9

There is a great deal of both overlap and variability in the symptoms associated with pharyngitis. Many causes can include visible swelling of the tonsils and tonsillar exudate, and so can be classified as tonsillitis. The usual clinical question here is "should I treat this sore throat with antibiotics," which depends on symptoms, signs, history, and ...


8

The most common ways to diagnose endometriosis are as follows: Palpation/physical exam Imaging test (MRI, Ultrasound) Laparoscopy* Laparoscopy, where the doctor makes a small incision to insert a camera tube into the pelvic area for a visual examination, is the only definitive way to diagnose endometriosis. In each case, the doctor is looking for cysts or ...


6

There are quite a few free symptom checkers available online, for example: Symptify WebMD Mayo Clinic Patient.info (based on Isabel symptom checker) You can type in symptoms or choose them from the lists of 50-90 symptoms or so. The tools can be useful if your symptom combinations are typical for a certain disease. They can greatly narrow down the ...


6

Yes, there are other methods, but they are dependant on the type of helminth. Common tests for helminths are the following: serological tests molecular tests microscopic tests To have the most significant diagnostic impact, new techniques and assays should be simple and yield rapid results. Such characteristics could be achieved by reducing the number ...


5

Diagnosis of exclusion A diagnosis of exclusion (per exclusionem) is a diagnosis of a medical condition reached by a process of elimination, which may be necessary if presence cannot be established with complete confidence from history, examination or testing. Such elimination of other reasonable possibilities is a major component in performing a ...


5

What you are describing is most likely hyperhidrosis, a disorder that causes excessive sweating. It This sweating usually occurs on the underarms (axillary) or the palms of the hands and soles of the feet (palmoplantar). There is also another type of classification for hyperhidrosis. Primary hyperhidrosis (more common) is excessive sweating not related to ...


5

It was an assessment of your mental status. It's usually among the first questions an EMT will ask. The purpose is to determine if your are mentally alert and oriented. The reasons for this assessment are to look for possible brain injury (concussion or worse) and also other causes such as intoxication with alcohol or drugs, low blood sugar, and other ...


5

Similar situations are referred to by their common origin in the health sciences: medical students' disease, second year syndrome, etc. More generally, hypochondria refers to excessively worrying about having a serious illness to the point of having a psychiatric problem. "Cyberchondria" has been coined to refer to the common modern situation where people ...


5

URTI is a common abbreviation for upper respiratoty tract infection and GE for gastroenteritis, which refers to infection of the stomach and intestine, which is usually associated with diarrhea. An example of the usage of URTI and GE in a PubMed article. This source should not be used to make any conclusions about the cause.


5

UpToDate has a couple (1) (2) pretty good articles discussing current research and recs on the use of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). As it is behind a paywall (which some hospitals pay for, so you might be able to access it at a local institution), Medscape has a couple good articles as well (3) (4). I cannot accurately speak for national or international ...


5

There is no specific book that will teach you how to diagnose illnesses. First of all, medicine is an extremely large and complex science, consisting of different specialties, and every one of them has its own large spectrum of knowledge to study (eg. your question - skin conditions are subject of dermatology, flu - infectious diseases etc.). Doctors go ...


5

In the context of your question, the clinical context is limited to a patient's history (symptoms and relevant circumstances) and signs discovered during a physical examination, which can include manual tests and tests using a stethoscope and other simple instruments. Clinical context here does not include laboratory tests and other tests that involve "...


4

Ehlers-Danlos encorporates a spectrum of related connective tissue disorders, which are genetic, but it is not uncommon for some subtypes to be missed until the complications manifest more dramatically clinically - and that may not be until adulthood. This may be by early arthritis, recurrent joint dislocation, vaginal prolapse, aortic root dilation or ...


4

Not sure if this is what you are after but there is the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), a medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO). The current one is ICD-10 http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/icdonlineversions/en/


4

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) manifests in early childhood and is characterised by qualitative abnormalities in social interactions, markedly aberrant communication skills, and restricted repetitive behaviours, interests, and activities (RRBs). It is primarily considered a childhood disorder; however, it is not necessarily a childhood disorder. Autistic ...


3

PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is compound entity. It means that if you want to diagnose PCOS, the complaints (less frequent cycles, acne etc.) are not sufficient - you have to prove both the anatomical component (usually with ultrasound to describe the cysts) and the functional component (less frequent menstrual periods, androgen excess as measured by ...


3

In many cases they do reflect the actual diagnosis. It depends on the disease in question. eMerge network work on validation is for example here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3715338. In that study, they used ICD-based definitions but also other available data. Similar work in diabetes mellitus diagnosis is also published (https://www.ncbi....


3

Diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease is something only a medical professional can do. However, the symptoms are often first observed by friends and family, and here is what the physician will look for: Significant memory problems in immediate recall, short-term, or long-term memory. Significant thinking deficits in at least one of four areas: expressing or ...


3

Your doctor may use the term "possible lupus" if you meet part, but not all of the diagnostic criteria for lupus [1]. I'm assuming in the remainder of this post that you do not meet criteria for "probable" lupus (>= 4 criteria including 1 clinical and 1 immunologic criteria). A positive ANA is considered 1 immunologic criteria for the diagnosis of lupus. ...


3

I had to study pathophysiology. My textbook was called something like advanced pathophysiology. However, I learned a lot about neuropsychiatric conditions by studying a book titled something like pharmacological approaches for the treatment of neuropsychological diseases. I think! Very close if not right on. What it is in layman's terms and probably in ...


3

Low immunity with frequent infections in adults without any genetic immunodeficiency disease can be due to: Genetic predisposition (Cureus) Old age (J Clin Invest) Excessive stress (Psychol Bull) Smoking (Oncotarget) Excessive alcohol drinking (Alcohol Research) Chronic conditions, such as malnutrition, low stomach acid, diabetes, kidney or liver disease, ...


2

Two nice answers already, but both marching into the same direction. To round off the picture, this is the advocatus diaboli: While the existence of a diagnosis in general demands its application onto some individuals, some of those might indeed benefit from receiving such a diagnosis. Asperger’s disorder: A review of its diagnosis and treatment: Although ...


2

There are many reasons as to why an individual might seek a formal diagnosis of Autism or Asperger’s Syndrome (AS). For some, it may increase self-awareness to some degree for the sake of possibly capitalizing on one's strengths and managing areas of challenge. For others who qualify, an individual may seek a diagnosis to obtain additional means of support. ...


2

This is general information about celiac disease and dermatology. For individual diagnosis one must see a physician. A primary care physician is a good option, as they can diagnose celiac disease, it is usually not necessary to see an immunologist or dermatologist. Dermatitis Herpetiformis does have a differential diagnosis. First, consider other ...


2

I have found the following articles which may be of help. Hillmer, et al. (2005) Androgenetic alopecia (AGA), or male-pattern baldness, is the most common form of hair loss. Its pathogenesis is androgen dependent, and genetic predisposition is the major requirement for the phenotype. We demonstrate that genetic variability in the androgen receptor ...


2

I wouldn't be surprised if dogs could detect COVID-19, as they can help detect hypoglycaemia in diabetics, warn people who are about to have an epileptic seizure and have been used to sniff out some cancers. This article on Nature's website (23 November 2020) has the following Canines seem to detect coronavirus infections with remarkable accuracy, but ...


1

No there isn’t. Your computer is lacking the hardware diagnostic tools, so a software won’t be able to help. An actual blood test is a compilation of multiple tests done by experts in a lab, and even the simplest and faster forms (an ABG, as an example takes <5 minutes) use machines which cost more than 300 dollars for sure. Where would you inject a blood ...


1

Two-step Laboratory Testing Process is recommended for Lyme decease detection. It takes several days depends on the laboratory to make the test. However in accordance to your post you were bitten by tick more than 30 days ago and you did not develop later signs &symptoms. So it gives evidences that the probability of the development of Lyme decease is ...


1

The differential diagnosis of pain in the left lower quadrant of the abdomen or groin is quite extensive, which is why questions on history-taking and a clinical examination are so important. I see some investigations (MRI) have been completed, which should narrow it down a bit. Anatomy This diagram shows the position in question: the left lower quadrant (...


1

It does not have to exhausted. The best way would be to point to coder's guideline. Instead, I will use a data method to prove it. To prove it via data, you can analyze data from Columbia Open Health Data (from Columbia U in NYC) and look for broad terms and you would see that they have counts that are greater than sum of the most granular terms. COHD ...


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