9

Initially surgeons did wear white in the operating theater, but there were two large problems with this. Firstly, under the bright lights, the white reflects too much light making an inordinate amount of glare making it difficult to see. Secondly, the white cloth highlighted the red blood which many people found objectionable. As a result, most operating ...


9

You are correct that this happens. It is infrequent (there are not "many", as you say, compared to true deaths), but it occasionally happens that someone - even in a hospital - is thought to be dead when they are not actually dead. In one of your stories, the girl was presumed to be brain dead, not dead. So strike that one. Hypothermia is a beast all unto ...


5

The reasons can be found in the training of Hong Kong paramedics. Their training is roughly comparable to the EMT-Intermediate level in the US. According to the Hong Kong Fire Service, which provides emergency medical services (EMS) in the city, their capabilities are as follows: https://www.hkfsd.gov.hk/eng/source/safety/paramedic_amb.html ...


3

If you're searching for treatments that are not currently main stream, you need to look on https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=melanoma+and+spain&Search=Search to see if there's a trial in your city or any other local to you. However, most oncologists will be aware of these trials. If you're prepared to travel, and can afford treatment in the ...


3

Disclaimer anongoodnurse has provided an excellent answer mostly based on the U.S. I will focus on Germany and European countries to provide you with a broader view of the topic. If you should live in the U.S., this will still matter to you as the medical aspects behind my answer remain the same in the U.S. Obligatory Disclaimer: I am not a ...


2

As mentioned above, there are MANY different clinical flows in the ED. But very grossly generalized, for the majority of walk-in cases to EDs (at least in the US) the flow might go: registration triage, usually by an RN wait forever (depends on the availability of rooms/RNs/physicians based on what other cases are present in the ED at the time) placed in ...


2

I suggest you get your employer to arrange for you to spend a few days observing in an actual A&E. You will be able to see the answers to these questions, the actual words the doctors and nurses use, and how they perform particular tasks (recording and communicating patient observations, deciding what room or cubicle to go to, telling a patient what room ...


2

If you are in the US, doctors can access your medical records in an emergency in order to render appropriate care: The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule sets rules and limits on who can look at and receive your protected health information, or information that relates to your health or health care you have ...


2

According to the NHS website (Health Careers) The job titles, Nursing Assistants and Health Care Assistants seem to be interchangeable with each other and other job titles such as Nursing Auxiliaries and Auxiliary Nurses. Healthcare assistants (HCAs) work in hospital or community settings, such as GP surgeries, under the guidance of a qualified healthcare ...


2

The UK national standard sets out that all ambulance trusts must respond to: Category 1 calls (life-threatening injuries and illnesses) in 7 minutes on average. Category 2 calls (other emergency) in 18 minutes on average. Category 3 calls (urgent) in at least 9 out of 10 times before 120 minutes. Category 4 calls (less urgent) at least 9 out of 10 times ...


1

In this report "Ambulance Care Europe" 1 in table 3.5 there is an emergency level and response times comparison between several EU countries. Showing a response time for emergencies in some countries at 5 minutes (Germany) in others 25 minutes (Norway, rural). For example, in The Netherlands regulations (not law) state that an ambulance in case of emergency ...


1

I've found 2019 Canada's Dietary Guidelines - full version for professionals (easy to read, references to scientific evidence). Recommended intakes for macronutrients in a 2,000 Calorie/day diet: (RDA = Recommended Dietary Allowance is the amount that should be sufficient for most adults ; AMDR = Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (in % of total ...


1

Through the collective experience of observing millions of deaths, we have arrived at the following indicators of irrecoverable death, each one a more final proof than the previous: Respiratory arrest (no breathing) Cardiac arrest (no pulse) Pallor mortis, paleness which happens in the 15–120 minutes after death Livor mortis, a settling of the blood in the ...


1

In my experience with one brand of monitors we tend to set multiple levels of severity of alarms at different volumes. The third tier alarms will be quite quiet and usually reflect a problem with monitoring (ie lead fallen off). The second tier are usually low-moderate volume and persistent. This would indicate an abnormal value that the patient condition ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible