6

"Clinically" in this context means "by doctors in the clinic" in their normal practice. It excludes research contexts, and implies "real-world" circumstances. There is no implication here of the "clinical diagnosis" definition added to the question. Lab results/imaging would still be clinical assuming they were ordered ...


5

In general in these situations the medial/lateral terminology is used, however in case of hands/feet due to the ability to pronate and supinate this might lead to confusion, therefore specific terms "radial, ulnar" are preferred. ...for clarity, the sides are named after the bones. Structures closer to the radius are radial, structures closer to ...


5

One may use anatomical terminology as in if the injury is on that side of a digit which is near to the midline then one may say that the medial side of fourth finger was injured. The other side which is away from midline is the lateral side. More specifically there are other terms eg anterior posterior, to indicate the front or back surface of a hand/finger. ...


5

As far as I know, there's no medical term for a person who does such a thing (and I doubt it would be labelled a disorder since practically everyone can do it to some extent), but the 2nd part of the act that you're talking about (i.e. sleeping longer after a shorter/insufficient sleep before) is often called recovery sleep, while the term for the first part ...


4

There is a historical and obsolete term in English called Benign hypertension. According to the History of hypertension article in Wikipedia: ... hypertension was often classified into "malignant" and "benign" ... Charles Friedberg's 1949 classic textbook "Diseases of the Heart",[17] stated that "people with 'mild benign' ...


3

"Rachi-" is a prefix associated with the spine, as in Rachischisis. "Amino" is a bit more familiar: it refers to the amino chemical group, or in biomedicine, amino acids. "Aminorachia" seems to be a rarely used term, I see only 3 hits in Google Scholar. One of the sources using the term provides some better context: Selective aminorachia with normal ...


2

In your terminology, they are detection rates for *different types of all members which are the same. You may say, they both* answer questions of the type "What fraction of cases do we correctly recognize?". But the difference is in the denominator of the fraction (the population this figure of merit refers to): Sensitivity answers the question: Of all ...


2

This means that the diagnosis has been made and is present. As for whether it is a common phrase, this might depend on where you are looking: pubmed.gov does find the phrase, while scholar.google.com does (e. g.: https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=%22presence+of+a+diagnosis%22&btnG=).


2

It identifies the way a disorder manifests itself, rather than paying attention to other attributes, such as severity of the symptom. course (noun): the way in which something progresses or develops. (Bing) A good use of the word in medical terms is here: The course of Major Depression, Recurrent varies across individuals. Some people have isolated ...


2

I am not familiar with the particular media you have referenced, but there are many suture techniques that have been taught to generations of medical students from Ethicon (a manufacturer of sutures) with their Knot Tying Manual. As someone credentialed in many surgical procedures, but not actually a surgeon, I will admit that neither of the terms used are ...


2

From the context, it seems like it has the "time" meaning, but I don't think it really matters, you could remove the candidate markers/term/application/implementation headers and not really lose any information in the figure. That column is just showing that you could use a marker to identify people predisposed to a disease, or to screen people to ...


2

You may be referring to "joint dislocation", instead of "joint displacement", which in my understanding would mean removal of the joint (at which point the two terms asked about obviously will not have anything in common). As for sprain versus dislocation: In a sprain the bone endings making up the joint are moved out of their natural ...


2

D1 means on day one of the three weekly cycles. DI is a typo. https://oncologypro.esmo.org/meeting-resources/esmo-2016/Lurbinectedin-PM01183-administered-once-D1-every-3-weeks-q3w-in-combination-with-capecitabine-XEL-in-patients-pts-with-metastatic-breast-MBC-colorectal-CRC-or-pancreatic-PaC-cancer


2

Gram positivity/negativity is sort of a historical classification that comes down to an ability to separate bacteria types without knowing what that separation really meant physically. Of course, what really matters isn't whether or not a bacterial species takes up a particular stain, but rather that the reason that they stain well or poorly is because they ...


2

Meridian of the eye: Considering the center of the pupil as a pole, imaginary lines are drawn around the eyeball that is intersected at the poles (both anterior and posterior) and are called as the meridians of the eye. The flattest and steepest meridians of the eye are termed as the principal meridians. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Astigmatism-Types-...


1

By "natural protein intake" they are referring to normal dietary protein intake, in contrast to amino acid supplements given as protein substitutes for people with disorders related to protein/amino acid metabolism. See for example from Wikipedia: Supplementary "protein substitute" formulas are typically prescribed for people PKU (...


1

The drug development process has several stages and before proceeding to human trials, parameters such as relative safety and probable therapeutic action are evaluated in order to assure safety and effectiveness on the treatment. Some information about the pharmacokinetics of a compound is also required before clinical evaluation is begun. - Katzung and ...


1

Seems I found the answer about the correlation of gram negative test and high resistance against antibiotics. From Wikipedia Gram-negative bacteria (emphasis mine): Gram-negative bacteria are found everywhere, in virtually all environments on Earth that support life. The gram-negative bacteria include the model organism Escherichia coli, as well as many ...


1

DI stands for diachronic: Diachronic: Over a period of time. The opposite of synchronic. This would indicate that the medication is given in a drip, not as a bolus. D1 seems to not have any standard meaning, the conclusion this answerer draws is that D1 is a probable transcription substitution for DI.


1

I think 'I' represents Intravenous infusion as it is mentioned in Clinical trial information sheet.


1

The authors are fitting a regression model. It is common in regression with factors as predictors to consider one level of the factor as a "reference" level. Every other variable in the model expresses some difference relative to that reference level. Ultimately the choice of reference doesn't matter that much for the model, as long as appropriate ...


1

Does it mean "typical survival shown by this kind of therapy in clinical trials?" Yes. They are saying that this is a typical median survival in trials of this treatment, but that real-world survival is lower. Therefore, there is a gap between real practice and the trials. Furthermore, that makes it unclear if the trials showing a benefit ...


1

"Its correlates" refers to "anything that correlates with depression/TRD". They don't specify what those correlates are (though you could link the statement to the next one talking about bipolar disorder), but it could indeed include related disorders and conditions (such as anxiety disorders and substance abuse). It could also refer to surrogate measures ...


1

The cornea is in a different part of the eye than the retina, hence astigmatism is not a disease of the retina. See also: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_eye#/media/File:Schematic_diagram_of_the_human_eye_en.svg


1

The Coronavirus Study Group of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses has published a proposed new designation for the novel coronavirus, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV).1 Given the experience in previous international public health events, WHO generally prefers that virus names do not refer to the region ...


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