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Carbonic Acid / Bicarbonate Buffer System CO2 + H2O ↔ H2CO3 ↔ H+ + HCO3 Metabolic Acidosis and DKA Includes the following: Decreased pH Low HCO3 levels This condition occurs when acids other than carbonic acid accumulate in ECF or when there is a loss of HCO3. Rarely occurs spontaneously but in is with other problems (starvation, shock, trauma... but ...


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Dietary sodium stimulates the excretion of potassium into the urine and potassium stimulates the excretion of sodium, but when consumed in usual amounts, this does not result in abnormal blood potassium or sodium levels (Harvard.edu, Bpac NZ). In salt-sensitive people, high sodium intake can result in high blood pressure. In these (and possibly other) ...


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