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30

Most dentists - for most procedures - aim for a painless experience. If there is reason to keep some pain sensation intact, the dentist will inform you, and ask at appropriate intervals if you can feel pain. The efficacy of lidocaine and other local anesthetics depends on how closely your nerve distribution comes to the norm (they will inject the environs ...


15

tl;dr Current research seems to indicate that the brain is responding to anticipation or visual stimulus of needles being inserted, not that any of the theories supporting acupuncture are correct. Steven Novella reviewed the following article: Chae Y, Lee IS, Jung WM, Park K, Park HJ, Wallraven C. Psychophysical and neurophysiological responses to ...


13

Ibuprofen and Aspirin are both non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These NSAIDs can be differentiated into selective NSAIDs and non-selective NSAIDs. Non-selective NSAIDs such as Ibuprofen and Aspirin are both COX-1 [Cyclooxygenase-1, also known as prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 (PTGS-1)] and COX-2 inhibitors [Cyclooxygenase-2 ...


10

Please note that the pain scale is usually used to evaluate the efficacy of treatment. As long as the pain is responding to treatment, there need not be objectivity per se. Was it a '7' on arrival? is it a '2' after a couple of doses of an analgesic? (if so, Great! Can we safely get it to a '1' or '0'? Did it spike to a '5' today? Why might that be? Is ...


10

There is evidence of analgesic effects of menthol in scientific literature. It has been studied in humans and has shown to be superior to ice in delayed onset muscle soreness; in a placebo-controlled, triple-blind, cross-over clinical study menthol-based gel acutely reduced pain in subjects with carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms. In mice blockage of voltage ...


8

The most common ways to diagnose endometriosis are as follows: Palpation/physical exam Imaging test (MRI, Ultrasound) Laparoscopy* Laparoscopy, where the doctor makes a small incision to insert a camera tube into the pelvic area for a visual examination, is the only definitive way to diagnose endometriosis. In each case, the doctor is looking for cysts or ...


8

"Gamekeeper's thumb" - named because of the chronic injury incurred when rabbit keepers broke rabbits' necks between the base of the thumb and index finger - has more recently been referred to as "skier's thumb", now the most common acute mechanism of the injury. If you fell on an outstretched hand hyperextending your thumb (did it feel as if the thumb was ...


8

As you read, both TENS and EMS employ electrotherapy to treat acute and chronic pain, but the methodology differs. (Note that some of the references are to NMES, which stands for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation, and is considered synonymous with EMS.) Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulators (TENS) use electrotherapy to stimulate the nerves and ...


7

The causes of such pains are called back strains, and may be muscular or ligamentous in origin. It may be caused by: Physical exertion Fall Bending repeatedly Lifting heavy objects Emotional Stress Sitting in improper postures for long periods of time This happens when a muscle/ligament is overstretched, resulting in the injury of the same. Since spine is ...


7

It can absolutely give the dentist information which will help him identity potential problems. I recently had a root canal. It was a two-visit procedure, and on the first day, he drilled out the nerve fibers, tissue, and pulp, then placed a temporary crown over the tooth. The second visit was supposed to be a simple matter of removing the temporary ...


6

As you alluded to in the question, medications used for migraine headaches generally fall into two categories, prophylactic (meds taken daily to prevent migraines) and abortive (meds taken when a migraine starts in order to stop it). Your question is about the second group. “Instantly” (as noted in the comments) is a little absurd; there is obviously some ...


6

There are a few different types of injury to the skin. You can have a contusion (Bruise), abrasion (scrape), puncture, laceration or incision. The injury that you suffered is a laceration, as opposed to an incision. The main difference between the two is the cleanliness of the edges, lacerations are more jagged, incisions are clean slices. There's a few ...


6

I'll assume you're only asking about mechanoreceptors, else it gets too murky. Humans have four types of mechanoreceptors. Meissner corpuscle, innervated by RA1 (rapidly adapting type 1) nerve fibers. There are 2 of the fibers per square millimeter in the monkey finger (my source does not list it for humans), with 10 to 20 Meissner corpuscles per axon, ...


5

No one can diagnose your particular problem over the internet, nor should they. However, some general guidelines may be helpful. Swallowing the average gnat should be completely painless, as should swallowing the average mosquito, as neither should be releasing any (or many) noxious chemicals to irritate one's oropharynx. Some insects when swallowed do ...


5

It has been long known that use of NSAID have an effect for bone healing after fractures (1). Therefore the use of NSAIDs is recommended only for certain period after fracture and long-term use should be avoided. NSAIDs are either non-selective COX1 and COX2 inhibitors (ibuprofen, diclofenac, naproxen) or modern selective COX2 inhibitors (selecoxib, ...


5

The Numerical Rating Scale (NRS - 11) may be the easiest one to relate to. Between ranges can be looked at pretty objectively, but within ranges is more subjective. Rating: Pain Level 0: No Pain 1 – 3: Mild Pain (nagging, annoying, interfering little with ADLs) 4 – 6: Moderate Pain (interferes significantly with ADLs) 7 – 10: Severe Pain (disabling; ...


5

I'll assume by "stomach", you mean abdominal pain, probably lower abdominal pain. And yes, tampons can cause lower abdominal pain in the presence of endometriosis (ectopic endometrial tissue). The symptoms of endometriosis can include pain on micturition, defecation, tampon or diaphragm insertion, increased pain with menses, intercourse, etc. Use of tampons ...


5

Yes, there are ways. First, make sure the stomach is not squeezed by a tight belt or similar. One can support gas movement by massaging the belly. Since some gases tend to move upwards, changing one's position in a way that the exit is elevated can help (e.g. doggy style). Some herbs also help a bit, for example a spoon of caraway filled with hot water ...


5

Using any medication, including ibuprofen, in doses higher than recommended, is very unwise. There is a reason that patient information leaflets exist, and that health professionals insist that the patients read and understand these leaflets (and ask questions when necessary) prior to consumption. First of all, ibuprofen is a non-steroid anti-inflamatory ...


5

Summary: There are studies showing a difference in gastrointestinal problems and studies where no difference was observed. At least some of the effect it has on the stomach is not related to whether naproxen is released in the stomach or small intestine. There are two very small studies here: Gastroscopic Findings after Treatment with Enteric-Coated and ...


5

It is the information leaflet, which usually comes with all drugs, that should tell you to take them with or without food. For one/few time use, it can be better to take them on an empty stomach or with water because they will pass through it quicker and will be absorbed quicker, so they will likely act quicker and stronger (PubMed Central). Examples: ...


5

"Good kind of pain" is not a precisely defined medical term, but the concept is certainly a familiar one on several levels. Pain is an incredibly complex phenomenon that indeeds needs dissection for analysis. Depending on definitions there are a few kinds of "good pain" indeed. If you eat capsaicin your pain receptors get stimulated and after getting used ...


5

I have had a pain management course a couple of years ago - this was my research topic. As you pointed out the reasons are still unknown, also the treatment is basically aimed at treating symptoms an managing life with pain. This might be interesting to read if you are interested in this procedure called multimodal pain therapy [1] The tender points are ...


4

Even a gastroenterologist may not be able to reliable differentiate between the stomach ulcer and gallstone pain just from history/physical examination. This is typical (but not obligatory): Gallstone pain: Sudden onset of pain in the upper part of the right abdominal quadrant, just below the lowest rib and about 4 inches from the sternal line (or more ...


4

There are several parts in your question. Does pain trigger epileptic seizure? To answer this question, it is essential to understand what is an epilepsy. An epilepsy arises when the normal pattern of neuronal activity is disturbed (ie the epileptogenic threshold is altered). This involves different cellular and molecular alterations: change in neuronal ...


4

As an addendum (with some contrasts) to the previous answer (To be honest, I had the same feeling that women have definitely a different pain threshold compared to men.) According to WebMD (http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/chronic-pain-conditions), It is now widely believed that pain affects men and women differently. While the sex hormones ...


4

I think your question contains many personal parts which I can't answer and should be addressed by your gynaecologist. However, I will try to bring some clarifications to some of your raised issues: If you have PCOS are you more likely to have endometriosis? Actually, two studies have investigated this. The first study was conducted in 1989 and included ...


4

Yes, a tension-type headache is more of a pressing, tightening quality, and mild to moderate intensity. There is no throbbing. There is also no nausea. It is usually bilateral, so usually it is on both sides of the head. The forehead is possible...but not the only option. In contrast, a migraine is more of a throbbing kind of headache, and begins or stays ...


4

Try this: poke your tongue out of your mouth and, holding your hand in front of your mouth, jab your hand (finger, palm, whatever) a little with your tongue. Push at your hand. I predict your hand will interpret this as a very soft contact and nothing the slightest bit painful. Go ahead and push as hard as you can. Next, push your tongue against your cheek ...


4

It is indeed important to differentiate the drug in question and the individual and the intention for using the drug and the way it is taken, temporally. Painkillers – or analgesics – come in a wide variety, be that in the form of opioids, cannabinoids, NSAIDs, ion-channel_modulators, myorelaxants or uncategorised drugs like ketamine. Not all are usually ...


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