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There are certain types of malocclusion that are have been shown to adversely affect quality of oral health and quality of life, but these are far, far fewer than the number of people sporting braces, adult or adolescent. The need for braces in the average teen, therefore, is no greater than the average adult. If you think of braces for teens as a necessity, ...


4

I would trust the professional organizations' websites and journals: American Academy of Dermatology http://www.AAD.org American Osteopathic College of Dermatology http://www.aocd.org/ American Journal of Clinical Dermatology https://link.springer.com/journal/40257 Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/...


2

Ask an OB for further guidance. Theoretical potential mechanisms of harm (that I doubt occurred) include radiation, electrical shock, inflammation, or stress hormones from tissue trauma. Stress has been shown to correlate with potential harm in fetal development (for example, increased risk of mood disorders later in life) but the proposed mechanisms ...


2

Cosmetics sold in China are subject to control by administrative licensing under the “Supervising Rules of Cosmetics Hygiene” regulations published by the Ministry of Health of the People’s Republic of China (MOH) and the “Rules for Acceptance of Application to Cosmetics Administrative License” published by the State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA). ...


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