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What is the difference between Eisenmenger syndrome and ventricular septal defect?

Ventricular septal defect A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital defect of the central wall (septum) of the heart. This septum divides the right ventricle of the heart from the left ...
Chris's user avatar
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7 votes
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Is Myocarditis infectious?

Myocarditis itself is not a virus nor is it contagious - the term refers an inflammation of the myocardium (a.k.a. the heart muscle). A viral infection is probably the most common cause of myocarditis ...
motosubatsu's user avatar
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7 votes

What is the difference between Eisenmenger syndrome and ventricular septal defect?

Eisenmenger syndrome is a clinical syndrome. A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an anatomic lesion. They are related in that Eisenmenger syndrome can be caused by a VSD (among other things). VSD A ...
De Novo's user avatar
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7 votes

How does a prosthetic heart valve "burst"?

There are a number of different heart valve prostheses, and the age and type of the valve in question would make answering the question somewhat easier and more specific. Prosthetic heart valves are ...
Gerry Creager's user avatar
6 votes

Who should take statins for prevention of heart disease and stroke?

I can offer a UK perspective on this, using guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE): Cardiovascular disease: risk assessment and reduction, including lipid ...
Chris's user avatar
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6 votes
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What is the best cooking oil for a person with ischemic heart disease?

To make it simple: There are two types of fat: unsaturated ("good fat") and saturated and trans fat ("bad fat"). Current dietary guidelines (American Heart Association, WHO) suggest that saturated ...
M. Arrowsmith's user avatar
5 votes

If high cholesterol does not cause as atherosclerosis? Then what does?

The NHS page you linked to does quite a good job of explaining why the study that puts forward the claim that there isn't a link doesn't actually quite say that with any degree of certainty. They are ...
motosubatsu's user avatar
  • 1,291
5 votes

If high cholesterol does not cause as atherosclerosis? Then what does?

The mentioned paper has been published in BMJ Open in 2015: The Association Between Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Mortality in the Elderly. A systematic review. The NHS article mentions the ...
Jan's user avatar
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5 votes
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Is the number of push-ups a person can do a good risk estimate for heart attacks?

Yes, or at least, that's what this article in a reputable medical journal says and there is no reason to be more skeptical of it than the normal skepticism that any isolated article deserves. The 10 ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
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5 votes
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Why is the crescendo-decrescendo systolic murmur best heard at the cardiac base?

It's not, unless you are using the term "base" to refer to the aortic root of the heart rather than the apex. A systolic "crescendo-decrescendo murmur" is the classic description for the murmur ...
DoctorWhom's user avatar
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5 votes

Why is there not enough research on heart stent and exercise?

Why is there not enough research on heart stent and exercise? There is research of stents and exercise! How much is enough? In fact there are exercise programmes, known as cardiac rehabilitation ...
bertieb's user avatar
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5 votes
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Difference between strength and hypertrophy?

The difference between the two concepts you are talking about is "physiological" versus "pathological" hypertrophy. Shimizu and Minamino note (2016. PMID 27262674: Cardiac ...
Ian Campbell's user avatar
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4 votes

Do all very old people have heart failure?

Maybe. Depends on the 95-year old... and the 25-year old. A heart failure diagnosis isn't just the process of getting older; it has objective criteria. I expect most 95-year olds would score above ...
Carey Gregory's user avatar
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4 votes

Do all very old people have heart failure?

Can aging of the heart be equivalent to having (mild) heart failure? Absolutely. A large part of aging is the process of telomeres shortening with each cell division, making our DNA more vulnerable. ...
Coma's user avatar
  • 385
4 votes

What is the difference between Eisenmenger syndrome and ventricular septal defect?

Apart from information on differences given in two excellent answers here, there is a major difference in treatment of these two conditions. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) before development of ...
rncardio's user avatar
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4 votes
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Difference between acyanotic and cyanotic

Cyanosis refers to a blue discolouration of the skin caused by hypoxia (inadequate oxygenation of the arterial blood supply). It is the presence or absence of this hypoxia that is actually the ...
Chris's user avatar
  • 3,414
3 votes

Is the number of push-ups a person can do a good risk estimate for heart attacks?

Limitations of the study:(3) First, the study assessed the association between push-ups and CVD events. The results do not support push-up capacity as an independent predictor of CVD risk.  Second, ...
Physicsapproval's user avatar
3 votes
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Can pectus excavatum increase the risk of cardio vascular disease?

This is a very interesting question. Thank you. Just as a small background on pectus excavatum (PE) (also known as "funnel chest"). It is characterised by depression of the sternum that begins over ...
M. Arrowsmith's user avatar
3 votes

Would it be fair to say heart disease, diabetes (II), and Alzheimer's disease are all the same health issue expressed different ways?

Sure, Alzheimer's is considered by some to be type III diabetes and the pathology induced is a combination of hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, and elevated glycation products.
Graham Chiu's user avatar
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3 votes
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If you are told you're going to have a heart attack in one month, what can you do now to prevent it?

There's very little you could do in terms of lifestyle changes. Quitting smoking, stopping excessive drinking, and stopping the use of stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines are the only things I ...
Carey Gregory's user avatar
  • 9,913
3 votes
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How serious is the risk of second hand smoke?

Unfortunately, you can't make a probabilistic estimate if you will contract heart disease or some form of cancer - there are too many variables to consider. How big is the room? How many people are ...
Coma's user avatar
  • 385
3 votes
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Myocardial Ischemic Contractile Failure & Potassium

Your understanding about the mechanism by which the K+ ions leak out of the cardiac cell during ischaemia is correct. But, regarding the latter part, lets discuss what is the situation of K+ ions in a ...
Harshit Shah's user avatar
3 votes

What does primary, secondary and safety outcome of a drug study mean?

The primary endpoint is the thing you design your study around. You choose a sample size based on a statistical power analysis, making sure you have enough participants that you will be able to detect ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
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3 votes
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Why doesn't the heart always pump at max speed?

I think it's a matter of energy minimization. It simply doesn't make sense for the heart to beat so fast when your body doesn't need the huge amount of oxygen and nutrients the heart cycles through ...
Stardust's user avatar
2 votes

How serious is the risk of second hand smoke?

Q: "How much risk (heart disease, lung cancer, etc.) am I at exactly? Is it a negligible amount or more serious. If it is possible to calculate or estimate, how can I do this? A source would be much ...
Klaus K's user avatar
  • 41
2 votes

How serious is the risk of second hand smoke?

Maybe this quote from a scientist who did secondhand smoke studies himself is more truthful than the first answer in the thread, which is grossly misleading. Secondhand smoke is highly diluded, by one-...
Klaus K's user avatar
  • 41
2 votes

Should high triglyceride level in blood be treated to prevent heart disease?

This question is old, but the answer might help some other people:) First of all: yes, high triglycerides are a risk for CVD. However, there is no evidence that treatment of moderately high ...
Tami's user avatar
  • 466
2 votes

Why would one Carotid Artery be blocked but not the other

The amount of blockage depends on factors that are somewhat random as they depend on many things that can sometimes be more in one artery and less in the other. WebMD - Clogged Arteries Plaque ...
Pobrecita's user avatar
  • 2,965
2 votes

Eggs & heart health?

Consumption of 1-2 eggs per day is not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, according to the following systematic reviews of studies: Egg consumption in relation to risk of ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 15.9k
1 vote

Beyond correlation, why is Frank's sign significant or not?

The pathophysiology of how DELC (diagonal ear lobe creases) and CAD (coronary artery disease) could be related has not been proven, but most likely has to do with the fact that both the earlobe and ...
themerlinproject's user avatar

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