24

You as an untrained bystander can do little to nothing. Professionally trained paramedics could (as an example) pull the leg and thus remove tension between two bone membranes (periostei) and in a best case scenario alleviate all pain. The bone itself has hardly any nerve endings, it is only the periosteum that causes pain. This only works in a few cases. ...


7

I also don't see any fracture in the scaphoid, but "fractures of the scaphoid are not visible in about 16% of cases on initial radiographs" (Clinical scaphoid fracture, PubMed, 2011). When symptoms suggest scaphoid fracture, but no fracture is seen on a radiograph, the current approach is to consider it as a "clinical scaphoid fracture," immobilize the ...


7

First, please note that I am not an orthopedist, and please make note of the disclaimer in the yellow box next to your question. This is not to be construed as personal medical advice. Second, major ouch! You have my sympathy. You can tell is a fracture is healing by looking for a callus. This is a series of radiographs of a more serious tibial-fibular ...


5

So let's assume you're speaking of a large bone, like the arm (humerus, radius or ulna) or leg (femur, tibia or fibula), but not the skull, spine or pelvis. A good rule of thumb: the larger the bone, the more serious it is. A second rule: if the skin is broken (the bone is sticking out), it is serious. So, if you suspect a hand or foot fracture with no ...


4

It all depends on the bone that is (or might be) broken, and on the overall condition of the patient. Call an ambulance for a fractured skull, vertebra or hip. Call an ambulance for open fractures (bone piercing through the skin). Call an ambulance if the patient is/has been unconscious or under shock. Call an ambulance if you are not sure whether you need ...


3

This is known as antibiotic prophylaxis. It is to prevent infection in the bone (osteomyelitis). If the bone surface is intact, pathogens like bacteria cannot penetrate it easily, but in the presence of an open fracture (when the bony injury is exposed to the environment due to skin and subcutaneous tissue damage) antibiotics are used to prevent infection. ...


3

If both legs are OK and there is no way they could have a spinal injury, you may well find it is quicker to get them to hospital in your car. Drive very slowly over bumps and around corners, do not accelerate fast and leave plenty of stopping distance for slow braking. This would be my preferred option for a minor injury to an arm, hand, shoulder or foot. ...


3

Two Types of Leg Length Discrepancies (LLD) Just a heads up it's pretty tough to give a general answer to such an involved area (I tried lol). I’m forced to leave quite a bit out as there are so many causes, tests, treatments etc. True LLD Simply put there is an anatomical or structural difference (L) vs (R) Typically these are congenital (i.e ...


2

If you are untrained on this subject matter, the best practise is to do nothing about the fracture.* Even most certified first aiders are not trained to handle broken bones. *By nothing I don't literally mean nothing. I would assume that you have already called for ambulance. If he is in a dangerous location you can try to move him, but you will have move ...


2

I was going to say no because I was under the impression there was also a component of the fragment sizes in the definition (I'm not a specialist), but in doing a bit of research I appear to be wrong. I was going to say originally it's a seemingly-open leg fracture (both bones), but according to http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00522 it is ...


1

So, as far as I am aware there is no specific grading of severity of fracture. Severity in fractures can be individual and based on age, debility, etc. Most classification systems I am aware of are based on describing the fracture. Open/closed, oblique, longitudinal, etc. There are also specific common fractures with names, such as a tri-malleolar fracture ...


1

Your first reference points out the difference between a lateral ankle view versus an oblique view. The oblique view is taken from a lateral position but the joint is tilted so that the rays travel parallel to the joint surface. Otherwise, a lateral view results in superimposition of different parts of the joint being imaged rendering it unclear.


1

Pisiform fractures like scaphoid fractures can be tricky to identify, and this is a good example of why! Even though I don't have a definitive yes/no answer, I wanted to answer this question as it is a good professional learning question for this site. I agree that in this case, although the feature suggesting it might be artifact (the alignment of the ...


1

By immobilization of the elbow you are just keeping the elbow joint in place, which means the forearm does not move in the relation to the upper arm. But there are other things that can move the coronoid process: The movements in the shoulder joint, wrists and fingers in which the muscles attached to the humerus or ulna are involved The movements of the ...


1

From personal experience I can definitely attest that a person with a broken arm can indeed (under reasonable circumstances) hobble to a car and be driven to the hospital (not sure which department, presumably first aid initially). In my case I was the child with the broken arm and my mom drove met to the hospital. This way (even with safe driving) I was ...


1

The Maisonneuve fracture is a special form of the Weber C fracture. What makes it special is that the fracture of the fibula has to be localized within the proximal third of the fibula shaft (see "The Maisonneuve fracture is a spiral fracture of the proximal third of the fibula", http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23079149). Weber C includes all ...


1

Your doctor would be the most qualified to answer this. I am not able to interpret x-rays, but I do know that fractures usually take 6-8 weeks to heal. That can differ based on a persons age, nutrition, and whether they have any other underlying health conditions, and the severity of the fracture. Your doctor who knows your health condition would be able ...


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