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Can too much potassium from sports drinks be dangerous/lethal?

Sports drinks contain trivial amounts of potassium. For example, one US gallon of Gatorade contains 480 mg of potassium, which is roughly comparable to a single banana and much less than a sweet ...
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7 votes
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Is Myocarditis infectious?

Myocarditis itself is not a virus nor is it contagious - the term refers an inflammation of the myocardium (a.k.a. the heart muscle). A viral infection is probably the most common cause of myocarditis ...
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Difference between hypovolemic shock and heart arrest caused by hypovolemia?

Hypovolemic shock may be a reversible cause of cardiac arrest (5) Mechanisms: Acute cardiac ischemia and myocardial infarction: these are due to decreased oxygen supply to the heart itself (remember ...
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What happens to the heart during cardiac arrest?

No, a heart does not necessarily stop beating during cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest occurs any tine the heart cannot pump blood to the brain at a rate/volume sufficient for the patient to remain ...
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How does a prosthetic heart valve "burst"?

There are a number of different heart valve prostheses, and the age and type of the valve in question would make answering the question somewhat easier and more specific. Prosthetic heart valves are ...
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6 votes

What will happen if you keep running? What will eventually cause you to stop?

If the runner can't drink then dehydration will be the first thing that takes him out. Water is the one essential thing he's going to lose rapidly through sweat, urine and respiration, and as he loses ...
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What is the best cooking oil for a person with ischemic heart disease?

To make it simple: There are two types of fat: unsaturated ("good fat") and saturated and trans fat ("bad fat"). Current dietary guidelines (American Heart Association, WHO) suggest that saturated ...
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Why is the crescendo-decrescendo systolic murmur best heard at the cardiac base?

It's not, unless you are using the term "base" to refer to the aortic root of the heart rather than the apex. A systolic "crescendo-decrescendo murmur" is the classic description for the murmur ...
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adequate exposure of the surgical field

It simply means visually exposing the tissues the surgeon needs to operate on. For example, if the surgeon needs to cut or suture inside one of the chambers and it's full of blood, they would be ...
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Is it possible for the lungs and heart to work independently of one another?

The above answer is correct: no they can't function independently. I want to build on that answer with a couple additional points. Consider that your heart beats while you hold your breath - but it ...
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Is it possible for the lungs and heart to work independently of one another?

You're overlooking one important point: Both the heart and lungs are living tissue too, and without both circulating blood and oxygen they will die just like all the other tissues in the body. So no, ...
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Should people with tachycardia avoid caffeine?

A regular caffeine consumer will likely develop a partial or complete tolerance to many caffeine effects and side effects, including increased heart rate. Tolerance develops within few days of regular ...
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4 votes
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Why squatting leads to decrease in MVP murmur

The murmur from HOCM is from the mitral valve leaflet jamming into the septum, also called systolic anterior motion (SAM). This disappears when you increase the volume of LV because if you increase ...
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How can I take blood pressure into the cardiac output formula?

For calculation of Bp and CO, Bp = CO * TPR CO = SV * HR Where tpr is total peripheral resistance, HR is heart rate(bpm), SV is stroke volume SV = End diastolic vol - end systolic vol Now, there ...
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Myocardial Ischemic Contractile Failure & Potassium

Your understanding about the mechanism by which the K+ ions leak out of the cardiac cell during ischaemia is correct. But, regarding the latter part, lets discuss what is the situation of K+ ions in a ...
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3 votes
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What will happen if you keep running? What will eventually cause you to stop?

It's been my understanding that a buildup of lactic acid (aka lactate) eventually causes the muscles to stop being able to process glucose. This article from Scientific American describes the ...
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Intra-atrial thrombosis epidemiology

In children, right atrial thrombosis is associated with placement of a central venous catheter. Berman W Jr, Fripp RR, Yabek SM, Wernly J, Corlew S. Great vein and right atrial thrombosis in ...
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When is too much running bad for your health?

The consensus view is given here. So, the views of James O'Keefe are not widely accepted in the medical community. Suppose, however, that the adverse effects of strenuous long endurance exercise he ...
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Medical procedure to sever the brain's ability to communicate with the heart?

I believe the term you're looking for is cardiac sympathetic denervation (CSD). This is a fairly non-technical explanation of the procedure. It can be left side only (LCSD), right side only (RCSD), or ...
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Can pectus excavatum increase the risk of cardio vascular disease?

This is a very interesting question. Thank you. Just as a small background on pectus excavatum (PE) (also known as "funnel chest"). It is characterised by depression of the sternum that begins over ...
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2 votes
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Isolating blood vessels and vasculature of the heart?

Yes, this can basically be accomplished via plastination, whereby they replace the normal water in tissue with a form of silicone. You can use it on virtually any kind of tissue; first time I walked ...
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2 votes
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Positive deflection of an ECG

The mechanism is depicted in the diagram you posted, most obvious in "A": ECG (and any voltage measurement) is based on a potential difference You don't measure the voltage at one spot, you measure ...
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2 votes
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Should I drink coconut water daily? Many sites praise the health effect

The article linked from the question mentions several benefits of coconut water, such as high mineral content, antioxidant activity, preventative effect against diabetes, kidney stones and high ...
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2 votes

Does eating fish help high blood pressure?

Question: Does eating (fatty) fish help to lower high blood pressure or does it help only when eaten instead of red meat? Answer: Merely increasing fish, including oily fish, consumption without ...
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Could an increase in heart strength result in an increase in systolic blood pressure?

Intense cardio training over sufficiently prolonged time tend to incerease the capacity of your cadiovascular system to carry oxygen to the muscle. One aspect (among many) is the increase in volume of ...
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Is chronic fatigue syndrome a symptom of myocarditis?

While you seem to be asking several questions in this thread, I will try to answer them as well as I can. Is chronic fatigue syndrome a symptom of myocarditis? No, chronic fatigue syndrome can not ...
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1 vote

Why do semilunar valves not need tendinae but atrioventricular valves do?

Unlike atrioventricular valves, semilunar valves' leaflets are concave, somewhat like shallow bags, which, during the diastole are filled with blood and therefore are pushed back to touch one another ...
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Why heart beats normal after AED?

TL;DR An AED stops the heart from beating entirely (beneficial in some situations), and has nothing to do with the death of cells during a heart attack. The rhythm of the heart is regulated by ...
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I'm OK with chilis and any kind of oil. But I can't take any chili oil. Why?

Capsaicin (the molecule responsible for spicyness) is a very lipophylic substance, meaning that it dissolves very easily and in great amounts in oil. It's not very soluble in water, however. When ...
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Which cardiac chambers are enlarged in ventricular septal defect?

The Ventricular Septal Defects represent 30% of all the congenital cardiac defects. Important is to underline that the interventricular septum has a membranosus part (superior) and a muscular part (...
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