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Race and ethnicity are risk factors in many diseases. Examples include, but are not limited to, cystic fibrosis and spinal muscular atrophy. There is also an epidemiological purpose of collecting this information. It is important to know if some disease is affecting some races or some ethnicities disproportionately. This is how it was found out that race or ...


20

There's a myriad of adjustments that can improve patients' treatment if it's race-informed. As a very small but characteristic example, the 2021 European Society of Cardiology Guidelines for Heart Failure recommend considering hydralazine and isosorbide dinitrate only for patients self-identifying as Black. Reference: McDonagh TA et al. 2021 ESC Guidelines ...


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Here are some random examples: Ashkenazi Jewish Genetic Diseases Bloom syndrome. Canavan disease. Cystic fibrosis. Th Familial dysautonomia (FD). Fanconi anemia. Gaucher disease. Mucolipidosis IV. Niemann-Pick disease (type A). Tay-Sachs disease. Torsion dystonia. Sephardi and Mizrahi Jews diseases Oculocutaneous albinism Ataxia telangiectasia Creutzfeldt–...


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Generally, Diabetes Mellitus is categorized into Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes.The type that you are concerned with is type 2 in which genetic factor plays a major role. Type 2 diabetes is a disease that is fundamentally caused by a mismatch between our genetic makeup and our lifestyle choices, namely diet and physical activity. Numerous genes ...


4

On a scale from sledgehammer to scalpel, race, as recorded in medical data is closer to sledgehammer in terms of granularity, but hey, sometimes we need sledgehammers (e.g. for broad epidemiological surveys). In terms of precision medicine, the promised dream is of identification of genetic idiosyncrasies guiding treatment - for which race is a very rough ...


3

The only data we have suggesting a genetic resistance to Covid-19 so far is that blood group O is protective and so is being female. The latter may relate to the numbers of ACE2 receptors since the virus uses this as one of its 4 attack points, and ACE2 is encoded on the X chromosome giving women more ACE2 receptors. Blood group O may confer resistance too ...


3

When you immigrate to the United States (as I did), one of the first things you notice is that you get asked about your race all the time. Want a loan from your bank, your race is recorded (if you decide not to disclose your race, the bank officer will take a best guess - really) https://www.fdic.gov/resources/bankers/fair-lending/. Apply to university, ...


3

The answer to your question can come from many angles. I do not have clinical experience, but I do have regulatory reporting experience. In the United States, the CDC runs a program called "Vaccines for Children". I've had to run reports on demographics of patients many times, specifically for the following VFC criteria located at the link below. ...


2

In addition to all the fine answers, there are even more clinical reasons for including race in your chart. For one, clinical lab norms and calculations based on the clinical lab values can differ by race. For example, the calculation for Glomerular Filtration Rate, an important indicator of renal function, uses a different formula for African American ...


2

I would like to start by saying that 23andMe performs its genetic test in CLIA certified laboratory. Processes like DNA extraction, purification, measurement can only be done under laboratory conditions. Second, 23andMe provides you with ancestry and health information and also allows you to download your raw data. Your raw data information is txt or zip ...


1

I agree with CCR's answer, let me add that the type of exercise that burns the most energy are cardio exercises (like running, biking swimming). Strength exercise are also recommended for good health, having strong muscles brings additional health benefits. But you cannot replace the benefits of cardio exercise by doing only only bodybuilding. By burning a ...


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