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Mild case of artistic license. The effects of epinephrine are rapid and can be dramatic, but they're not long-lasting. EpiPens are only intended as a delaying tactic to buy time for the patient to get to more definitive medical care. But how much that matters depends on the severity of the reaction. If someone had a relatively mild reaction and used an ...


5

1. Measure blood concentration over time through IV administration First you need to administer a drug in a manner that has 100% bioavailability, or completely enters the systemic circulation. This is achieved through intravenous (IV) administration of the drug. One then measures the plasma concentration of the drug over time to derive what's called Area ...


4

Yes, activated Charcoal (AC) can be given rectally. Although this is a veterinary journal, I doubt the principles are different and according to this article it's given in a liquid slurry, much like oral administration: Enemas also have been used to decrease the colonic bacterial numbers and substrates. The following types of enemas have been recommended: • ...


2

I'm afraid it would be frowned you all if I answered it by myself and took my response as a solution, but... As I mentioned in the comments section above, I found a very summarized resource on the FDA's web site. (1)FDA According to the FDA, Drug Review Steps Simplified is as follows.(This is a regular approve route. Not a shortcut-way.) BoxF1: Preclinical ...


1

According to this paper (full text freely available), "the somatic pudendal nerve stimulates striated muscle of the external urethral sphincter, mediated by ACh activating nicotinic (N) receptors" (from Figure 2 caption). And here is Figure 2 from that paper: On page 83 of the paper the Guarding Reflex - which is the bladder-to-external urethral ...


1

I do know that something can be injected into a patient's IV to wake them up immediately from general anaesthesia. That's not how it works. Many anaesthetics only work for minutes at best. A normal dosage of propofol would have to be renewed every 5-10 minutes. To "wake" you from general anaesthesia, they just stop administering anaesthetic agents....


1

After some research I found this topic which answers part of my question. It does not answer the chemical effects of mixing drugs outside the human body. 1-Nasogastric medications. 2-drug-administration-via-a-nasogastric-tube. (may require subscription!) I find the process of grinding different pills and serving them altogether strange I am almost sure ...


1

Through a nasogastric tube. What you call "interaction" would be previously known by general and common knowledge of pharmacology. The doctor must know about those interactions, the nurse simply administrates what was indicated


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