7 votes
Accepted

Is mint oil an effective remedy for headaches?

tl;dr Peppermint oil combined with ethanol may be useful when applied topically for tension headaches. Details A review (Kligler) found two studies that looked at peppermint oil when combined with ...
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  • 1,215
6 votes

Are there medications that relieve and stop migraines quickly?

As you alluded to in the question, medications used for migraine headaches generally fall into two categories, prophylactic (meds taken daily to prevent migraines) and abortive (meds taken when a ...
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  • 4,355
6 votes

Are OTC pain medications safer than prescriptions?

As a medical professional I find this very important question. No, OTC drugs are not any safer than drugs needing prescriptions. They are more dangerous. The rationale for this statement is that ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Migraines and tryptophan

Sumatriptan activates vascular 5-HT1 receptors. This results in vasoconstriction, which is what is thought to help the migraines. This is the same idea for giving caffeine, which is also a ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Dr. prescribed Ondansetron/Zofran for migraines & says it'll help with weight loss too. How effective is it for either (migraines/weight loss)?

Your question contains two parts. So I will address them separately. First here a small background on ondansetron: Ondansetron is a selective antagonist at 5-HT3 receptors. It is most frequently used ...
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4 votes
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What are the symptoms of Migraine and how to categorise into severe or mild etc

How to identify migraine Traditionally, if you had headaches you would discuss your symptoms with a doctor who would then classify the type of headache you had based on what you reported. If you didn'...
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3 votes

Can thinking too hard cause a migraine or a headache?

The exact cause of migraines is unknownNHS, although they are thought to be the result of temporary changes, or abnormal brain activity which can affect nerve signals, chemicals and blood vessels in ...
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  • 4,697
3 votes

Are OTC pain medications safer than prescriptions?

Generally, I'd say no, OTC medications are not safer than prescribed medications. However, I disagree with the opinion that they are more dangerous. Primarily I'd like to address a misconception ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Can lumbar/sacral/thoracic spinal injury cause migraines?

The headache after lumbar puncture is common (~30%) and is not migraine headache. The mechanism is not entirely clear but likely involves a drop of cerebrospinal fluid volume and/or pressure (PubMed): ...
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3 votes

Can a headache be caused solely by a smell?

Certainly, headaches can be caused by a variety of smells, perfumes, paints, gasoline, bleach and yes, air fresheners. A study in 200 migraine patients showed perfumes were the first most common ...
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3 votes

Why is there no triptan on the WHO's list of essential medicine?

The following is from the 2007 WHO Expert Committee meeting regarding the addition of sumitriptan: The Committee noted that the application was generally of poor quality and provided only a ...
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3 votes

Are botox injections approved by the FDA to treat chronic migrraines?

BOTOX is a prescription medicine that is injected into muscles and used to prevent (not treat) headaches in adults with chronic migraine who have 15 or more days each month with headache lasting 4 or ...
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2 votes

Why are chocolate and cheeses common triggers for migraines?

There are numerous papers on foods that appear to induce headaches. One recent paper (part 1) is Martin & Vij (2016). It goes into detail into the major players in foods that induce headaches. ...
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2 votes

Do painkillers cure headaches or just stop us from feeling it?

How do painkillers work? When part of your body is injured, special nerve endings send pain messages back to your brain. Painkilling drugs interfere with these messages, either at the site of the ...
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2 votes

What are the general causes of migraine and how can it be treated?

The exact cause of migraines is unknown, although they are thought to be the result of temporary changes in the chemicals and blood vessels in the brain. Some people find migraine attacks are ...
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  • 4,697
2 votes

What are the symptoms of Migraine and how to categorise into severe or mild etc

The migraine is a chronic neurological disease. Its main symptom is usually an intense headache that occurs at the front or on one side of the head and the pain could gets worse when you move and ...
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