26 votes
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What should I do if someone has a seizure in front of me?

The typical scenario of a seizure is: loss of consciousness uncontrolled movements recovery The conduct to adopt during each of these phases follows: During 1. and 2. The person will fall on the ...
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  • 2,250
24 votes

What to do if someone breaks a bone?

You as an untrained bystander can do little to nothing. Professionally trained paramedics could (as an example) pull the leg and thus remove tension between two bone membranes (periostei) and in a ...
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  • 6,480
17 votes
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Would butter on burns help or harm?

Short anwser: Never put butter, oil, etc, on a burn. This would worsen the burn. Putting butter, oil, or anything else would trap heat and make the burn deeper. It would also make further treatment ...
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  • 2,250
11 votes
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First aid measures for a snake bite

These are the steps that you want to take: If you can see the snake, be prepared to describe it. DO NOT attempt to catch it. If you can get a quick picture with a camera/cell phone, do so. Get the ...
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  • 6,524
11 votes
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How can CPR breathing be made less off-putting

That problem is already solved for you, at least in the US. Current guidelines issued by the American Heart Association no longer require rescue breathing. Chest compressions alone are now the ...
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  • 9,314
10 votes
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How are ratios for one person CPR arrived at?

Note: The following is excerpted from an article written in 2005. For lay (Non trained) people, there are more updated recommendations. The following is an example of the process, not the current ...
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  • 6,524
9 votes

First aid measures for a snake bite

In the case of snake bite, the protocol to apply varies slightly depending on the country. What follows is based on the guidelines provided by the National Health Service of England, the National ...
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  • 2,250
9 votes
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Legal issues when using first aid techniques that require certification in foreign countries

It does differ from country to country. For example, in France (As I'm sure you are aware), if a person fails to render assistance to a person in danger then they can by held liable. This falls under ...
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  • 6,524
8 votes
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Blood pressure monitoring and breast cancer

Many patients who have been diagnosed with breast cancer have their axillary lymph nodes removed. One of the main roles of the lymphatic system is to assist in draining extra-cellular fluid to the ...
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  • 1,680
8 votes
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Pulmonary diseases and oxygen therapy

The basic idea is that people with pulmonary diseases that involve chronic hypoventilation rely on mild hypoxia to stimulate respiration. To understand this, consider a basic homeostatic feedback ...
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  • 4,355
7 votes

Is using urine to clean a wound better than non-sterile water?

It depends Extended contact of urine on skin will cause skin irritation and eventual breakdown. On the other hand, that water may contain flesh eating bacteria. This is a situation of a lesser of ...
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  • 579
7 votes

AED on infants: risks of using adult pads

Adult pads have a larger area. And they provide more energy. The higher energy is needed because most adults have more body mass than children. Lower energy is more suitable for children. Source I ...
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7 votes
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Fact or Hoax : Unconventional method of saving human life from stroke?

My Grandmother died of a ischemic stroke (TIA followed by blockage) after weaning herself off of blood thinners because she didn't "need the medicine". Huge issue with his advice - the large majority ...
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  • 1,089
7 votes
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Basic CPR practice without a dummy

With a very small budget If you do not want to spend any (or very little) money on it, I recommend filling a small garbage bag with wet sand and then placing a cushion or pillow over it. I'm guessing ...
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  • 864
7 votes
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What is proper capacity of adult non-rebreather masks?

Ah, but they can and do. A non-rebreather (NRB) mask with 100% O2 flowing at 12-15 L/min will provide about 90% O2 concentration to an adult. This is true even for the largest adult in severe ...
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  • 9,314
7 votes
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Can a otherwise healthy person request a "do not resuscitate" order?

The MOLST (Medical Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment) form is an update to the non-hospital DNR, which as you saw in a previous answer has very stringent (and frankly unrealistic) requirements. ...
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  • 1,251
6 votes
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Can you cauterize a wound with gunpowder?

So this was an interesting one for me, because I never seriously tried to consider it. Most online sources that claim this say it's an "old army trick," but after reading several perspectives on ...
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6 votes

What should be done if a person is stabbed?

If the weapon is still in the wound : don't touch anything and call the appropriate emergency system (varies from country to country). Never attempt to remove any penetrating object still in situ ...
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6 votes
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Can I apply dettol & adhesive bandages on dog bites?

Tetanus Vaccine If you get a tetanus shot every five years you are good to go. The recommended dose of tetanus toxoid (vaccine) is every ten years but since: In a small percentage of individuals, ...
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  • 76
6 votes
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Why not induce vomiting after accidental pills intake?

TL;DR: The only time you should induce vomiting is if the patient is showing no signs or symptoms and you are directed to by poison control or EMS dispatch. If you have a pill overdose situation and ...
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  • 6,524
6 votes
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How safe are backboards?

The only studies I'm aware of come from the Emergency Medicine Journal, but other should exist for sure. Some say it has drawbacks (discomfort, pressure sore) and that alternatives such as the vacuum ...
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  • 2,250
6 votes
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Why do we continue compressions after the first AED shock?

The only thing that keeps a patient in cardiac arrest alive is constant, high-quality chest compression. Cardioversion ("shocking") of a patient aims to return the heart to normal (sinus) rhythm in ...
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  • 471
5 votes

How are ratios for one person CPR arrived at?

In Europe we use 30/2 for adults and 15/2 for children. For children heart problems are rare, so the focus lies on breathing (we also start with 5 breaths). With adults the focus lies on chest ...
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5 votes
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My friend accidentally drank camphor water and also swallowed a piece of camphor

Call the emergency services or the anti-poisoning centre right away. Don't waste your time looking for effects on the internet. Keep calm, and: Tell your name, phone number, location, Tell this is ...
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  • 2,250
5 votes
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First aid for a rabies dog bite

Wound cleansing is especially important when bitten, as it has been shown to remarlably reduce the risk of infections from animal bites in general, and in some animal studies, the likelihood of rabies ...
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  • 439
5 votes

What to do if someone breaks a bone?

So let's assume you're speaking of a large bone, like the arm (humerus, radius or ulna) or leg (femur, tibia or fibula), but not the skull, spine or pelvis. A good rule of thumb: the larger the bone, ...
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5 votes

Dealing with heat strokes

For starters, make sure you or someone close by is calling for an ambulance, because you need that more advanced help started in your direction ASAP. Get the person out of the heat, into air ...
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  • 864
4 votes
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Can I save road accident victims with my bare hands?

In short, the answer (regarding diseases) is yes. Anytime you deal with blood or other bodily fluid, you risk catching a variety of diseases. The risk is compounded if you are not wearing proper ...
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  • 864
4 votes

What to do if someone breaks a bone?

It all depends on the bone that is (or might be) broken, and on the overall condition of the patient. Call an ambulance for a fractured skull, vertebra or hip. Call an ambulance for open fractures (...
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4 votes

Why do we continue compressions after the first AED shock?

There are several studies that emphasize the importance of providing rapid and deep compressions and that CPR should resume immediately after the shock given by the AED, without the delay entailed in ...
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