6

Because we know its genomic sequence. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2720273/: Using fixed and frozen lung tissue of 1918 influenza victims, the complete genomic sequence of the 1918 influenza virus has been deduced. Sequence and phylogenetic analysis of the completed 1918 influenza virus genes shows them to be the most avian-like among the ...


4

We don't have any controlled trials but the physicians of the time greatly doubted the efficacy of mercury salves and inhalation LW Harrison, a medical officer in the Royal Army Medical Corps during World War I, described the effectiveness of Salvarsan and Neosalvarsan on soldiers who contracted syphilis during the war. [18]  Arsenic however, while being ...


4

There is an excellent wikipedia page about the the procedure called tonsillectomy: "Although tonsillectomy is performed less frequently than in the 1950s, it remains one of the most common surgical procedures in children in the United States and many other western countries." That WP page is amply sourced with research papers, the following box is just a ...


3

Alternative medicine is medicine that is outside the standard of care and typically has no strong evidence for effectiveness beyond placebo effects. If there is sufficient scientific evidence that a treatment is effective, it becomes part of the standard of care and is no longer alternative medicine. Alternative medicine does not mean "using 'natural' ...


3

Yes, TB can affect bones (in extrapulmonary or more precisely osteoarticular TB), but that form is relatively rare nowadays [even more so in the West], and even rarer for the sternum to be affected. On the other hand, it is one of the ways in which ancient skeletons (or mummies) were diagnosed with TB, but sometimes confirming by some other means (e.g. PCR), ...


2

Although I doubt that term would be applied to a suicide in a modern country, death records can be unreliable in other times and other cultures when suicide was involved. 100+ years ago suicide was often considered shameful and embarrassing to the family, so it's possible the death record was falsified to protect the family name. Since we have no way of ...


1

TL;DR: Yes, but it's extremely rare and I could only find one example. You asked: Has there ever been a medically verified case of someone having a big part of their body paralyzed for years, due to a car accident or similar event, who eventually recovered the normal functioning of their paralyzed body part? It's very rare but I did find one example: The ...


1

Without ultrasound you’d discover by palpation - feeling the abdomen. Each baby has two poles - the head and the bottom. If you can feel three clearly separate poles there must be at least two babies in there. It’s difficult to feel 5 poles which would be needed to confirm triplets. Alternatively, sometimes you can clearly identify poles which are ...


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