Questions tagged [terminology]

This tag should be used for questions concerning meaning and usage of words as applied in medical science.

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Meaning of "at baseline" in "Detection of antibodies at baseline in schizophrenia or major depression"

From The basis for folinic acid treatment in neuro-psychiatric disorders by Ramaekers et al., 2016, at the very end of the article: Because the presence of FRα antibodies can show significant serum ...
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63 views

What is sleep pressure?

What is sleep pressure? I was reading an article on melatonin, and one of the commenters said something about 'sleep pressure'. I did a web search to see what it was, but web searches don't often ...
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What are the food behaviors of anorexic patients?

I'm a medical student reading a book about nutrition and Metabolism. In the description of Anorexia nervosa patients the writer states that She has a preoccupation with, and often a considerable ...
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Fear of planets

When I was in preschool, I saw a 3D space adventure movie and almost cried. I don't know why but I get so scared when I see a planet. They are just very creepy to me. Even looking at a planet in a ...
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Lack of clarity about terms for average glucose in diabetes research literature (MBG, MPG, and AG)

The meaning of “mean plasma glucose (MPG)” is unambiguous, but I’m having an incredibly difficult time making sense of the way the term “mean blood glucose (MBG)” is used in medical research ...
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English-language term for "productive vasculitis"

I'm translating a Russian text that gives a description of necropsy results. It mentions "productive vasculitis": Сосуды вокруг участка гранулематозного воспаления с признаками продуктивного ...
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What is the meaning of "WES" "LEG" or "CAD" written next to a prescription?

I have 2 prescriptions of Predinisone, and on one of them it is written, "PredniSONE 5MG TAB WES" and on another one it is written, "PREDNISONE 10MG TAB CAD." Are they the same formula and only differ ...
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Are 3D-DSA and 3DRA the same?

This question is to radiologists. I'm a PhD student in medical image processing and (I thought that) I was working with 3D-DSA images obtained by subtraction of non-contrast enhanced CBCT from a ...
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24 views

Term for non-exposure-related tolerance?

"Tolerance" to a drug is typically interpreted to mean the state of requiring more of that drug to cause the same effects as compared to another individual, regardless of cause. However, the medical ...
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Meaning of "potential pharmacogenetic characterisation might also be evaluated so that these syndromes are treated at an earlier age."

This could be offtopic because this might be just a case of sloppy phrasing and a case of "asking to guess what the authors really meant". A quote from an abstract (GTP-cyclohydrolase deficiency ...
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37 views

Meaning of "central registration system" in Japanese clinical trials

Quote from a Japanese clinical trial report: METHOD: An observational study was conducted on patients who relapsed after primary systemic therapy with TZM using the central registration system. The ...
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What would a surgeon write about a non-complicated scar in a post-surgery inspection report?

I have a short post-surgery inspection report in Russian: Осмотр после операции. Рубец спокойный. Verbatim translation: Post-surgery examination. The scar is calm. This calm denotes that the ...
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42 views

Condition of mucus coated trachea, but clear lungs?

Is there a medical condition or illness (what's the terminology??) for when there is an acute incidence of when the trachea is coated with so much mucus and phlegm that it causes labored breathing and ...
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236 views

What are "sunset additives"?

In relation to stories such as this one, with the (probably sensationalized?) headline of "Nigerians boycott Coca-Cola drinks after court rules them 'poisonous'": Consumers of Sprite and Fanta have ...
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38 views

Conceptual differences between urgent, emergency, planned, unplanned, elective and acute care

I have a bunch of health care terms between which I would like to disambiguate the relationships. A concept map or diagram would be really appreciated since I think better that way. Terms are: ...
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Meaning of "early neurotoxicity" in description of methotrexate treatment effects - at an early age? or an early-stage neurotoxicity?

From a guideline: Due to the inhibitory effect of methotrexate on DHPR and the interaction with dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), this treatment may lead to HPA and early neurotoxicity, possibly ...
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24 views

What is the meaning of "subcortical retraction" in a description of MRI of a Kearns-Sayre syndrome patient?

I came across the term subcortical retraction and cannot understand its meaning. Does it mean "the withering of the subcortical areas" (shrinking of subcortical white matter)? From Follow-up ...
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What is the name of the condition where you remember something while doing it together with others, but forget when you do it alone?

I want to know the name (if there is one) of the condition where you remember things while you do it on a repeated basis with a whole group of people, but forget when you are doing it alone, as if you ...
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35 views

Confirmed, recovered, deaths, meaning

I am wondering about the exact definition of a few terms that are being used in connection with the COVID-19, specifically in data sets. I am interested in the data at github specifically in the time ...
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Are individuals with controlled blood pressre still considered to have high blood pressure?

I was reading this article: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-18/99-of-those-who-died-from-virus-had-other-illness-italy-says the TL;DR is that 99% of the Covid-19 deaths in Italy had ...
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Is there a "cancelling" drug interaction?

When I read on how drugs affect organisms I often come across the drug interaction term, most often how one drug might have a good or bad synergistic effect with other drugs: Mixing Paracetamol with ...
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Is there a classification code system for TB patients (registered for follow-up) in the West?

I came across the following sentence in a Russian text: Диссеминированный туберкулез легких в фазе инфильтрации, МБТ (-) IА I translated it as: Disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis at the ...
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23 views

Meaning of "platinum sensitivity and primary PFI being repowered as prognostic factors"

Quote from a clinical trial report: Recurrence eventually affects 70–80% of patients with advanced epithelial ovar-ian cancer [2, 22], with platinum sensitivity and primary PFI being repowered as ...
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39 views

What is the difference between "clinician" and "therapist"?

I am reading the book Mindfulness and Psychotherapy, and at first I thought clinician and therapist are used interchangeably, but it seems not. So is there any difference between the two? If yes, is ...
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Is there a service that translates medical reports into everyday language?

Medical reports can be quite long and may contain complicated vocabulary that is difficult or impossible for patients to understand. In Germany, there’s a website called Was hab’ ich? (“What do I ...
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52 views

What is a Lymph Node Collection

I'm looking at my results from a C/T I had a year ago, because my doctor wants to get another since my lymph node is still enlarged. When I looked at the results I saw The right axillary region ...
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56 views

Term for noisy non-vocal/non-"wheezy" breathing on inhalation

What is the medical term for abnormally noisy inhalation that contains no tonal noise, but rather is airy and "wet" (but no crackling or popping), originating in the upper respiratory tract -- similar ...
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61 views

What are the differences between social anxiety and panic attacks in terms of symptoms?

What are the differences between social anxiety and panic attacks in terms of symptoms? Does social anxiety lead to panic attacks?
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Umbrella terms for field of vision unawareness blindness spectrum conditions?

I would like to know what the name is for the medical condition, whose severity could be categorized by a vision dexterity test possibly related to overall body / hand to object reaction time after ...
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Does a treatment X vs. placebo study qualify as a "comparative study"?

I wonder whether a study comparing medical treatment with a placebo qualifies as a "comparative study". Looking at PubMed's MeSH tags, I don't see much consistency: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/...
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92 views

What is the difference between a dry cough, wet cough, chesty cough and barking cough?

I am doing some research on cough sounds but my background is not health sector and I am facing issues to identify the correct type of cough. I have two doubts : Is a chesty cough the same as a wet ...
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What's the term for fainting when you get a needle without apprehension?

So I will often faint when I get a needle, both for vaccinations and blood tests. This is not because I have any apprehension about the needle. If I lie down for the needle rather than sitting it has ...
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24 views

Why was the fact that the Fc-part of an antibody is crystallizable important enough that the part was named after it? (Fc ="Fragment crystallizable")

The typical Y-shape structure of an antibody is often further divided into three parts which correspond to the fragments one obtain when the antibody is digested by the protease papain. Those are: ...
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Relationship between Th1 and Th2 and their cross-regulation (+ understanding what cross-regulation means)

Apologies, biology is not my area of expertise but I do have an interest in it. I "know" that Th1 and Th2 cross-regulate but I'm not sure what that means... Could it mean that if one ...
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Meaning of "Routine" in "Routine imaging of the brain is not required to diagnose BH4Ds"

From Consensus guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiencies Recommendation #27 (conditional): Routine imaging of the brain is not required to diagnose BH4Ds. ...
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Is there any known terminology/coding system for the Hunt and Hess score?

I am trying to create a FHIR Observation from a given Hunt and Hess score (HHS) ranging from 1-5. FHIR resources are using terminologies like LOINC, ICD or SNOMED but i cannot find the HHS score in ...
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Meaning of "Evaluation for inpatient hospitalization, either by on-site psychiatric professional or through an emergency room"

From Table 5 in Psychiatric Emergencies: Assessing and Managing Suicidal Ideation Evaluation for inpatient hospitalization, either by on-site psychiatric professional or through an emergency room. ...
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What do we call a stomach ultrasound during which the patient is asked to drink liquid to assess GI functioning?

I came across the term "водно-сифонная проба" in a Russian case report in which a child undergoes medical investigation for his symptoms. Multitran says that it's "aqueous-siphon test&...
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What is the difference between "mild degeneration of the muscular attachment of the gluteus medius" and "mild tendinosis of the left gluteus medius"?

I have read the following two terms: mild degeneration of the muscular attachment of the left gluteus medius mild tendinosis of the left gluteus medius Do these two terms refer to the same medical ...