6

The intestinal and luminal protozoa are normally identified in stool specimens, the blood protozoa by examination of blood films with microscopy (malaria), and lymph node biopsy and serological testing (toxoplasmosis), nematodes, cestodes and trematodes by identifying eggs/larvae in stool/sputum/urine specimens. Advanced disease states might require imaging ...


5

Intestinal parasites can be detected by stool tests (and additional blood tests if necessary). Note that these tests are often false negative, which means they may not detect parasites even if you have them, so if you still suspect you have parasites, you need to repeat the tests. Treatment is with antiparasitic drugs dependent on the type of parasite. When ...


3

Stomach acid helps to get iron absorbed from food. Calcium supplements in the form of calcium carbonate will lower stomach acid levels and thereby impede iron absorption. One can avoid that problem by using calcium citrate supplements. The calcium that's naturally present in foods is not in the form of calcium salts like calcium carbonate or calcium citrate. ...


3

They are mainly certain sulfur compounds that cause smelly gas (Gut, BMJ Journals): ...organic sulphides of bacterial origin, primarily methanethiol, dimethyl disulphide, and dimethyl trisulphide, were the primary malodorous compounds elaborated by faeces. The cells of the large intestinal lining can break down hydrogen disulfide into dimethyl ...


3

Yes, an abdominal CT scan can reveal abnormal mucous lining in the small intestine, for example, in Crohn's disease (PubMed Central), lymphoma, etc. Additional investigations, such as capsule endoscopy and biopsy with histological examination, are usually needed to establish the exact diagnosis.


3

The premise is incorrect. The internal anal sphincter is in a state of chronic contraction and is not under voluntary control. When defecation occurs the sphincter relaxes allowing the passage of the rectal contents. Even when there is a colostomy there is still mucus produced which needs to be expelled on a regular basis. There is no disuse occurring. ...


2

According to Alittlebityummy.com (a website maintained by some dietitians), both sauerkraut and kimchi are high-FODMAP, because during fermentation, some carbohydrates are converted to mannitol, which is a polyol. A different reasoning from BodyEcology: Both sauerkraut and kimchi are already fermented, so they are no more fermentable by the intestinal ...


2

There doesn't seem to be a problem when you look at iron status so there may be other mechanisms at play that compensate for the effect of calcium on iron absorption. Studies on human subjects have shown that calcium (Ca) can inhibit iron (Fe) absorption, regardless of whether it is given as Ca salts or in dairy products. This has caused concern as ...


1

Chronic small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) can be associated with decreased calcium and vitamin D absorption, which can result in increased parathormone secretion, which can result in increased excretion of phosphate through the kidneys and thus in hypophosphatemia. In short-term cases, there would be no hypocalcemia, because calcium would be ...


1

If you are not pleased with what the doctor said or you do not trust him, obtain your medical documentation about your case and ask for the second opinion. Another doctor, in order to be able to give you a proper advice, will need to know the exact type and size of the polyp, was it the only polyp, the first polyp, etc. Here is an example of guidelines ...


1

Anal Stenosis, I think, is commonly seen in newborns or infants. This needs treatment by itself. A adult person having "Anal Stenosis", if he/she is passing stools normally, then he can, as well go for Colonoscopy. Colo-Rectal surgeons do surgeries, like complications Crohn's disease or Ulcerative Colitis or Megacolon, resection of Colon cancer etc. ...


1

Foods that cause bloating in general will also cause bloating on a flight. Foods that can cause bloating from gas production include anything with certain artificial sweeteners (like maltitol, which cannot be properly digested by gut bacteria), fruits (due to fructose), beans, etc. Other foods can cause bloating due to water retention - basically anything ...


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