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While the measured quantities are the same across border, both names and units can vary. The main difference is often the unit used for the concentration of each analyte : either mass per volume or mole per volume (eg: glucose 1g/L = 5.5 mmol/L), sometime variation on the unit prefix (eg: haemoglobin 120 g/L = 12 g/dL). It is of course possible to convert a ...


6

Let us start by saying that it is not recommended to use home-made remedies off of some internet website, as the information may be inaccurate and misleading. You should always consult with a healthcare professional in order to avoid adverse outcomes. The concept of manipulating urine pH in order to accelerate the excretion of certain drugs is well-known. ...


3

Most of the cortisol entering the kidney is reabsorbed by the proximal tubule; only a small amount escapes and is eventually excreted in the urine. When large amounts of fluid is taken, the re-absorption is less efficient, and more cortisol ends up in the urine. See following quote: increased UFF excretion (when fluid intake is high) is mainly due to the ...


3

This is a wonderful explanation of inflammation, although a bit technical. Key passage: Inflammation, the immune response of body tissues to injury or infection, is an important component of innate immunity. The inflammatory process involves a complex biological cascade of molecular and cellular signals that alter physiological responses, ultimately ...


2

A bit of paper towel won't have any effect on a urine sample. People try a great many things to adulterate urine specimens: dilution, adding bleach, taking diuretics, adding lye, you name it, it's probably been tried. If your friend had no illicit drug use before the drug test, there will not be a false positive result (paper doesn't contain drugs.) False ...


2

In short, glucose in urine is useful but not completely reliable test for diabetes mellitus, because: It is possible to have diabetes mellitus without glucose in the urine. Rarely, glucose in urine can be due to conditions other than diabetes mellitus, and some drugs and other substances can make the test false positive or negative. Renal threshold for ...


2

So far, I could not find evidence that the Zimnitsky test is applied in exactly the same way in western countries. The urine specific gravity is a parameter that is assessed during urine analysis. This can be measured from a single urine sample as well as from a 24-hour urine collection. If I understood your sources regarding the Zimnitsky test correctly, ...


1

For diabetes, it is important to control glucose levels. This can easily be done (to a varying degree of accuracy) by checking the urine for glucose. Urine tests were once the main type of testing used to measure glucose levels in people who potentially had diabetes. However, they are less common now that blood tests have become more accurate and easier to ...


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