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Memory is a complex cognitive function which relies on several neuronal pathways. Without wanting to go into too much details, the process of memorization is dependent on three different steps: encoding, storage and retrieval. Different brain regions are involved in the process of memorisation: hippocampus and mamillary bodies are the main brain regions (...


8

Antidepressant Discontinuation Syndrome Affects approximately 20% of patients who experience abrupt discontinuation of an antidepressant that has been taken for at least 6 weeks. There are a myriad of symptoms including flu-like symptoms, insomnia, nausea, imbalance, sensory disturbances, and hyperarousal. The definitive cause of antidepressant ...


7

Mental disorders are often accompanied by physical symptoms. However, it is of course difficult to determine whether this is the mental disorder causing the symptoms or it usually "co-appearing" together with other conditions. There are many physical conditions that appear more often in people with certain psychological conditions. Here are a few studies you ...


7

The severity of Tourette's varies from person to person and can range from mild, requiring no treatment, to severe, requiring medication and/or behavioral therapy. The tics that are the hallmark of Tourette's also change over time in frequency, type, and severity, so it is possible that someone with Tourette's might need medication at some times and not ...


7

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), also known as the DSM, is the guide for any psychological disorders, and the DSM-5 which is the current version (APA, 2013) describes Social Anxiety Disorder as follows: A. A persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations in which the person is exposed to ...


6

As going through your question, you show your inner feelings. So it is better you to go with "Psychologist". Psychiatrist is a medical doctor, he or she has the knowledge and training to evaluate underlying medical problems or drug effects that could cause emotional or behavioral symptoms. Whereas Psychologist deals with mental health. Psychologists ...


6

This is an issue for which YOU NEED to have a risks-benefits discussion with a doctor. Only they can help guide you whether to continue the medication or not, as there may be risks either way. I am answering this question because it is helpful to be aware that until recently, the FDA classified medications into Pregnancy Risk Categories based upon evidence ...


5

This answer is based on the fact that you have been in a region with less sunlight for several years and continue to suffer. It therefore focuses on Seasonal Affective Disorder, which you may or may not have. Seasonal affective disorder is an actual illness, and a form of depression. Unfortunately, it is underdiagnosed and undertreated. It is recognized in ...


5

Behavioral therapy works well. Behavioral therapists initially focus on teaching what anxiety is, helping the client to identify anxiety responses, teaching relaxation techniques, setting goals, discussing methods to achieve those goals, and helping the client to visualize phobic situations. One behavioral therapy often used to treat phobias is ...


5

I think there is only so little you can do about the fat accumulation. These things are work of natural evolution and genetics. From the Female body shape article in Wikipedia: Estrogens cause higher levels of fat to be stored in a female body than in a male body. They also affect body fat distribution, causing fat to be stored in the buttocks, thighs, ...


5

what is the medically advised time between taking an antidepressant and coffee? There is no such time, and there cannot be. All we know is that there are negative consequences when you take them together. We know that there are must be spacing schedules when the consequences must be milder than with other schedules. But we have neither the data nor the ...


5

Thyroid function and serotonin activity are highly linked. Serotonin stimulates hypothalamic TRH (Thyroid Releasing Hormone) production, leading to an increase in TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) production from the pituitary. Serotonin stimulates hypothalamic TRH production which leads to an increase in TSH production from the pituitary. Adequate ...


5

Munchausen by proxy has been diagnosed for caregiver/care receiver relationships that were not parent / child. Munchausen by adult proxy is an article reviewing 13 cases found in the medical literature where the care receiver in the relationship was an adult. Not all of the perpetrators were parents. The perpetrator was the victim's mother in 3 cases, ...


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A psychologist could help her, e.g. using Cognitive behavioral therapy. It's likely that whenever she feels that something doesn't feel quite right and the idea that this could be cancer crosses her mind, she doesn't have enough knowledge to dismiss such thoughts on their merit. If she is taught about this, then she can start to suppress such thoughts. But ...


5

Micromedex does not list any precautions or patient educations notes for Dexedrine and caffeine. However both substances can have an effect on heart rate and blood pressure. Large amounts of caffeine like energy drinks or espresso would be ill advised, but I wouldn't think the small amount in a pop would have significant effects especially if you're decently ...


5

A recent literature review of the evidence regarding long term effects of cannabis (3 weeks or longer since last use) reported: Cannabis appears to continue to exert impairing effects in executive functions even after 3 weeks of abstinence and beyond. While basic attentional and working memory abilities are largely restored, the most enduring and ...


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You express insight into your weaknesses in coping with stress, and a desire to build healthier coping mechanisms. A person does not need to be in the acute phase of a psychological problem to seek therapy for it. Prevention is part of psychology. Even Wikipedia lists prevention in the definition of clinical psychology. In health fields, primary ...


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Basal metabolic rate is essentially energy expenditure at rest, whereas metabolism is a general term for net anabolism and catabolism - however, often metabolism is used to refer to basal metabolism + activity energy expenditure. There are lots of unsubstantiated product claims (i.e. scams) for weight loss. I have not found evidence for herbal teas raising ...


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As far as I can see, your source for saying these two shouldn't be combined is a user on Reddit. That is not a reliable medical source. The package inserts of Ritalin and Concerta don't mention coffee consumption. This is interesting because coffee being such a ubiquitous drug, you'd think if the combination was dangerous or discouraged, there would be ...


4

Since you mention several of these episodes weeks apart, a few possible diagnosis come to my mind: One possible diagnosis for a person with these symptoms could be (rapid cycling) bipolar disorder. While bipolar disorder is often associated with people experiencing very noticeable episodes of mania, bipolar disorder can also present with "hypomania" a less ...


4

Well it depends on what antidepressant you are taking. Caffeine works as a substrate and as an inhibitor for an enzyme called CYP1A2 (1). As so, metabolism of all other drugs which are processed by CYP1A2 enzyme are possibly influenced by administration of caffeine. Following antidepressants are processed by CYP1A2 (2): amitriptyline clomi- and ...


4

As the saying goes, anything is a poison, it's the dose that matters. Short summary, the new 2015 US PHS standard (0.7 mg/L) or even the old one (0.7-1.2 mg/L) are below the doses at which negative effects were observed in China (2.5-4.1 mg/L), and the evidence from there is not of high quality, even though there's one meta-analysis of it. (As a cautionary ...


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Usually on health SE the question about specific steps and/or medication to help you would be closed as personal medical advice question, and you would be prompted to ask a medical professional's help. But, since you have given a detailed explanation why you don't think it would work for you, I hope this answer will help you and other who have a similar ...


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Welcome to Health SE! Astrophobia I did a Google search for [ fear of space ] and looked at what appeared. I think that your phobia is called "astrophobia". See, for example, this Wiktionary definition. Causes You can try a Google search, and look at some of the results, to learn why phobias develop. Treatment Like all phobias, and like all other ...


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