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6

If PCOS is unable to be diagnosed by the presence of the 2 other criteria out of the 3 you listed, then imaging is critical to diagnosis if PCOS is strongly suspected. Diagnosis is important, as treatment can sometimes prevent complications. Of all imaging modalities, transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) is the first choice because it gives the best ...


6

PCOS can make your body resistant to insulin. When your body's cells become too resistant to insulin, that's called type 2 diabetes. Metformin makes your body more sensitive to insulin, so it can help prevent type 2 diabetes in PCOS patients who do not yet have it. Metformin doesn't treat PCOS itself, and it's not approved by the FDA to treat PCOS. Its use ...


4

I think your question contains many personal parts which I can't answer and should be addressed by your gynaecologist. However, I will try to bring some clarifications to some of your raised issues: If you have PCOS are you more likely to have endometriosis? Actually, two studies have investigated this. The first study was conducted in 1989 and included ...


3

PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is compound entity. It means that if you want to diagnose PCOS, the complaints (less frequent cycles, acne etc.) are not sufficient - you have to prove both the anatomical component (usually with ultrasound to describe the cysts) and the functional component (less frequent menstrual periods, androgen excess as measured by ...


3

During Transvaginal Ultrasaund procedure defloration (breaking a hymen) can happen but not necessarily;It depends on several factors. Transvaginal Ultrasaund in virgins should be performed only with patent's signed informed consent form (or by close relatives if patient is not of legal age or is unable to do so). This is very important,especially in ...


2

The short answer: her periods will probably be irregular when she stops taking birth control, unless she's taken other measures to reduce her PCOS symptoms. Source: I'm a medical student who has PCOS. The long answer: While on birth control pills, menstrual cycles are entirely controlled by the pills. This means that if the patient takes the pills ...


2

This is a reasonably recent review of old and new treatments for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Bednarska S, Siejka A. The pathogenesis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome: What's new? Adv Clin Exp Med. 2017 Mar-Apr;26(2):359-367. doi: 10.17219/acem/59380. PMID: 28791858. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28791858/ As indicated in this review, ...


1

The pathophysiology of NAFLD is not fully understood, so it makes sense that there isn't much literature exploring differences in pathophysiology between people with PCOS and people without. There is an excellent explanation of the current understanding of NAFLD pathophysiology in this review article - see "Pathogenesis". You'll notice a lot of &...


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