8

It sounds like what you're talking about is related to water retention, a specialized case of fluid retention, which causes an effect known as edema. Edema (and thus generalized fluid retention) can be divided into two categories: generalized edema and localized edema. The first occurs all over the body, while the second occurs in only certain parts of the ...


7

Burning 3,500 calories equals 1 pound of weight loss. To lose 1 kilogram of body weight, you would need to create a deficit of about 7,700 calories. As stated above, 3,500 calories equals about 1 pound (0.45 kilogram) of fat, you need to burn 3,500 calories more than you take in to lose 1 pound. So, in general, if you cut 500 calories from your typical ...


7

No, gynecomastia is a hormonal condition in which mammary tissue develops and enlarges in a male. Pseudogynecomastia is the word for what you're describing. How do you know what you have is only pseudogynecomastia? Have you consulted a doctor and know for sure? If not, you need to stop looking for solutions and look for the cause first. You can't solve it if ...


6

Besides changing the amount of calories you expend or consume there aren't many more options. You might attempt to reduce your stress level. The 1994 paper Stress-induced cortisol response and fat distribution in women and the 2000 paper Stress and Body Shape: Stress-Induced Cortisol Secretion Is Consistently Greater Among Women With Central Fat indicated a ...


5

Your question contains two parts. So I will address them separately. First here a small background on ondansetron: Ondansetron is a selective antagonist at 5-HT3 receptors. It is most frequently used in the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. How effective is Ondansetron/Zofran for treating migraines? Ondansetron doesn't belong to ...


5

Actually lack of sleep leads to weight gain and not weight loss. Losing out on sleep creates a viscous cycle in your body, making you more prone to various factors contributing to weight gain. “The more sleep-deprived you are, the higher your levels of the stress hormone cortisol, which increases your appetite,”. When you’re stressed, your body tries to ...


5

The short answer is no, your metabolism isn't really driven by your heart rate. The basic definition of metabolism is that it is the process by which your body converts the food and liquid that you consume into energy to fuel the body. This can be generally divided into two components, catabolism, which is the breaking down of ingested items into energy, ...


5

Basal metabolic rate is essentially energy expenditure at rest, whereas metabolism is a general term for net anabolism and catabolism - however, often metabolism is used to refer to basal metabolism + activity energy expenditure. There are lots of unsubstantiated product claims (i.e. scams) for weight loss. I have not found evidence for herbal teas raising ...


4

It does! This has been proven by reserach. "Long-term supplementation with CLA-FFA or CLA-triacylglycerol reduces BFM in healthy overweight adults." - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15159244 (BMF means fat in your body.) "CLA reduces body fat but not body weight in healthy exercising humans of normal body weight." - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/...


4

Alas, you cannot protect yourself from these toxic substances once they are in your body. Further, as currently phrased this question is awfully broad. We have managed to produce a gigantic amount of different harmful substances and covering them all in this answer is really not possible. Instead this answer tries to generalise about fat-soluble and long ...


4

Probably the most comprehensive and practical tool to check for calorie content of foods is USDA Food Composition Database. You can find calorie content for baked chicken, fried chicken, breaded chicken...which is not the same. It also lists the main nutrient composition of every food (carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, vitamins). You can also search ...


4

The common thought here is to lose weight you need to have more calories going out than coming in (basically, just eat less). Your TDEE (number of calories you should eat per day to stop any weight change is around the 1600 mark Lets look at your diet, your exercise is not worth accounting for. It looks a little like this: A quick analysis says that if ...


4

Quality of Evidence First off, I'd be careful with the sources you are citing-- one of them is an opinion letter in a journal, and two are studies in rats. When looking at studies, the best evidence is that with patient-centered outcomes (5). Increased dentate gyrus neurogenesis or HGH production are interesting results, but it's unclear that those ...


3

There is some experimental evidence that suggests that those who front load ( have their main meals earlier in the day ) are more likely to lose weight than those who eat later. BACKGROUND: There is emerging literature demonstrating a relationship between the timing of feeding and weight regulation in animals. However, whether the timing of food intake ...


3

health.stackexchange.com would be better fit. Your minimum healthy weight is not dependent on city versus outdoors. Your body is not aware the calorie deficit was caused by a hike. The body is very good at storing and using fat. That is what body fat is designed to do. I am not a Dr. but if you got home without severe symptoms you did not harm yourself....


3

Losing weight via means of altering your diet will be safest choice, however, that doesn't mean it is your only option. In my opinion, dieting is an incredibly vague term. Ensuring you are eating a balanced diet and eating within your daily needs is better way to put it. When you consume an excess of calories that your body doesn't need it often stores this ...


3

Note: This explanation does not concern itself with body health, wellbeing, the ability to follow/sustain the diet short/long term, impact to nervous system or the psychological impact of satiety that low-carb diets can offer. It only concerns itself with the imaginary scenario of two identical subjects following the same total calorie diet but with macro-...


3

The only weight loss method I've heard that increases the risk of kidney stones is bariatric surgery (PubMed, 2015). Here's a recommendation to prevent gallstones (NIDDK.gov, pdf): Depending on your starting weight, experts recommend losing about 1/2 to 2 pounds per week.


3

You asked for any evidence, and we have this paper, Increased salt consumption induces body water conservation and decreases fluid intake which is interpreted in this newspaper article. Essentially, a higher salt intake does not induce a corresponding increase in free water intake. But renal excretion of water still continues at a rate higher than that ...


3

Weight loss induced by calorie restriction is rather complex phenomenon which depends on plethora of factors like metabolic pathways, energy conservation, nutrient composition, BMI, age etc. (Reducing Calorie Intake May Not Help You Lose Body Weight, D. Benton et al, Perspectives on Psychological Science, June 28, 2017 ). However as a general guideline it ...


2

There has been some talk about this in the exercise world over the last few years, as there has been a push by supplement manufacturers to convince people that it is a needed item. The theory is that since it transports fatty acids to be broken down, more carnitine will transport more, thus driving increased fat utilization/breakdown. L-Carnitine is a ...


2

The reason why some people say this is because consuming carbs causes insulin levels to rise and insulin inhibits fat metabolism. In the opposite case when type 1 diabetic patients don't take insulin (e.g. when they are ill and not eating well), they are at risk of diabetic ketoacidosis. This is caused by the fat metabolism going in overdrive due to lack of ...


2

Scientists still aren't sure, but it seems carbohydrates may be easily converted into fat, depending on the form, or promote fat storage through stimulating insulin. Nutrition Science and Applications (2nd E) by Smolin and Grosvenor, in Chapter 4, page 140 covers this question well. Carbohydrates in and of themselves are not “fattening.” They provide 4 ...


2

So with everything related with diet there are two effects: whether a particularly diet affects what macronutrients you eat, and the effect of the food itself. According to NHS advice green tea in the amounts that you would consume by drinking it have limited effects on the metabolism. Missing from this advice is the evidence that in larger doses green tea ...


2

Carbs are not necessarily fattening as many studies comparing low carb diets to one recommended by the FDA with a higher calorie content going to carbs, have found negligible differences in fat loss. Of course, there is another side to the story. The synthesis of adipose tissue is regulated by the level of sugar in the blood, or rather the level of insulin....


2

Your diet will yield poor results. As JJosaur analysis points out, it only contains 1150 Kcal, the amount of vitamins and minerals is quite poor. You also need to eat enough protein as JJosaur has pointed out. What you eat during the entire day is less than what I eat during dinner alone (1800 Kcal) and I weigh less than you (55 kg). Losing weight via ...


2

The literature regarding smoking cessation and weight gain is abundant and probably I won’t be able to go through all the points in my post. Some years ago, a paper published in Obesity Reviews by Fizolof et al (Obes Rev. 2004 May;5(2):95-103) provided a excellent overview on the topic. As it is not open access, here are some interesting extracts which ...


2

A mathematical model has been created to examine the relationship between diet and exercise with respect to weight loss; Quantification of the effect of energy imbalance on bodyweight. The NIH has provided a web based tool based on this work to help you plan a diet to lose weight, the body weight planner. Note that 60-80% of calories consumed is used by ...


2

Since you approach this from a mathematical point of view, you should consider reading this first. Von Neumann's theory on universal constructors captured the essentials of biochemistry long before the field of biochemistry came into existence, therefore the right approach in biology and medicine is to frame things in terms of robust machines that are going ...


2

It does not matter what exercise you are doing; you have no influence what fat reservoirs will be targeted. But there are some things which you should do: Calculate your basal metabolic rate. While there are differences, they are in the range of +- 100 kcal. Being software engineer, multiply it with 1.1 to get your daily calorie requirement without cycling. ...


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