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Is sugar in beverages worse than sugar in solid food (i.e. candy, chocolate) with respect to diabetes type 2

I assume by "(added) sugar intake from solid foods" you mean something like, "Is higher-than-average sugar consumption from foods (separate from beverages) associated with increased risk of Type II ...
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5 votes
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Use of injection containing both insulin and glucose

Glucose and insulin could co-exist in the same container without reacting. Intravenous insulin has been used to treat hyperglycemia. There is a risk of severe hypoglycemia and even death after ...
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3 votes

Is Glucose-6-phosphatase absent in all the 3 types of muscular tissues?

In humans, glucose-6-phosphatase is actually a multiunit enzyme system (Hutton and O'Brien 2009. PMCID 2785553). There are at least 3 isoforms. G6PC The first isoform, encoded by the G6PC gene, is ...
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2 votes

Does a sugar-free diet really lead to more healthy state?

In the past years of study, sugar had seen to be one of the most disastrous substances to our health. Excessive intake of sugar can cause a lot of health issues like hypertension, diabetes, obesity ...
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2 votes
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Is it true that brains can metabolize ketones?

My limited understanding is that fat does not get converted to glucose only to ketones. Protein can be converted into glucose (sugar) by gluconeogenesis. Ketones are used by the brain, though ...
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  • 198
2 votes

What CGM systems don't require fingerstick calibration?

I think its time to update this question: now there are available a couple of options that do not require the calibrations of the CGM through the fingerstick. The Dexcom G6, which it could be seen ...
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2 votes

Intermittent Fasting: Why is exactly *zero* calories special?

In summary, intermittent fasting could help decrease appetite and thus make weight loss easier for some people, but there is no convincing evidence that it would stimulate catabolism more than other ...
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2 votes

Is it possible to gain weight from only glucose?

Yes it is most certainly possible. Glucose can be metabolised to glycogen, but it can also be metabolised to fatty acids and triglycerides. Glucose is converted into Acetyl-CoA through the anaerobic ...
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2 votes
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Reason for different blood glucose values in left and right hand

I'm not aware that capillary blood glucose levels have been systematically examined but interstitial fluid glucose levels in one study using a Freestyle Libre Pro appeared to show higher levels in the ...
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2 votes
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T2DM Fasting glucose level - extreme cases

1) Blood glucose level 64 mmol/L is possible. From a case (a 16-years-old girl with diabetes type 1) report article Severe degree of hyperglycaemia: insights from integrative physiology (OJM, 2002): ...
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1 vote

The state of glucose in the blood

As pointed out in mytutor.co.uk in the basic biology section When we breathe we inhale oxygen from the air into our lungs. The alveoli are tiny air sacs in the lung where oxygen diffuses into the ...
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  • 5,872
1 vote

Why does kidney disease result in some things being filtered out but not others?

Healthy kidneys practically completely excrete creatinine, which means it is not reabsorbed in the kidneys. In kidney damage, less blood is filtered by the kidneys (decreased glomerular filtration), ...
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1 vote

Are there any studies that demonstrate an anticipatory effect similar to classical conditioning when increasing glucose levels prior to exercise?

I have not found any studies carried out regarding a classical conditioning to increase blood glucose before exercise. However, if you do not have enough insulin available, due to diabetes for ...
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1 vote

How do humans meet the brain’s glucose demand of 420kcal (105g sugar) per day on a healthy diet?

Most of your diet is carbohydrates, which are or can be directly converted into sugars, Vegetables, fruits, and grains are all primarily carbohydrates. Unless you are eating a exclusively animal based ...
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  • 141
1 vote

Why does sugar get such a bad rep?

Correct me if I'm wrong but, the sort of sugar consumption that gets a bad rap is the consumption of simple sugars that result in empty calories. In other words, the consumption of sugar-laden, low-...
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  • 250
1 vote

What CGM systems don't require fingerstick calibration?

I am aware of only three available CGMs in the US today: The Dexcom G4, the Dexcom G5, and the Medtronic Enlite. There used to be one more, the Abbott Navigator, but it was withdrawn from the US ...
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1 vote

Mechanism of Metformin in Lactic Acidosis

Metformin, a dimethylbiguanide, is a widely used oral antihyperglycaemic drug for the long term treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It lowers blood glucose in multiple ways, including suppression ...
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1 vote

Which is better for health tea, water tea or milk tea?

The only well studied effects of drinking tea are the Green Tea Catechins: I would highly recommend people pay attention to the bioavailability issue and pay attention to Quercetin. Green tea ...
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  • 1,083
1 vote

Elevated glucose right after waking up

What you may be experiencing is what is commonly referred to as the "dawn phenomenon". This is where blood sugar becomes elevated between 2-8am. This happens when your blood glucose goes low in the ...
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