for: FLUENTAL moderator The first reference I looked at was: Use of TEPCs for ...

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Daily dose of recommended water
3 votes

A cup is a non-standard unit of measurement for volume: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cup_(unit) It usually varies between 200ml and 250ml. In the U.S., it is 2.365882365 decilitres exactly (which ...

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Heart Sound Samples
Accepted answer
3 votes

There's a free selection here. It covers: The normal heart Interventricular septal defect Interatrial septal defect Pulmonary stenosis Patent ductus arteriosus Mitral stenosis Mitral insufficiency ...

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Why are the ice packs always blue
Accepted answer
3 votes

You wouldn't want it dyed blood red though! But seriously, from: Very Well Mind we have: Blue is a color often found in nature such as the pale blue of a daytime sky or the rich dark blue of a ...

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Is Anilingus healthy?
3 votes

According to Jack Morin, the author of Anal Pleasure and Health: A Guide for Men, Women and Couples anilingus can actually be beneficial (point 10 of '10 Rules of Anal Sex'). Anal sex can be ...

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Efficacy and costs of medical treatments
Accepted answer
2 votes

Your analysis looks similar to: Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) which: ICER ... is used in cost-effectiveness analysis to summarise the cost-effectiveness of a health care intervention. ...

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What is the medical meaning of "course"?
Accepted answer
2 votes

It identifies the way a disorder manifests itself, rather than paying attention to other attributes, such as severity of the symptom. course (noun): the way in which something progresses or ...

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Do non-insertional tendinopathies tend to be more often caused by cumulative microtrauma compared to insertional tendinopathies?
2 votes

Tendinopathy is a type of tendon disorder: Traditionally, tendons have been considered to be a mechanism by which muscles connect to bone as well as muscles itself, functioning to transmit forces. ...

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What properties of a topical medication determine what percent is systemically absorbed (bioavailability)?
2 votes

I would suggest the Noyes-Whitney equation: dW\dt = DA(C_s - C)\L wnere: dW\dt is the rate of dissolution. A is the surface area of the solid. C is the concentration of the solid in the bulk ...

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How much electromagnetic radiation applied to skin will cause pain?
2 votes

As @Carey says in his comment, measuring pain is very subjective to the individual, and their reporting of pain levels. It doesn't have any way of scientific measurement. Wikipedia has a list of '...

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Possible side effects of deer antler velvet
2 votes

There are several on-line resources to begin a survey of deer antler velvet. Most are adverts which appear to only offer a glowing picture of its properties, for example Antler Farms claim: Modern ...

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What would be visual acuity of a person if he can can read all letters of 20/25 and most of 20/20 on Snellen chart?
1 votes

The 20:S notation means that a person with normal vision standing S feet away can see that line on the Snellen chart clearly, but fails to see smaller lines. Size of Letters Required for Visibility ...

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What are the most common ways that COVID kills?
Accepted answer
1 votes

On the same CDC website, there is a section titled: COVID-19 Mortality Overview A link on this page (last but one) leads to a detailed analysis of comorbidalities: Most Frequently Listed ...

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Do these diagrams have an official name (treatment plan, treatment schedule, protocol)
1 votes

The first one is a Treatment Schedule from the Acute Myeloid Leukemia - Berlin–Frankfurt–Munster Study of 2004. The image can be found on page 39 of the article found here: Randomized trial comparing ...

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Is there a point of being an Organ Donor if my blood type is AB Negative?
1 votes

According to the standard blood compatibility chart: (image from Owlcation: The Basics of Blood and Blood Typing - Wikipedia file) AB blood types can only donate to other AB blood types, but AB ...

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What's the mechanism of urinating?
1 votes

There's no extra muscle involved - it's like squeezing an almost-empty toothpaste tube to get the last bits of toothpaste out.

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Therapeutic areas list
1 votes

CDISC (Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium) are considered to be the regulatory body on the topic. See this page for a list of Therapeutic Areas as maintained by them. The FDA's list is ...

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Why did it take so long to notice that Zantac had carcinogenic ingredients?
1 votes

The FDA has introduced a new method for detecting some chemicals, such as NDMA: 10/16/2018: UPDATE - FDA releases additional NDMA/NDEA detection method Source: https://www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-...

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