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15

For most people, it is better to sleep with a pillow according to the latest research. Sleeping without a pillow increases interocular pressure which is considered a risk for glaucoma patients. Sleeping on your side without a pillow increases your risk of osteoarthritis in the neck. If you sleep on your side, your cervical spine bends to the bed. This ...


6

We should clarify some terms here. Scoliosis is a deformation, but Lordosis and kyphosis are not. The latter two are normal structural parts of human spine. Back to your question, we don´t know. Altogether the pathogenesis of scoliosis is poorly established and mostly unknown. In adolescent scoliosis, it seems that presence of scoliosis is mostly ...


6

The only studies I'm aware of come from the Emergency Medicine Journal, but other should exist for sure. Some say it has drawbacks (discomfort, pressure sore) and that alternatives such as the vacuum mattress should be preferred: Comparison of a long spinal board and vacuum mattress for spinal immobilisation The use of the spinal board after the pre-...


4

The headache after lumbar puncture is common (~30%) and is not migraine headache. The mechanism is not entirely clear but likely involves a drop of cerebrospinal fluid volume and/or pressure (PubMed): There are two possible explanations. Firstly, the low CSF [cerebrospinal fluid] volume depletes the cushion of fluid supporting the brain and its ...


4

How can I deal with standing for long periods? I have an odd sensation, like pins and needles The technical name for that kind of altered sensation is paraesthesia. It can have a number of causes; so much so that if you are getting this and it's bothering you the usual response applies: go and seek medical advice. On the other hand, if you are still a bit ...


4

I think you are misunderstanding what that sentence says - as I interpret it it means that the posterior discs from C3 to C7 are bulging. So all five of them, C3/4/5/6/7 (or rather, the four discs between them) are affected.


3

I took a quick look at the National Registry site, and their practice tests still show protocols and usage questions for backboard application, so if it is a new national EMS policy, then it isn't showing on the tests. However, I was able to find a couple of articles on EMSWorld and on JEMS (Journal of Emergency Medical Services) citing current research ...


3

Under no circumstances should you ever allow chiropractic manipulation of the neck unless you're interested causing a stroke or paralysis. There is an artery that exits between two cervical vertebrae. If it gets pinched off, it can cause a full-blown stroke, and over-manipulation can actually break the neck.


3

A herniated disc means that a part of a disc has ruptured and squeezed out beyond its regular circumference. A herniated disc may or may not press upon the spinal cord or a root of a spinal nerve. Spondylosis refers to age-related wear and tear of the spinal discs, which is the most common cause of a herniated disc. Cervical spondylosis means that the neck (...


2

I'm not entirely certain what you mean by "spine misalignment", but there are certainly traumatic injuries to the cervical neck that can indirectly result in full or partial blindness. This would usually occur due to neurovascular compromise. Cervical artery dissections with subsequent cerebral infarction and homonymous hemianopia are a classic cause of ...


2

No, not that I'm aware. You might see this referred to in Chiropractic charts but chiropractic is an alternative non-science based system. Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine mostly concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine. Proponents claim that such disorders affect ...


2

For now, I can provide only a very limited answer: The pain in your chest possibly arises from the joints between the sternum and the cartilages of the ribs. The condition is called costochondritis. There are no blood or imaging tests to confirm it, so a doctor can make diagnosis solely from a physical examination. You've said you can lie on the back. By ...


1

A herniated (slipped) disc in the neck (cervical) spine causes pain in the neck, between the shoulder blades and often radiates down one arm. Placing a hand on the affected side on top of the head often relieves the pain. Applying pressure on top of the head often aggravates the pain in the arm (Spurling's test - video, 1 min). A herniated disc in the lower ...


1

To me it appears like an extrusion, have a close look at this. The aperture of the disk material that is outside its confined space is larger than the the width of its normal boundaries. Since, it's very minor I still doubt to completely categorize it. I read an article that explains the difference between "disk protrusion & extrusion": here is the ...


1

The atlas can be felt. It's the first protuberance you feel at the top of the spine. The axis is the second one. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4486993/


1

This answer includes some speculation in the end. Since this is also a speculative question I hope that's okay :-) if people who suffer from paralysis, specifically those who can't walk anymore, lose strength in their skeletal structure from the waist down as well. Yes. Bones that aren't used lose mass. In a study of 89 men who had been in a wheelchair ...


1

I am a massage therapist, and I do recommend the cushion systems for stomach sleepers, which allows the head to remain straight and the spine aligned during sleep. Also, from the point of view of a yoga practitioner, I would suggest that sleeping on the stomach will put more pressure on the abdomen and chest during sleep, making the organs and lungs work ...


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