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Dysmenorrhea (pain with menstruation) can be primary or secondary. The first thing a woman should do is see a physician to determine which kind of dysmenorrhea she has. Primary dysmenorrhea is painful menstruation with a normal pelvic examination (no causes can be determined). It is is by far the most common gynecologic problem in menstruating women, can ...


8

The most common ways to diagnose endometriosis are as follows: Palpation/physical exam Imaging test (MRI, Ultrasound) Laparoscopy* Laparoscopy, where the doctor makes a small incision to insert a camera tube into the pelvic area for a visual examination, is the only definitive way to diagnose endometriosis. In each case, the doctor is looking for cysts or ...


8

Menstrual blood is composed of a mixture of blood (blood cells), vaginal secretions, endometrial cells and inflammatory cells. I have found no study investigating the change in colour of mentruation blood . However, the presence of endometrial cells (mucosa lining of the uterus) and necrotic cells (from the endometrium) is supposed to be highest during the ...


5

I'll assume by "stomach", you mean abdominal pain, probably lower abdominal pain. And yes, tampons can cause lower abdominal pain in the presence of endometriosis (ectopic endometrial tissue). The symptoms of endometriosis can include pain on micturition, defecation, tampon or diaphragm insertion, increased pain with menses, intercourse, etc. Use of tampons ...


5

You should not skip any pills when taking oral contracptives. Breakthrough bleeding is not uncommon, especially early on, and the pill is still effective at preventing pregnancy. You should, however, report breakthrough bleeding; your doctor may want to change your pill. Breakthrough Bleeding is one of the most common reasons for women to stop taking their ...


4

Questions about medications are usually best answered by the manufacturer, or by a site such as drugs.com or rxlist.com. In this case, the manufacturer has this to say: You have to know that POSTINOR may disrupt the regularity of your period that month. Your period may come earlier than usual or later. I don't know why you think these drugs would cause ...


3

After a “LH-Surge” (LH - Lutheinizing Hormone) (which occurs around day 12 of cycle due to inverting the effect of estradiol on the secretion of LH from the adenohypohysis) the ovulation occurs and the second phase of menstrual cycle, the luteal phase, begins. The remaining parts of the dominant follicle are transformed into the corpus luteum, which produces ...


2

Heave menstruation can be a pathology, which is called menorrhagia. There is a multitude of medication available: NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve), help reduce menstrual blood loss. NSAIDs have the added benefit of relieving painful menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea). Tranexamic acid (Lysteda) only needs to be ...


2

The short answer: her periods will probably be irregular when she stops taking birth control, unless she's taken other measures to reduce her PCOS symptoms. Source: I'm a medical student who has PCOS. The long answer: While on birth control pills, menstrual cycles are entirely controlled by the pills. This means that if the patient takes the pills ...


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