Questions tagged [terminology]

This tag should be used for questions concerning meaning and usage of words as applied in medical science.

35 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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Meaning of “at baseline” in “Detection of antibodies at baseline in schizophrenia or major depression”

From The basis for folinic acid treatment in neuro-psychiatric disorders by Ramaekers et al., 2016, at the very end of the article: Because the presence of FRα antibodies can show significant serum ...
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What is sleep pressure?

What is sleep pressure? I was reading an article on melatonin, and one of the commenters said something about 'sleep pressure'. I did a web search to see what it was, but web searches don't often ...
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What are the food behaviors of anorexic patients?

I'm a medical student reading a book about nutrition and Metabolism. In the description of Anorexia nervosa patients the writer states that She has a preoccupation with, and often a considerable ...
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Fear of planets

When I was in preschool, I saw a 3D space adventure movie and almost cried. I don't know why but I get so scared when I see a planet. They are just very creepy to me. Even looking at a planet in a ...
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Lack of clarity about terms for average glucose in diabetes research literature (MBG, MPG, and AG)

The meaning of “mean plasma glucose (MPG)” is unambiguous, but I’m having an incredibly difficult time making sense of the way the term “mean blood glucose (MBG)” is used in medical research ...
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English-language term for “productive vasculitis”

I'm translating a Russian text that gives a description of necropsy results. It mentions "productive vasculitis": Сосуды вокруг участка гранулематозного воспаления с признаками продуктивного ...
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What is the meaning of “WES” “LEG” or “CAD” written next to a prescription?

I have 2 prescriptions of Predinisone, and on one of them it is written, "PredniSONE 5MG TAB WES" and on another one it is written, "PREDNISONE 10MG TAB CAD." Are they the same formula and only differ ...
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Are 3D-DSA and 3DRA the same?

This question is to radiologists. I'm a PhD student in medical image processing and (I thought that) I was working with 3D-DSA images obtained by subtraction of non-contrast enhanced CBCT from a ...
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Term for non-exposure-related tolerance?

"Tolerance" to a drug is typically interpreted to mean the state of requiring more of that drug to cause the same effects as compared to another individual, regardless of cause. However, the medical ...
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Meaning of “potential pharmacogenetic characterisation might also be evaluated so that these syndromes are treated at an earlier age.”

This could be offtopic because this might be just a case of sloppy phrasing and a case of "asking to guess what the authors really meant". A quote from an abstract (GTP-cyclohydrolase deficiency ...
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Meaning of “central registration system” in Japanese clinical trials

Quote from a Japanese clinical trial report: METHOD: An observational study was conducted on patients who relapsed after primary systemic therapy with TZM using the central registration system. The ...
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What would a surgeon write about a non-complicated scar in a post-surgery inspection report?

I have a short post-surgery inspection report in Russian: Осмотр после операции. Рубец спокойный. Verbatim translation: Post-surgery examination. The scar is calm. This calm denotes that the ...
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Condition of mucus coated trachea, but clear lungs?

Is there a medical condition or illness (what's the terminology??) for when there is an acute incidence of when the trachea is coated with so much mucus and phlegm that it causes labored breathing and ...
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What are “sunset additives”?

In relation to stories such as this one, with the (probably sensationalized?) headline of "Nigerians boycott Coca-Cola drinks after court rules them 'poisonous'": Consumers of Sprite and Fanta have ...
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Conceptual differences between urgent, emergency, planned, unplanned, elective and acute care

I have a bunch of health care terms between which I would like to disambiguate the relationships. A concept map or diagram would be really appreciated since I think better that way. Terms are: ...
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Confirmed, recovered, deaths, meaning

I am wondering about the exact definition of a few terms that are being used in connection with the COVID-19, specifically in data sets. I am interested in the data at github specifically in the time ...
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What is the difference between Dry cough, Wet cough, Chesty Cough, Barking cough?

I am doing some research on cough sounds but my background is not health sector and I am facing issues to identify the correct type of cough. I have two doubts : Is chesty cough Wet cough? Is ...
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Are individuals with controlled blood pressre still considered to have high blood pressure?

I was reading this article: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-18/99-of-those-who-died-from-virus-had-other-illness-italy-says the TL;DR is that 99% of the Covid-19 deaths in Italy had ...
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Is there a “cancelling” drug interaction?

When I read on how drugs affect organisms I often come across the drug interaction term, most often how one drug might have a good or bad synergistic effect with other drugs: Mixing Paracetamol with ...
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Is there a classification code system for TB patients (registered for follow-up) in the West?

I came across the following sentence in a Russian text: Диссеминированный туберкулез легких в фазе инфильтрации, МБТ (-) IА I translated it as: Disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis at the ...
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Meaning of “platinum sensitivity and primary PFI being repowered as prognostic factors”

Quote from a clinical trial report: Recurrence eventually affects 70–80% of patients with advanced epithelial ovar-ian cancer [2, 22], with platinum sensitivity and primary PFI being repowered as ...
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What is the difference between “clinician” and “therapist”?

I am reading the book Mindfulness and Psychotherapy, and at first I thought clinician and therapist are used interchangeably, but it seems not. So is there any difference between the two? If yes, is ...
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Is there a service that translates medical reports into everyday language?

Medical reports can be quite long and may contain complicated vocabulary that is difficult or impossible for patients to understand. In Germany, there’s a website called Was hab’ ich? (“What do I ...
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What is a Lymph Node Collection

I'm looking at my results from a C/T I had a year ago, because my doctor wants to get another since my lymph node is still enlarged. When I looked at the results I saw The right axillary region ...
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Term for noisy non-vocal/non-“wheezy” breathing on inhalation

What is the medical term for abnormally noisy inhalation that contains no tonal noise, but rather is airy and "wet" (but no crackling or popping), originating in the upper respiratory tract -- similar ...
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What are the differences between social anxiety and panic attacks in terms of symptoms?

What are the differences between social anxiety and panic attacks in terms of symptoms? Does social anxiety lead to panic attacks?
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Umbrella terms for field of vision unawareness blindness spectrum conditions?

I would like to know what the name is for the medical condition, whose severity could be categorized by a vision dexterity test possibly related to overall body / hand to object reaction time after ...
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Does a treatment X vs. placebo study qualify as a “comparative study”?

I wonder whether a study comparing medical treatment with a placebo qualifies as a "comparative study". Looking at PubMed's MeSH tags, I don't see much consistency: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/...
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Meaning of “patients were self-selected to undergo treatment or remain untreated”

From Treatment of Folate Metabolism Abnormalities in Autism Spectrum Disorder: In an open-label therapeutic trial of patients with nonsyndromic infantile ASD, patients were self-selected to undergo a ...
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Seeking a translation for Russian “геморрагический венчик” (hemorrhagic crown?), a feature observed in an infarct

According to the Russian classification of infarcts, По цвету инфаркт может быть белым (селезенка, головной мозг), белым с геморрагическим венчиком (сердце, почки) и красным (геморрагическим). ...
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Who are “good performance patients”?

I'm translating a study poster and came across the following excerpt: Good performance, unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients should receive standard-of-care treatment, i....
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meaning of “presence of a diagnosis”

From a research paper Percentages and means for baseline characteristics and 2-year course indicators were provided across age groups. Additionally, these characteristics were associated with ...
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Is autosensitization dermatitis fully synonymous with id reaction, and if not, what's the difference?

Autosensitization dermatitis and id reaction have different Wikipedia pages, but I can't understand the difference between them. Is there any, or are they synonymous? When I asked on a translators' ...
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Difference between blood serum and plasma

I'm not understanding some of the explanations I've seen on the internet: What is Serum? Put simply, serum is plasma minus the clotting factors and blood cells. Link But the plasma doesn't ...
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What is the difference between “mild degeneration of the muscular attachment of the gluteus medius” and “mild tendinosis of the left gluteus medius”?

I have read the following two terms: mild degeneration of the muscular attachment of the left gluteus medius mild tendinosis of the left gluteus medius Do these two terms refer to the same medical ...