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There are several "pill identifiers" available online: RxList WebMD Drugs.com (international database from 185 countries) You enter the shape and color of a pill and any imprints and you get the pictures with drug names. There are apps for mobile phones: ID My Pill You take a photo of a pill and you get the info. Or you go to a search engine and type "...


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In short: In some studies, smoking was associated with reduced risk of retinopathy only in individuals with diabetes type 2, but with an increased risk in those with type 1. In diabetes type 2, nicotine may further increase insulin levels, which may be protective against retinopathy. In this study UKPDS 50: Risk factors for incidence and progression of ...


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The main reason why you'd want to prescribe effervescent tablets is when the person can't swallow tablets, or, the tablet is unpleasantly large such as some calcium tablets. Then one can use dispersible calcium tablets. However, the reasons one manufacturer lists are: Oral dosage forms are the most popular way of taking medication, despite having some ...


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I've previously researched the answer to this question. I've inserted my research on this answer below. I'm very interested to hear what you think. Nicotine is a component of cigarette smoke. Nicotine promotes angiogenesis in the laboratory (1), including in human retinal endothelial cells.(2) However, surprisingly “cigarette smoke” inhibits angiogenesis in ...


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To understand the advantages of Extended Release (ER) and Delayed Release (DR) formulations, the primary differences between them should be highlighted. Taken from "A Clinician's Guide to Oral Extended-Release Drug Delivery Systems in Epilepsy" (italics are mine): Delayed-Release (DR) Formulations. The US Pharmacopeia (USP) defines DR as a dosage form ...


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Nusinersen is a very new drug approved just a few days ago by FDA. First of all you have to find a center were these injections can be performed (I guess there are just a few centers worldwide were these studies have been made). Try having a look at FDA website at this page to find out key doctors who ran experimental studies. Then try sending them an ...


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There are studies that state reducing a fever may prolong illness. Fever can increase T-cell proliferation and cytotoxic activity. A study in 1990 showed that acetaminophen and aspirin increased symptoms and made viral shedding last longer. While that doesn't exactly address the role of NSAIDS I would think it would be the same as aspirin and acetaminophen. ...


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If you take coffee daily, you no longer get a boost from it after about a week, but rather, you're just staving off the harsh withdrawal symptoms, not to mention over time it will physically change your brain to have more adenosine receptors i.e., "sleepiness receptors". (Ramkumar V et al, J Clin Invest 82:242-247) in a process known as upregulation "A 1995 ...


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There are many factors that play a role in not allowing you to fill all the refills at once. 1- a typical insurance will pay for your medication and will not pay again until 2-3 days before you run out. (Insurance polices) 2- pharmacy systems do not allow the pharmacist to fill a medication on a patient profile more than once a day even if you do not use ...


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Drug product seems to be the correct term, see https://biorelevant.com/blog/drug-substance-vs-drug-product/.


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This study answers that question. In it, researchers gave subjects 15 and later 30 puffs of racemic epinephrine and then measured the serum concentration of epinephrine. They later gave those same volunteers subcutaneous epinephrine at the dose commonly used to treat anaphylaxis, then again measured their serum epinephrine concentrations. They found that 1 ...


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In order to substitute lawfully, the 2 drugs must be bioequivalent and in the same dosage form. Therefore the 2 drugs not only must be chemically equivalent, but also therapeutically equivalent. In your situation, dextroamphetamine and dextroamphetamine salts combo are 2 different drugs. The former is a single ingredient product while the latter is a ...


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Bausch & Lomb Computer Eye Drops provide moisture for dry and irritated eyes. The fast-acting soothing effect eliminates eye discomfort. Bausch & Lomb Computer Eye Drops provide relief from exposure to prolong computer use that can irritate eyes. Directions •instill 1 or 2 drops in the affected eye(s) as needed Warnings Do not use if solution ...


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90-day supplies are dominated by mail order pharmacies. According to the PBMI’s 2014-2015 Prescription Drug Benefit Cost and Plan Design Report, 61% of employers allowed community pharmacies to fill 90-day prescriptions for maintenance medications. This means that although the gap between retail and mail order is closing, there's still a restriction in ...


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