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To add additional information to the other answer, adenosine (as a drug) does not require anything for metabolism other than enzymes typically present in blood. There are some genetic factors that interfere with this metabolism, and from personal practice it makes for a rather uncomfortable moment. Also, adenosine is not a neurotransmitter (directly ...


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ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is used by the cells as a source of energy. When you are awake, the brain cells use a lot of energy, and ATP is quickly consumed, and it becomes AMP (adenosine monophosphate). One decay product of AMP is adenosine. So, the more your "fuel" is running out, the more adenosine has accumulated. So high adenosine is a signal for the ...


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Although not a "respiratory stimulant" in the sense of stimulating muscles of respiratory, hypoglossal nerve stimulation devices, such as INSPIRE, can stimulate your tongue to move forward when sleeping, which opens up the upper airway and allows for better breathing. The STAR trial showed that hypoglossal nerve stimulation can reduce sleep apnea ...


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According to encyclopedia.com 1 the production of the hormone melatonin (5-methoxy-N-acetyltrypt-amine) varies over the course of a lifetime and over the course of a day. Newborn babies produce very little of this hormone but after the first few months of life the pineal gland increases its production of melatonin. The highest levels occur in children who ...


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