4 votes

Hyponatremia and hypobicarbonatemia

Carbonic Acid / Bicarbonate Buffer System CO2 + H2O ↔ H2CO3 ↔ H+ + HCO3 Metabolic Acidosis and DKA Includes the following: Decreased pH Low HCO3 levels This condition occurs when acids other than ...
  • 1,099
3 votes

How osmotic diuresis leads to loss of sodium, chloride, potassium?

As another answer has noted, increased tonicity of the blood increases the tonicity of the extracellular fluid causing water to flow out of cells into the extracellular space and subsequently the ...
1 vote

How osmotic diuresis leads to loss of sodium, chloride, potassium?

Loss of intracellular free water because of increased plasma osmolality, this causes water to move out of cell. After this, potassium concentration has increased inside cell, so this causes ...
1 vote

Do dietary potassium and sodium interact with eachother?

Dietary sodium stimulates the excretion of potassium into the urine and potassium stimulates the excretion of sodium, but when consumed in usual amounts, this does not result in abnormal blood ...
  • 15.6k

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