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6 votes

In which version of the ICD was homosexuality classified as a disease?

I should look at the actions of American Psychiatric Assocation (APA) (1). Although American homosexuals today are still struggling for equal rights, no shift has been more drastically beneficial ...
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6 votes
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How was penicillin discovered, and was the use of it immediately realised?

The discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming was accidental. In 1927 he had been investigating the properties of staphylococci and when he returned to his laboratory after few weeks (which ...
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5 votes

Was there ever a vaccine candidate that showed negative side effects many months or years after the patient was injected?

Historically, vaccines eg 1955 polio vaccine had side effects due to manufacturing issues allowing live virus to appear in the vaccine in the Cutter company’s vaccine. In 1976, a swine flu vaccine ...
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5 votes
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Hitler's physician Morrel prescribed a drug that contained e. coli -- was this unusual in those days?

During the First World War many German soldiers on the Western Front suffered from dysentry. The physician Alfred Nissle compared sick and healthy soldiers and figured that the intestinal bacteria ...
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5 votes

When was congenital-analgesia (aka congenital insensitivity to pain), the inability to feel pain, clinically documented? How rare?

When was congenital-analgesia (aka congenital insensitivity to pain), the inability to feel pain, clinically documented? It was first reported in 1932 in this paper: Dearborn, G. V. N. (1932). A ...
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4 votes
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Was there ever a vaccine candidate that showed negative side effects many months or years after the patient was injected?

Live attenuated varicella vaccines do contain actual varicella zoster virus (Oka strain), which can establish infection in hosts and undergo latency like other herpesviruses including the unattenuated ...
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4 votes

Whatever happened to Tonsillitis?

There is an excellent wikipedia page about the the procedure called tonsillectomy: "Although tonsillectomy is performed less frequently than in the 1950s, it remains one of the most common surgical ...
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4 votes
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What is 'Rising of the lights' as a death?

According to the Glossary of Old Medical Terms by Craig Thornber: Rising of the Lights: croup - any obstructive condition of the larynx or trachea (windpipe), characterised by a hoarse, barking ...
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4 votes

Was there ever a vaccine candidate that showed negative side effects many months or years after the patient was injected?

I think the unclarity in this question (and ironically that it's getting upvoted while the answers to it are getting downvoted) is that the question doesn't specify in its numbered premises that the ...
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3 votes
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Was it a lab accident or something else that re-released H1N1 in 1977?

We have a more plausible reason for the reappearance in 1977 of H1N1. The thesis is that a live attenuated version of H1N1 (LAIV) was used by Chinese scientists who innoculated several 1000s military ...
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3 votes
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Awkward: TWINS, but from DIFFERENT DADS? How rare is heteropaternal superfecundation (statistics)?

From this answer on Biology.SE (given and researched by me): Yes, this is possible through something called heteropaternal superfecundation (see below for further explanation). Of all twin births, ...
2 votes

What did people do before the discovery of blood groups?

Short: before the knowledge of blood typing transfusions were attempted and near all failed. Long: There were many attempted transfusions that were mostly fatal. The first attempted (recorded) ...
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2 votes

When was brain cancer first discovered?

According to this source and this, brain cancer was first discovered in 1873 and brain tumor before that. We can't say for sure when the first case of brain tumor occurred because it may have been ...
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2 votes
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What disease/s killed Mozart? Or was it poison?

Nonetheless, we do know that he became ill on November 22 and died on December 5, 1791, one of many during a fever epidemic. According to his sister-in-law, Sophie, Mozart had a very high fever and ...
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2 votes
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How feasible is the discovery of the organ „interstitium“ (opposed to it just being interstitial space)?

Short answer The authors explicitly mention to have found a component of tissues, not an organ. Background The authors make no mention of an 'organ'. Here's an excerpt from the Discussion section ...
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1 vote

How sophisticated were efforts to track the spread of past pandemics for public information?

In three recent past outbreaks involving a new virus (or an old virus spreading)—the Ebola outbreaks in West Africa and the Congo, the Zika outbreak in South America, and the 2009 H1N1 (swine flu) ...
1 vote

Was it a lab accident or something else that re-released H1N1 in 1977?

According to a 1992 review the conclusion of release from a freezer is one obtained by elimination of alternatives: Where was this virus for 27 years? The possible explanations include ...
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1 vote
Accepted

In what time frame exactly was the 2009 H1N1 fatality rate overestimated?

If based on WHO situation reports, an estimate of 10% for the case fatality rate for pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 lasted about five to six days, not weeks and not months. This does not mean that a ...
1 vote
Accepted

Were earwigs historically used as a medication?

The term "earwig" comes from people thinking that the animal crawled (and wiggled) into people's ears. It doesn't. So this has nothing to do with using it as medication against ear infections etc. (...
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1 vote

What did people do before the discovery of blood groups?

The first recorded blood transfusion was done on dogs in 1665. Two years later, blood was successfully transferred from a sheep to a human. In 1818, James Blundell, an obstetrician, successfully ...
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