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tl;dr Peppermint oil combined with ethanol may be useful when applied topically for tension headaches. Details A review (Kligler) found two studies that looked at peppermint oil when combined with ethanol for the treatment of tension headache. They rated the evidence a "B" for "inconsistent or limited-quality patient-oriented evidence" In my own ...


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As a medical professional I find this very important question. No, OTC drugs are not any safer than drugs needing prescriptions. They are more dangerous. The rationale for this statement is that always when patients are given a prescription, a detailed dosing guidelines are given to patient. Also physicians make sure that the prescripted drug is suitable to ...


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Sumatriptan activates vascular 5-HT1 receptors. This results in vasoconstriction, which is what is thought to help the migraines. This is the same idea for giving caffeine, which is also a vasoconstrictor. Taking tryptophan would likely be ineffective for a variety of reasons in terminating a migraine. First, it would have to be ingested and absorbed, ...


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As you alluded to in the question, medications used for migraine headaches generally fall into two categories, prophylactic (meds taken daily to prevent migraines) and abortive (meds taken when a migraine starts in order to stop it). Your question is about the second group. “Instantly” (as noted in the comments) is a little absurd; there is obviously some ...


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Your question contains two parts. So I will address them separately. First here a small background on ondansetron: Ondansetron is a selective antagonist at 5-HT3 receptors. It is most frequently used in the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. How effective is Ondansetron/Zofran for treating migraines? Ondansetron doesn't belong to ...


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How to identify migraine Traditionally, if you had headaches you would discuss your symptoms with a doctor who would then classify the type of headache you had based on what you reported. If you didn't think of something to report, or didn't think (for example) that your nausea was related to your headaches (and so didn't report it), then your headache type ...


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The headache after lumbar puncture is common (~30%) and is not migraine headache. The mechanism is not entirely clear but likely involves a drop of cerebrospinal fluid volume and/or pressure (PubMed): There are two possible explanations. Firstly, the low CSF [cerebrospinal fluid] volume depletes the cushion of fluid supporting the brain and its ...


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The following is from the 2007 WHO Expert Committee meeting regarding the addition of sumitriptan: The Committee noted that the application was generally of poor quality and provided only a limited review of the evidence. Although medicines for man- aging migraine are on the Model List, the information provided did not estab- lish the public health ...


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BOTOX is a prescription medicine that is injected into muscles and used to prevent (not treat) headaches in adults with chronic migraine who have 15 or more days each month with headache lasting 4 or more hours each day. It can prevent the next attack from occurring, but it isn't approved for treating an attack that someone is going through acutely, right ...


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There are numerous papers on foods that appear to induce headaches. One recent paper (part 1) is Martin & Vij (2016). It goes into detail into the major players in foods that induce headaches. Tyramine has a strange history with headaches, because originally, as Martin and Vij (2016) point out, people noticed that individuals on MAOI drugs who ate ...


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Certainly, headaches can be caused by a variety of smells, perfumes, paints, gasoline, bleach and yes, air fresheners. A study in 200 migraine patients showed perfumes were the first most common cause when headaches are attributed to odors (75%), followed by paints (42%), gasoline (28%) and bleach (27%)


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The exact cause of migraines is unknownNHS, although they are thought to be the result of temporary changes, or abnormal brain activity which can affect nerve signals, chemicals and blood vessels in the brain. It could also relate to your health conditions (e.g. chronic headache), vital energy or specific hormone balance at the given time. Such as levels of ...


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Generally, I'd say no, OTC medications are not safer than prescribed medications. However, I disagree with the opinion that they are more dangerous. Primarily I'd like to address a misconception people have about OTC medications (meds). (I will not discuss dietary supplements - also potentially very harmful - because the FDA does not regulate these.) Many ...


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The exact cause of migraines is unknown, although they are thought to be the result of temporary changes in the chemicals and blood vessels in the brain. Some people find migraine attacks are associated with certain triggers, which can include starting their period, stress, tiredness and certain foods or drinks. There is no cure for migraines, but migraines ...


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The migraine is a chronic neurological disease. Its main symptom is usually an intense headache that occurs at the front or on one side of the head and the pain could gets worse when you move and prevents you from carrying out normal activities. The symptoms of a migraine can usually last for few hours or few days. Other common symptoms could include: ...


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How do painkillers work? When part of your body is injured, special nerve endings send pain messages back to your brain. Painkilling drugs interfere with these messages, either at the site of the injury, in the spinal cord or in the brain itself. Many painkillers are based on one of two naturally occurring drugs: aspirin and opiates. Aspirin uses a ...


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It's the tyramine content as you rightly pointed out. The aspect of craving during stress could be an additional factor but the major culprit here is Tyramine http://www.webmd.com/migraines-headaches/guide/tyramine-and-migraines


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