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Questions tagged [terminology]

This tag should be used for questions concerning meaning and usage of words as applied in medical science.

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52 views

Medical Education - Excluding Audiobooks & Text-To-Speech Software, What Auditory Resources can Students be Directed to use?

Aside from audiobooks, I seldom come across medical education resources for students who either: A. Want to learn by audio B. Need to learn by audio A. There are many students who casually want to ...
5 votes
1 answer
38k views

What does "2/2" mean in a patient note?

I am reading a few patient notes and see 2/2 used several times, e.g.: Unclear if 2/2 to aspiration Recurrent UTIs and hosp. for urosepsis - thought 2/2 to chronic indwelling Foley catheter ...
2 votes
1 answer
139 views

Are polyuria and diuresis different, and if so, how?

Polyuria - Wikipedia states: Polyuria (/ˌpɒliˈjʊəriə/) is excessive or an abnormally large production or passage of urine (greater than 2.5 L[1] or 3 L[6] over 24 hours in adults). Increased ...
3 votes
1 answer
94 views

Where do I get deeper information about the origin of anatomical names?

When I am learning anatomy, I sometimes wonder "why does this structure is called like that". For instance: Today I found out where atlas and axis got there names from. Wikipedia told me &...
3 votes
1 answer
28k views

What is a T2 hyperintense focus in the subcortical white matter?

What is a T2 hyperintense focus? What does it mean, in English, for there to be a T2 hyperintense focus in the subcortical white matter of the right middle frontal gyrus?
3 votes
1 answer
143 views

Is the treatment of any type of ectopic pregnancy still called an embryectomy?

The generic term for the treatment of an ectopic pregnancy seems to be "embryectomy": ἐκ (ek, “out”) + τέμνω (témnō, “to cut”) Stedman, Practical Medical Dictionary (1916), p. 302 calls ...
2 votes
1 answer
124 views

What is the difference between "mild degeneration of the muscular attachment of the gluteus medius" and "mild tendinosis of the left gluteus medius"?

I have read the following two terms: mild degeneration of the muscular attachment of the left gluteus medius mild tendinosis of the left gluteus medius Do these two terms refer to the same medical ...
4 votes
1 answer
91 views

Isn't "epithelial carcinoma" a tautological term? Are there non-epithelial carcinomas?

From "Bevacizumab combined with platinum–taxane chemotherapy as first-line treatment for advanced ovarian cancer: a prospective observational study of safety and efficacy in Japanese patients (...
-2 votes
1 answer
608 views

Is there a medical term for the thickness of the human torso, as measured from its back to its front?

Let's say that you took the measurement of how thick a person's torso is; specifically, by measuring between the following two points: the skin on their chest, slightly above the navel to the skin ...
0 votes
1 answer
80 views

What does the term "biologic therapies" really mean?

Through the years I have often checked various sources trying to understand what are "biologic therapies" but didn't get any general answer or generalized definition of the term. Every ...
2 votes
0 answers
55 views

Is it correct to talk about "exquisite fever" when referring to fever that occurs at regular time intervals?

I found this expression "fièvre exquise" in a French book. Later, I found in a French dictionary that fièvre exquise is a medical term meaning: "fever, the fits of which are perfectly ...
2 votes
0 answers
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What is the difference between EBM and EBP?

I'm struggling to understand in simple terms the difference between EBM (evidence-based medicine) and EBP(evidence-based practice). After a bit of research, this is what I have understood. Is it ...
0 votes
1 answer
32 views

What is intermittent administration?

I have come across this study headline: Intermittent clonidine regimen abolishes tolerance to its antihypertensive effect: a spectral study https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17414230/ I am not a ...
5 votes
1 answer
519 views

Question about "per person-years" stats in medical studies

I'm reading a study (Lou, et al. 2013) that says in the abstract In the first 2 years, the rate of recurrence was higher among patients who had received neoadjuvant therapy (35 per 100 person-years) ...
-2 votes
1 answer
52 views

Term for a hospital ward where interesting patients for research are kept?

I'm searching for a term for a hospital ward where patients who are particularly interesting for research are kept. I believe that such a term exists and that I've heard it, but forgot.
3 votes
1 answer
89 views

What is "retrosternal oppression" and "oppression biosynthesis"?

In my reading of the scientific and medical literature, I have come across the term “retrosternal oppression”. Source: Jerjes-Sánchez, C. “Cardiology in the ER: A Practical Guide”, Springer Nature ...
2 votes
1 answer
64 views

Meaning of "Depletion of methyl-donor pool glycine, serine, and histidine" in a review article

From a review titled Cerebral Folate Deficiency Syndrome: Early Diagnosis, Intervention and Treatment Strategies, from Table 1: V. Conditions affecting folate metabolism in the brain Hereditary ...
3 votes
1 answer
65 views

Why should the hepatitis B infection last more than six months to be regarded as chronic?

"People who test positive for the hepatitis B virus for more than six months (after their first blood test result) are diagnosed as having a chronic infection. This means their immune system was ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Meaning of "Assessment of improvement is contingent on optimization of treatments"

From the International Consensus Recommendations for the Treatment of Pediatric NMDAR Antibody Encephalitis, Table 3: 3.3.1. Assessment of improvement following immunotherapy (i.e., failure to ...
2 votes
1 answer
71 views

What's the name for food poisoning where the symptoms are solely caused by toxins that have accumulated in the food?

I'm trying to understand more about the type of food poisoning caused by toxins that were present in the food at the time it was eaten, that can quickly cause diarrhoea and vomiting that may only last ...
3 votes
1 answer
76 views

Meaning of prevalent/incident/new/cleared HPV infections in this table

I am having difficulties understanding the following table from the study Incidence and clearance of genital human papillomavirus infection in men (HIM): a cohort study. I think I might be reading the ...
5 votes
3 answers
407 views

What is the meaning of "co-formulated"?

I was reading the The right drug for the right patient section of the University of Sydney website, which provides these clinical guidelines (flow chart), and says (bold my own): There are no studies ...
1 vote
1 answer
35 views

Meaning of a sentence about selection of experts for a consensus guideline

From "International Consensus Recommendations for the Treatment of Pediatric NMDAR Antibody Encephalitis": A steering committee (R.C.D., M.L., T.T., M.N., and M.E.) carefully selected a ...
3 votes
1 answer
140 views

Term for a person who sleeps as they need to, rather than with any regular pattern?

Is there a term for a condition or inclination of only sleeping on an as-needs basis? (analogous, perhaps, to hydration habits, where some people may have a regular pattern for when they drink water, ...
2 votes
1 answer
201 views

Is there a modern term for "pessary cell"?

I was reading about the vitamin B12, and came across the description of a rare syndrome, with a mention of the "pessary cell" (a red blood cell in which the hemoglobin has disappeared from ...
5 votes
0 answers
276 views

Fear of planets

When I was in preschool, I saw a 3D space adventure movie and almost cried. I don't know why but I get so scared when I see a planet. They are just very creepy to me. Even looking at a planet in a ...
3 votes
1 answer
710 views

What is the difference between “comorbidity” and “multimorbidity”?

I am doing a search on how the number of conditions can cause disease burden. I came across the terms comorbidity and multimorbidty in my search and I wanted to know the difference between the two. ...
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

"Focal tear of the [ligament name]" vs. "Tear of the [ligament name]"

I am reading some MRI report and see "Focal tear of the [ligament name]". what does the adjective add? In other words, what is the difference between "Focal tear of the [ligament name]&...
3 votes
0 answers
49 views

What is the correct or preferred nomenclatural vernacular for physical examinations?

I was using a running log app and came across terminology commonly used to describe a "physical" — as in a type of medical provider visit that is scheduled once a year and typically requires ...
2 votes
1 answer
3k views

What does "c/f" mean in a hospital discharge summary?

I'm reading a discharge summary received from a hospital and cannot decipher the "c/f" abbreviation. Here is the text: given c/f possible hepatic encephalopathy, started lactulose I put &...
1 vote
1 answer
341 views

What does "oppose" mean in this context: opposition of the wound edges?

Been interested in cyanoacrylates and their applications to wound closures and ran across this new usage for "oppose", "opposed", and "opposition". Researching further ...
3 votes
1 answer
171 views

What is the difference between lifetime incidence and cumulative lifetime incidence?

I read on https://lermagazine.com/article/achilles-experts-ponder-effects-of-heel-elevation: In athletes, Achilles tendinopathy has a prevalence of 19% and a cumulative lifetime incidence of 24%. ...
0 votes
1 answer
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What is the terminology used for non-invasive treatments?

When a condition is being treated by non-invasive, non-drug methods, what is that called? For example, if the patient has elevated blood pressure and the doctor recommends exercising, a low salt diet ...
0 votes
1 answer
155 views

What is the difference between Nasion and Root of Nose?

I am now studying the area of the nose and getting acquainted with the anatomy of this place - I came across these two terms. I originally thought that Nazion is where Frontal bone and Nasal bones ...
3 votes
1 answer
133 views

Terminology for vaccinating with multiple vaccines?

If one were to be "fully vaccinated" with 2 doses of the Pfizer for COVID19 and then six months later vaccinate with the Moderna version: What is the word or phrase to indicate such a ...
2 votes
2 answers
60 views

How is "absolute risk of death" from covid (or something else) usually defined for infectious diseases?

There's been some discussion on Twitter regarding whether a BBC article is misleading or not. The article says: Researchers estimate that 25 deaths in a population of some 12 million children in ...
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0 answers
51 views

Why was the fact that the Fc-part of an antibody is crystallizable important enough that the part was named after it? (Fc ="Fragment crystallizable")

The typical Y-shape structure of an antibody is often further divided into three parts which correspond to the fragments one obtain when the antibody is digested by the protease papain. Those are: ...
0 votes
0 answers
20 views

Relationship between Th1 and Th2 and their cross-regulation (+ understanding what cross-regulation means)

Apologies, biology is not my area of expertise but I do have an interest in it. I "know" that Th1 and Th2 cross-regulate but I'm not sure what that means... Could it mean that if one ...
-2 votes
1 answer
67 views

Why are Ground Glass Opacities termed "Ground Glass"?

What exactly is "ground glass", if this exists? How do GGOs relate to "ground glass"? Rather than "ground glass", why not call these light-coloured or gray or ...
1 vote
1 answer
116 views

What is the difference between a dry cough, wet cough, chesty cough and barking cough?

I am doing some research on cough sounds but my background is not health sector and I am facing issues to identify the correct type of cough. I have two doubts : Is a chesty cough the same as a wet ...
1 vote
1 answer
156 views

Erysipelas vs cellulitis vs paronychia

According to Wikipedia: "Erysipelas is a relatively common bacterial infection of the superficial layer of the skin."(1) "Cellulitis is a bacterial infection involving the inner layers ...
1 vote
0 answers
21 views

Meaning of "early neurotoxicity" in description of methotrexate treatment effects - at an early age? or an early-stage neurotoxicity?

From a guideline: Due to the inhibitory effect of methotrexate on DHPR and the interaction with dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), this treatment may lead to HPA and early neurotoxicity, possibly ...
2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Daily dose of recommended water

Here (https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/how-much-water-should-you-drink) it says to drink four-to-six cup of water. I find it weird that they don't mention how big the cup should be? How ...
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0 answers
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Meaning of "Routine" in "Routine imaging of the brain is not required to diagnose BH4Ds"

From Consensus guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiencies Recommendation #27 (conditional): Routine imaging of the brain is not required to diagnose BH4Ds. ...
0 votes
0 answers
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Meaning of "Evaluation for inpatient hospitalization, either by on-site psychiatric professional or through an emergency room"

From Table 5 in Psychiatric Emergencies: Assessing and Managing Suicidal Ideation Evaluation for inpatient hospitalization, either by on-site psychiatric professional or through an emergency room. ...
2 votes
1 answer
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What are "baseline chronic risk factors" in a table describing levels of suicidality risk in a scientific paper?

From Table 5 in Psychiatric Emergencies: Assessing and Managing Suicidal Ideation Baseline chronic risk factors. Minimal mood symptoms. Maintained self-control. Rare acute risk factors. What are &...
1 vote
1 answer
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Meaning of "natural" in "high natural protein intake" in a consensus guideline on BH4 deficiencies

From the Consensus guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiencies: Apart from BH4Ds, the differential diagnosis of HPA includes phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) ...
-1 votes
1 answer
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Is their terminology for varying bone fracture severity?

I have done research on the various different types of bone fractures however I am not able to find any resources discussing specifically the severity of fractures. For example I had assumed that the ...
1 vote
1 answer
84 views

What does "favorable pharmacological profile" mean?

In the context of a new drug going through trials, what does "favorable pharmacological profile" mean? e.g. YTX-7739, a potential disease-modifying therapy for Parkinson’s disease, was safe,...
1 vote
0 answers
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What is the meaning of "subcortical retraction" in a description of MRI of a Kearns-Sayre syndrome patient?

I came across the term subcortical retraction and cannot understand its meaning. Does it mean "the withering of the subcortical areas" (shrinking of subcortical white matter)? From Follow-up ...