14

You're going to want to read the label from top to bottom. Serving Size and Calories The first thing you will see at the top tells you the serving size and the amount of calories. It will say "Serving Size {x} " where x is the amount of whatever measurement is used. It may also give the amount of another measurement (usually grams) and sometimes ...


10

The best way to avoid added sugars is to look at the ingredients list for the following items. This list is not complete, but I've organized it into categories to make it easier to remember and draw conclusions about unnamed ingredients. Obviously, anything labeled "sugar", such as: brown sugar [1] [2] confectioner's powdered sugar [1] invert sugar [1] [2] ...


8

Since I am assuming that you are obtaining generic drugs, the word after tab or cap is the brand that made the drug. Auro is Aurobindo, Shir is Shire, Sand is Sandoz, and Solc is Solco. Sunp/Sun is likely Sun and Sunovion, and Nort is likely Northwest biopharmaceuticals. As you stated earlier, cap is capsule and tab is tablet. There are also orally ...


6

There are some studied done about it. Here is the list of them Effectiveness of cigarette warning labels Perceived Believability of Warning Label Information Do Cigarette Warning Labels Reduce Smoking? Another study came up with Approximately one fifth of participants [by the way there are 616 adult smokers] reported smoking less as a result of the ...


5

The American label1 says "sodium", it does not say "salt". Surprising accuracy, but it really is just that one half of the salt molecule that counts and that is counted! It's really just the sodium. Only Na and not NaCl. Sodium: What It Is The words “salt” and “sodium” are often used interchangeably, but they do not mean the same thing. Sodium is a ...


5

In this case 8400 kJ or 2000 kcal indicates the amount energy what an AVERAGE weighing human doing AVERAGE amount of work per day needs to meet his/her basal metabolic rate. As so when daily input of energy is 8400 kJ / 2000 kcal this AVERAGE (wo)man neither gains or loses weight. There are so many factors influencing this basal metabolic rate that I wont ...


3

Per 100 gram: Sugars = 20 g x 4 kcal = 80 kcal Fiber = 2 g x 2 kcal = 4 kcal Protein = 1 g x 4 kcal = 4 kcal In total: 88 Kcal (368 kJ) and not 10kJ as stated. Carbohydrate total is also wrong. It should be 22 g (not 20 g): 20 g of sugar and 2 g of fiber.


3

Yes, it is a typo. 100 g of this wrap has 161 Kcal: Fat contributes 9 Kcal x 4.3 g = 39 Kcal Protein contributes 4 Kcal x 12.3 g = 49 Kcal Because there are 161 Kcal in total, the remaining 73 Kcal needs to come from 18.25 g of carbohydrate (4 Kcal/g). (Fat = 9 Kcal/g, protein and carbohydrate = 4 Kcal/g)


3

One could argue that the vast majority of foods we eat contain some ingredient that is in some sense "genetically modified". There is not, as yet, a widely accepted legal definition of GMO. See the LA Times article "GMO food labels are meaningless" for more on this topic. All bananas you eat are genetically modified. Bananas do not grow in nature without ...


2

There are a lot of different sources in food products that are added sugar. High Fructose Corn Syrup - you already mentioned, but this is probably the most common added sugar Glucose - also very common Honey Sucrose Lactose How to avoid added sugars Limit yourself when eating sweets Chocolate is the biggest offender; try dark chocolate instead of plain ...


2

You cannot determine the amount of trans fats because the information is not there. Trans fatty acids are a particular type of unsaturated fatty acids. More specifically, "unsaturated fatty acids that have at least one double bond in the trans configuration". So the amount of trans fats can be anywhere between 0 and the amount of unsaturated fats, which you ...


2

Generally, legislation of each country prescribes how medicines should be labeled. There are international guidelines, but national regulations always come first. An example of international guidelines on labeling are the ones by World Health Organisation (WHO) given in Guidelines on packaging for pharmaceutical products; WHO Technical Report Series, No. ...


1

It refers to exactly what is says - Na. It would be Na not the ion. Na is not just from NaCl. It is in baking soda. Look up nutrition on table salt NaCl nutrition 100 mg NaCl has 38.758 mg of Na Which is consistent with molecular weight of 11 and 17.


1

EDIT: Question: Why the Daily Amount of food from each group does match up to the weekly recommended amounts? Answer: The daily amount is for calories, which means that for individuals who consume 1,000 Cal per day (every day, so 7,000 Cal per week), Guidelines recommend 1/2 cups of dark green vegetables per week. Calories are listed as per day, because ...


1

The label is incomplete in a way. It's a rule by the FDA. NIH: the FDA does not require food labels to list magnesium content unless a food has been fortified with this nutrient. So unless it's fortified you probs won't see it as the labels are filled with other things like Vitamin D, Calcium. And milk labels are quite small. Milk is a good source of ...


1

SE participant Ivo Beckers provided the key to this answer. He pointed out that the Big Mac typically only has one piece of cheese, not two. So the big caloric differences are that the Big Mac has an extra half of a bun and "special sauce", whereas the Quarter Pounder with Cheese has an extra slice of cheese, 0.8oz more beef, and ketchup. Those ...


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