36

Products high in calcium and magnesium should not be taken at the same time as antibiotics of the tetracycline (tetracycline, doxicycline, etc.) class, and milk should also be avoided with the quinolone class. They have the ability to bind the antibiotic in the gut, decreasing absorption. There is no reason to avoid dairy products while taking other ...


9

This is very good and pragmatic question. I will answer no. First of all, there are no studies to date which would have investigated the life expectancy after cholecystectomy. Of course this statement can be hardly profoundly backed up, but if you search PubMed with "cholecystectomy AND "life expectancy", none of the studies will look at this issue. There ...


7

You have no lack of gut bacteria, that much is very safe to say. Everyone has gut bacteria in spades. The gut bacteria that you do have may not be the optimal, but no one even knows what the optimal gut microbiome/microbiota is. The study of the effects of different populations of gut flora is in its infancy. The most intensive studies are being carried out ...


7

I cannot speak of all possible gas medicines. But there is a class of them which is indeed low risk and over the counter. These are silicones, and they work in a purely mechanical way, not getting absorbed by the body. These silicones are the same stuff which you get in hair conditioner. They are quite inert chemically, and all they do is to change the ...


6

I haven't found any studies that would directly link retching and the consumption of tea. However, this would be a rather narrow research, so the lack of it is no surprise. Your doctor told you that your acidity problems may be caused by tea and that this might be causing your gags, and they are correct. It has been proven that consumption of tea is ...


6

There are many reasons why fried food can be harmful. The chief reason is related to the oil content in these foodstuffs. It has high oil content which may not be good if consumed in large amounts. Fried food cannot be tolerated by people who have undergone gall bladder removal. Oils are heated at high temeperatures and in many fried-food outlets (or in ...


6

It sounds like you know that some lifestyle modifications have been shown to be beneficial with patients who have mild to moderate GERD and that these interventions are typically preferable to pharmacological intervention. Right on! The definitive information on management of GERD can be found on the website of the American College of Gastroenterology. ...


6

Increased levels of stomach acid aren't actually listed as causes for GERD anywhere I could find. It is listed as a cause for ulcers, but not GERD: Increased levels of gastrin can cause increased release of acid and may lead to ulcers (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome) [Stomach acid test - What Abnormal Results Mean] Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs when ...


6

Chronic mouth ulcers are relatively common, especially in young people. It's called apthous stomatitis, affects at least 20% of the population, and its natural course is one of eventual remission. By far, most people with apthous stomatitis are otherwise healthy. However, when someone presents with recurrent mouth ulcers, one should always inquire ...


6

First, here is a small background on lactose intolerance: Lactose is a disaccharide present in high quantity in mammalian milk. Once in the intestine, it is hydrolysed into glucose and galactose, which are then absorbed. Lactase hydrolisation is dependent on an intestinal brush border enzyme called lactase. Intestinal lactase activity is highest during the ...


6

GERD is usually diagnosed based on history and signs and symptoms. If you complained of frequent heartburn or told your doctor you often take antacids, it's possible he based it on that. Confirming GERD can involve the following tests: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gerd/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20361959 Upper endoscopy. Your doctor inserts ...


5

Yes, there are ways. First, make sure the stomach is not squeezed by a tight belt or similar. One can support gas movement by massaging the belly. Since some gases tend to move upwards, changing one's position in a way that the exit is elevated can help (e.g. doggy style). Some herbs also help a bit, for example a spoon of caraway filled with hot water ...


5

Summary: There are studies showing a difference in gastrointestinal problems and studies where no difference was observed. At least some of the effect it has on the stomach is not related to whether naproxen is released in the stomach or small intestine. There are two very small studies here: Gastroscopic Findings after Treatment with Enteric-Coated and ...


5

Many substances that can be found in blood are distributed into saliva (but in different concentrations) so saliva as a biological material can be used for a wide range of tests. All of these have their advantages and disadvantages, and many are still not routinely used. The important thing to have in mind is that, in blood, substances are bound to plasma ...


5

During my last course called "Physical Examination of the Abdomen" (at medical school), we learned to palpate the abdominal aorta, which can be easily palpated in +/- lean patients. This book (freely available here http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK350/) "Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations. 3rd edition"...


5

This is most commonly a precaution to prevent Mal-absorption. Milk has copious amounts of calcium which bond with the antibiotic in the gut. Once the tetracycline (antibiotic) bonds, it creates a neutral environment for food to digest in. Once the calcium bonds with mil it breaks down the antibiotic as well as the stomach acid used to break it down.This will ...


5

The aim of taking two antibiotics at the same is to prevent an overgrowth of the H. pylori strains that could be resistant to a single antibiotic. The antibiotic choice depends on the individual sensitivity to antibiotics. Various treatment regimes have been proposed: Helicobacter pylori treatment: antibiotics or probiotics (Applied microbiology and ...


5

As Don_S mentioned in comments: Probably the overall mass of Loperamide in the package. The POM has 60 mg total of Loperamide, while the OTC has 36 mg at most (18 capsules being the largest package size I saw for Imodium). I don't know what is the mass threshold between POM and OTC medications in the UK, but it's probably between those two numbers (...


5

Pentasa is one brand name for a drug called mesalazine (or mesalamine). While immunosuppressant drugs are often used on the management of Crohn’s disease, this is not one of them. It is in a group of drugs called aminosalicylates (somewhat similar to aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, but the mechanism of action is a little different). It ...


5

During the First World War many German soldiers on the Western Front suffered from dysentry. The physician Alfred Nissle compared sick and healthy soldiers and figured that the intestinal bacteria were significantly different. Reasoning that perhaps the bacteria from the healthy soldiers might contribute to healing the sick, he isolated a strain called ...


5

Hard stool that stays in the colon for more than a couple of days is called "fecal impaction." Most medical sources recommend treating it with manually removing the stool (by a doctor, if necessary) and using rectally administrated enemas: Softening of hardened stool and stimulation of evacuation with enemas and suppositories is often helpful...Most ...


4

Even a gastroenterologist may not be able to reliable differentiate between the stomach ulcer and gallstone pain just from history/physical examination. This is typical (but not obligatory): Gallstone pain: Sudden onset of pain in the upper part of the right abdominal quadrant, just below the lowest rib and about 4 inches from the sternal line (or more ...


4

Not allowed to comment, so just a partial answer from my part: Salmonella bacteria are commonly found in the excrements of birds and egg shells are usually contaminated with them, and even let them through to some extent. Therefore it is very important to boil the shell in advance. This should kill more than 99% of the Samonella bacteria found on the shell: ...


4

Try this: poke your tongue out of your mouth and, holding your hand in front of your mouth, jab your hand (finger, palm, whatever) a little with your tongue. Push at your hand. I predict your hand will interpret this as a very soft contact and nothing the slightest bit painful. Go ahead and push as hard as you can. Next, push your tongue against your cheek ...


4

Various terms exist. Proctoscopy is a collective term for the examination of the anus, rectum and sigmoid colon (one or all of them). Anoscopy is the investigation of the anus (only) using an anoscope. Rectoscopy is the investigation of the rectum (only) using a rectoscope. Sigmoidoscopy is an examination of the rectum and sigmoid colon using a ...


4

Your stomach may contain bacteria that are harmless as long as they are in your digestive tract, but are potentially lethal if they get into other organs. A ruptured ulcer means that it's possible for the stomach contents to leak into the abdominal cavity and possibly the bloodstream. If the bacteria get established in you blood they will be carried to all ...


3

Honey is not appropriate for elemental diet because: -- It is not sterile (elemental diet for both intravenous or enteric use needs to be sterile). -- Various types of honey have very different ratios of sugars (Honey.com) including some disaccharides, such as sucrose and maltose, and also some proteins and other ingredients (the exact composition of ...


3

In addition to the home-remedies suggested by Marzipanherz - the warm bottle is a good one - there are pharmacological therapeutic options out there. Gas-X, Mylicon, others 1 Simethicone (an inert mixture of polymers stabilized with silicon dioxide) Gas can become trapped in small bubbles in the gut. Simethicone is known for its ability to collapse bubbles ...


3

More stuff = More time The stomach has sensory capabilities that help determine the nutritional content of what it receives. This allows it to "taste" and decide what it needs to add to the "stirring pot" to get cooking. When the stomach receives traditional foods like carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, it adds protein-digesting enzymes such as pepsin and ...


3

Even if the CLO test comes up negative on the biopsy, you could have your blood tested to see if you are sera positive for H. pylori. This would show if you've ever been exposed rather than have an ongoing infection in the polyp. This may not be medically significant, however, because it would not show active infection and a need for antibiotics. ...


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