Current research seems to indicate that the brain is responding to anticipation or visual stimulus of needles being inserted, not that any of the theories supporting acupuncture are correct.
Steven Novella reviewed the following article:
Chae Y, Lee IS, Jung WM, Park K, Park HJ, Wallraven C. Psychophysical and neurophysiological responses to ...
The HPV vaccine is most effective when preventing you from initial infection. While common, it's possible you haven't been infected with HPV. Even if you are, there is some benefit to still being vaccinated if you're HPV positive. The reason for this is that there are a number of different types of HPV virus, and the vaccine should provide you some ...
The percentages given are the percentage of couples using that method who will conceive over a year. So if 100 people use that 98% method, 2 will get pregnant each year.
Here is a page from the National Health Service in the UK that explains this as well as providing some numbers for some methods.
Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ZnO. ZnO is a white powder that is insoluble in water and is widely used as an additive in numerous materials and products including rubbers, plastics, ceramics, glass, cement, lubricants, foods, and as a sunblock.
For material science applications, zinc oxide has a high refractive index, high thermal ...
It seems to be unclear and likely some kind of combination of several factors.
The paper Fecal microbiota transplantation in relapsing Clostridium difficile infection mentions two theories as to why it works (and works very well):
The introduction of bacteria able to compete with C. difficile rebalances the fecal microbiota - under normal circumstances, ...
Magnesium, zinc and melatonin help to manage and control the sleep problems. These three natural components have their own mechanisms in managing the sleep disorders.
Firstly, talking about Melatonin:
Disturbances in the rhythm and amplitude of melatonin secretion may account for symptomatic disturbances to sleep and mood. Melatonin treatment not only ...
Here's an paper that might help you:
The short conclusion is
"Application of the scapular brace improved shoulder posture and
scapular muscle activity, but EMG changes were highly variable. Use of
a scapular brace might improve shoulder posture and muscle activity in
overhead athletes with poor ...
Retainers prevent the teeth from reverting to their original position, and therefore progressively force the periodontal ligament (PDL) to adapt itself to the new position. Doing a Fiberotomy accelerated the process by detaching the fibers of the PDL that are still trying to hold and/or bring back the tooth in the previous position.
This does not negate the ...
The effect of reclined seats on mortality in motor vehicle collisions.
The reclined position is associated with increased occupant mortality
in motor vehicle collisions.
flexion and compression injuries over pretensioned lap and shoulder
belts resulted in severe thoracoabdominal and spine injuries in
restrained occupants, with a high ...
TL;DR: No, sunscreen needs to be re-applied every 2 hours
Your product is the same as SPF 30 sunscreen
SPF is a measure of how much solar energy (UV radiation) is required to produce sunburn on protected skin (i.e., in the presence of sunscreen) relative to the amount of solar energy required to produce sunburn on unprotected skin. As the SPF value ...
Since 'the cure' or rather a vaccine against the virus is still only on the horizon, affected populations have to resort to prevention measures and supportive care, once the infection breaks out. Even with a vaccine, mosquito population control and bite prevention will be necessary to control chikungunya disease.
Chikungunya at the Door — Déjà Vu All Over ...
Is dental floss really effective?
The evidence shows that we don't know. Here the main issue is the lack of good evidence.
How we find how effective is? Simple: we took a group of people with similar age, similar dental status, and divide randomly to one group who will use floss and other who don't. Then, we wait for one, two or five years and compare ...
No one likes CVS, and computer glasses are said to increase contrast and decrease glare to alleviate eye stress. If you are sure you will be using the computer in the future for prolonged periods and have considerable discomfort, it will be worth the investment for eye strain relief and ultimately less magnification.
Acupuncture is often used to treat pain conditions such as headache, lower back and osteoarthritis. It is based on scientific evidence that treatment can stimulate nerves under the skin and in muscle tissue and as result body is producing pain-relieving substances (such as endorphins)NHS.
NICE recommends acupuncture only as a treatment option for chronic ...
This type of phenomenon will almost always be seen with drugs that target foreign pathogens capable of change, i.e., bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, etc. In addition to antibiotics, which target bacteria, antiviral and antifungal medications can also decrease in effectiveness overtime as the pathogens develop resistance mechanisms. For instance, HIV ...
Even assuming the same ecological conditions, efficacy of a vaccine is in a (dose-dependent trade-off with side effects. (This was e.g. easily shown in the phase I/II trials of Moderna's vaccine.) Even for the exact same tech/vaccine, manufacturers may choose different points along this curve.
Furthermore, the amount of "training" and thus ...
This is a link to the full-test of the article whose results are presented in the post.
The study reported used a study design called a “test negative case-control” design. References 15-17 in the published explain the “test negative case-control design and the rationale for its use to evaluate vaccine ...
Breathing into a paper bag to control hyperventilation might improve hypocarbia, but should NOT be done because of the risks of hypoxia and death.
This case report shows that breathing into a paper bag during hyperventilation can reduce partial pressure of oxygen by up to 42 mmHg (normal 80-100mmHg) and can result in death.
As answered by @arkiaamu, a better ...
I did not find any studies which would investigate that matter. Moreover, in 2008 Nillni and co-workers (1) stated:
Surprisingly, although the expressed goal of breathing training is to correct hyperventilation, pCO2 has never been used as an outcome measure
In a recent study (2) it was concluded:
Clinical improvement must have depended on elements ...
Hot fluids(including water) can:
Relieve Nasal Congestion
Soothe Uncomfortably inflamed membranes that line the nose and throat
By relieving symptoms you can make a person feel as if they are well or getting better. So yes I would say it helps. So just the hotness of the fluid can be a benefit.
From a study:
“The hot drink provided ...
First, it is important to realize that there are two main types of ginseng in wide use: Asian ginseng and American ginseng. The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center has information on both types.
Uses of Asian Ginseng
Treating angina, a form of chest pain
Stimulate the immune system
Treating sexual dysfunction
Effervescent pills have the advantage that since you ingest the active compount already dissolved the absorption rate is generally faster than for normal pills. This is useful when you need the drug to kick in as soon as possible, like medicines for pain or fever. In the case of vitamin C, I see little to no reason why you would need such a fast action, so I ...
Ferritin levels of 21 ug/L are on the extreme lower edge of the normal range. You can think about iron stores as follows. A healthy person will have iron stores of a few grams. Since iron is present in every cell of the body, we lose iron via the loss of dead skin cells, mucus, sweat etc. etc. The iron in red blood cells is recycled when they die, so we don'...
The pill slightly more effective than condom for contraception. Other methods are better still.
The pill is ineffective for preventing STI; condoms are mostly effective.
First things first. Statistics on contraception efficacy are widely available, so as a bonus you are getting info on several more types than just 'condom' and 'pill'.
Albuterol is a short-duration ß2-receptor agonist (to which it owes its main effect, bronchodilation); and while it can produce some effect on ß1-receptors (producing effects such as tachycardia), these will still be short-lived due to the short-acting nature of the drug itself.
More reliable exercise-induced asthma information here:
The only effective management of viruses is by vaccination. In this way diseases such as measles have been eradicated from some countries.
Currently there is no vaccine available so ecological measures such as controlling the mosquito vector need to be employed.
Vaccines are under development eg. http://www.nature.com/nm/journal/v23/n2/full/nm.4253.html
Salvia is a herbal treatment with a long tradition for this indication.
The HMPC has classified sage leaves as a traditional herbal medicinal product.
ESCOP: internally for increased secretion of sweat; externally for inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth and throat, gum inflammation.
Commission E: internally for dyspeptic ...
Your analysis looks similar to:
Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio (ICER)
ICER ... is used in cost-effectiveness analysis to summarise the cost-effectiveness of a health care intervention. It is defined by the difference in cost between two possible interventions, divided by the difference in their effect.
In your case, because of your ...
To first establish a baseline: Reading is great for your brain, your mind, your intellect. But it can be bad for everything else. You sit, you concentrate, you stress your eyes.
It is such a common causal connection that the NHS simplifies the analysis of causes for myopia down to genes and:
Short-sightedness (myopia) usually occurs when the eyes grow ...
According to the World Health Organization
Administering the vaccine up to 3-5 days after exposure has been shown to reduce the severity of the disease significantly, but studies vary greatly as to whether or not post-exposure vaccination can prevent the disease entirely.
Post-exposure treatment with antiviral drugs is effective at reducing the severity of ...