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In short: According to several recent systematic reviews of studies, milk consumption is not associated with significant side effects, increased mortality, cancer, osteoporosis, heart disease or stroke. Milk and dairy products: good or bad for human health? An assessment of the totality of scientific evidence (PubMed, 2016) very few adverse effects have ...


6

A chest X-ray can detect changes in the lungs that occur in certain infections, such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, tularemia, aspergillosis, histoplasmosis, plague, etc (American Journal of Rentgenology). In most cases, additional tests, such as sputum and blood tests, are needed to confirm an exact diagnosis. Here and here you can see which other lung ...


6

I can understand your confusion, since the literature has confounding data. However, I would suggest that you expand your reasoning beyond only thinking about calcium demand and consider hormonal changes as well. Regardless, a newer paper that recently came out from Hwang et al. (2016) has some great information. They cite the papers that have shown ...


5

First off, she would be killed instantly. There wouldn't be any question of what might kill her "ultimately" because ultimately would be the moment she hit the ground. Yes, there have been people who survived falls from much greater heights, with the record holder being Vesna Vulović, a Serbian flight attendant who fell 10,160 m (33,330 ft), but those are ...


4

Not only in adults, even in children, if treated too late, the bone changes can be irreversible - they may not re-morph naturally. The article linked from your question: Influence of Mouth Breathing on the Dentofacial Growth of Children: A Cephalometric Study (PubMed, 2014) says: Because upper airway obstruction is an obstacle to normal dentofacial ...


4

There are several issues regarding dairy that have to be taken into consideration. One is the link between casein and cancers. I have heard a presentation from the author of some of the prominent studies on the subject, and have reduced my own family's intake of dairy based on findings. An example of another author's findings is this paper, which ...


4

Humans are strange among mammals in making dairy products such a large proportion of their adult diet. It reminds me of this amusing quote by Henry David Thoreau: One farmer says to me, 'You cannot live on vegetable food solely, for it furnishes nothing to make bones with;' and so he religiously devotes a part of his day to supplying his system with ...


3

I agree with @Carey Gregory's answer. I can tell you how a man falling only 30 feet landing on his back on concrete died. A 30 year old male working on the underside (?) of a bridge, unsecured, fell as above. There were no obvious external injuries. The skull was intact, etc. He arrived by ambulance unconscious and without a pulse. Advanced Trauma Life ...


3

According to this review article, adults need a bit more than 1 gram of calcium per day. However, it may be the case that the natural vitamin D levels for the human body should be a lot higher than what is currently the norm, see e.g. here. Calcium is absorbed from the gut by both passive and active mechanisms, the active mechanism is vitamin D dependent. If ...


2

Bones are held together by cartilage, and cartilage decays and vanishes along with the other soft tissues. So no, skeletons don't hold together by themselves. Skeletons in museums and such are generally held together by wire and glue.


2

Well, the X in the image is just below the olecranon. Pain in X could arise from the olecranon bursa or muscle tendons, for example, and you could still call it "olecranon pain" - this is not a name of a specific condition; it just tells a symptom location. The olecranon is not just a small spot where the black line in the image ends but the entire bony ...


2

Homeopathy remedies have no physiological effect (http://www.howdoeshomeopathywork.com). A homeopathic consultation along with the associated ritual of prescription etc may have a psychological or placebo effect. As far as the fish bone goes, chances are what you’re feeling is a scratch with associated inflammation which will go away in a few days (the ...


2

Victor, I'm not going to name off three reasons but instead ask you to think what is involved in leg lengthening, and try to explain why it's impossible to do so by the method you refer to. Many people have heard of biodegradable materials in bone repair and often think it can be easily used as bone replacement. (I'm not implying that's what you think ...


2

Peak bone mass is the maximum amount of bone a person has during their life. It typically occurs in the early 20s in females and late 20s in males. Peak bone mass is typically lower in females than males The risk of development of osteoporosis can be minimized by understanding the development of the skeletal system and the lifestyle choices that maximize ...


2

Bones and tendons take quite a long time to condition due to pressure. Generally the remodelling you do see see happens over a prolonged period of time. The sort you see most frequently is in athletes, power lifters and body builders. That would be remodelling that is not associated with trauma, but with conditioning. When you investigate the bones (in an ...


1

By immobilization of the elbow you are just keeping the elbow joint in place, which means the forearm does not move in the relation to the upper arm. But there are other things that can move the coronoid process: The movements in the shoulder joint, wrists and fingers in which the muscles attached to the humerus or ulna are involved The movements of the ...


1

According to an online article [See Reference], “The tailbone derived its name because some people believe it is a ‘leftover’ part from human evolution, though the notion that the tailbone serves no purpose is wrong,...” A look at an anatomy reference book will reveal that many muscles, tendons and ligaments attach to the tailbone (a.k.a. coccyx); these ...


1

Source Osteoporosis exercises are encouraged for a number of reasons. First and foremost exercise is good in a general sense, but building muscle strength can be really beneficial to people who may be at risk of losing bone mass. Stronger muscles can help improve balance, which can prevent falls. Balancing exercises are therefore a good addition to any ...


1

Bones are connected to each other by ligaments which are composed primarily of collagen. After a sufficient period of time the ligaments will decompose and the skeletal remains will be reduced to individual bones. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ligament Ligamentum (Plural: Ligamenta) TA A03.0.00.034 FMA 21496, 30319 70773, 21496, 30319 Anatomical ...


1

The antibiotics may have been, because you had surgery. They broke skin Introduce new particles to the body Your bone was already broken Since infection can lead to prolonged healing, you could see it working that way. Fluoroquinolones are known to negatively affect bone growth, this is mostly seen in infants though. The effect of antibiotics on bone ...


1

As an adult, no, there's no safe way to lengthen your bones. The epiphyseal plates at the ends of your bones have ossified, so hormonal treatments have nothing to operate on. There is a technique for lengthening bones in adults, distraction osteogenesis, where the bones are intentionally broken and then stretched during the healing process. I've never ...


1

This answer includes some speculation in the end. Since this is also a speculative question I hope that's okay :-) if people who suffer from paralysis, specifically those who can't walk anymore, lose strength in their skeletal structure from the waist down as well. Yes. Bones that aren't used lose mass. In a study of 89 men who had been in a wheelchair ...


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